for Disease Control and Prevention ($500 million of $4,202 million),4 and 14 percent at the ACS. A very limited cancer prevention research portfolio exists within the U.S. Department of Defense’s Congressionally Directed Medical Research Programs.

The spectrum of cancer prevention and research activity appears to be wide, but notably absent was much applied cancer-related research related to obesity and physical activity. More research in this area is needed in light of the emergence of an epidemic of obesity in the United States. Specific recommendations for research are outlined in Chapter 11.


This estimate includes the following chronic disease prevention and health promotion areas: cancer prevention and control; tobacco; nutrition, physical activity, and obesity; health promotion; and the youth media Campaign (see Table 10.3).

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