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  • Develop programs and policies to ensure that school, district, and state administrators who are responsible for shaping instructional programs provide the human and material resources necessary for their implementation at the school, district, and state levels.

  • Develop programs and policies to ensure that all those involved in preservice preparation of teachers and responsible for in-service or professional development programs have a sufficient understanding of content, curriculum, teaching, and learning.

  • Discussion about these suggestions can be found in some of the documents discussed in later chapters of this report. For example, both Before It's Too Late and Adding It Up provide recommendations about teacher preparation.

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