Page ix

CONTENTS

1     Introduction 1
2     What Should We Teach? 5
    Principles and Standards for School Mathematics, developed by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 2000
3     How Should We Teach? 10
    Adding It Up: Helping Children Learn Mathematics, developed by the National Research Council's Mathematics Learning Study Committee, 2001
    How People Learn: Brain, Mind, Experience, and School, developed by the National Research Council's Committee on Developments in the Science of Learning and the Committee on Learning Research and Educational Practice, 2000
4     What Preparation and Support Do Teachers Need? 19
    Before It's Too Late: A Report to the Nation from the National Commission on Mathematics and Science Teaching for the 21 st Century, chartered by the United States Secretary of Education, 2000
    Educating Teachers of Science, Mathematics, and Technology: New Practices for the New Millennium, developed by the National Research Council's Committee on Science and Mathematics Teacher Preparation, 2001
    The Mathematical Education of Teachers, developed by the Conference Board of the Mathematical Sciences, 2001
5     How Do We Know That What We Are Doing Is Working? 30
    High Stakes: Testing for Tracking, Promotion, and Graduation, developed by the National Research Council's Committee on Appropriate Test Use, 1999
6     What Must Change? 35
    Every Child Mathematically Proficient: An Action Plan of the Learning First Alliance, 1998


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