• strengthening the cancer prevention, screening, and access-to-care content of Division of Nursing training grants to nurse practitioner and nurse midwifery training programs.

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

Although the training opportunities provided by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) are not specific to cancer, AHRQ provides several training opportunities in health services research of potential interest to clinical and behavioral and social scientists (www.ahcpr.gov/fund/training/trainix.htm):

  • Health Services Research Dissertation Awards (R03 grants)

  • Independent Scientist Awards (K02 grants) (career development support for promising new investigators)

  • Individual Postdoctoral Fellowship Awards (F32 grants)

  • Institutional Training Awards (T32 grants) (National Research Service Award grants to institutions for predoctoral and postdoctoral training)

  • Institutional Training Innovation Incentive Awards (R25 grants) (support for design and implementation of new models of health services research training)

  • Kerr White Visiting Scholars Program (intramural opportunities for junior, mid-career-level, and senior researchers)

  • Mentored Clinical Scientist Development Awards (K08 grants)

  • Opportunities for Minority Students

  • Predoctoral Fellowship Awards for Minority Students (F31 grants)

  • Summer Intern Program.

AHRQ also supports health services research, including methods to improve physicians’ preventive health practices.

Private Programs

American Cancer Society

The American Cancer Society (ACS) has spent an estimated $2 million to $3 million annually in recent years on training and career development in cancer prevention, representing roughly 20 percent of ACS’s total spending for training and career development (Ginger Krawiec, ACS, personal communication to Maria Hewitt, Institute of Medicine, April 11, 2001). Opportunities for support available through ACS are described in Table 8.2.

Some ACS-funded programs have been described in the literature. With funding from an ACS professional education grant, for example, nurses at

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