as three interconnected spheres, 33

as three separate spheres, 33

as a web of relations among spheres, 35

community demonstration projects, NSDI, 164-165

objectives and associated indicators, 43

Competitive connections, economic trade and, 72

Complementary connections, economic trade and, 72

Connectedness, 55-74

between places, 71-74

Constraints, 18

authority, 61

capability, 61

coupling, 61

Control zones, 91

Cost, of state and local government data, 143

Coupling constraints, 18, 61

Cross-organization decision making, 14

Crosscutting measures of livability

ecological footprint, 27

mutual interdependence of livability dimensions, 6

D

Data

access to data and analytical tools, 146-148

analysis tools, 131-150

availability, 137-148

cadastral data, 139, 164

collected by communities and smaller-level governments, 146

data needed by communities, 1-5

data sharing among federal agencies, 8-9

federal data for local decision making, 133

federal government data, 138-143

private data, 145-146

reliability constraints, 48

state and local government data, 143-146

Decision-support process, 103-127

changes in the transportation planning process, 107-112

current transportation planning process, 106

decision process framework, 112-113

decisions resolving conflicting ideas, 113-114

information needs of decision makers, 122-125

long-range planning, 106-107

project planning, 107

promoting cross-organizational planning, 14

regional basis for decision making, 114-119

role of public involvement in decision process, 119-120

Decision-support tools, 120-122

basic information handling support, 121

decision analysis support, 121

designing for the diverse stakeholders, 8

group reasoning support, 121

micro, decision strategy phases, 122

Dependence

spatial, 91

temporal, 91

Design Center for American Urban Landscape, 134-135

Livable Community tool, 136

Detroit, Michigan, early transportation studies in, 104

Digital Aerial Images, 135

Digital Line Graph (DLG) hydrography data , 165

Digital Orthophotos, 135

Disenfranchisement, 51

DLG. See Digital Line Graph hydrography data

DOC. See U.S. Department of Commerce

Dodge-Polk, 145

DOI. See U.S. Department of the Interior

DOL. See U.S. Department of Labor

DOT. See U.S. Department of Transportation

E

Eastern Planning Initiative (EPI), 40-42

Ecological fallacy, 88

Ecological footprint, 27

Ecological framework methodology, 116-118

Economic trade

and competitive connections, 72

and complementary connections, 72



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