require a very high level of scientific certainty or probability, he said, exceeding likelier than not, would change the substantive law of torts. Similarly, requiring a 95 percent level of confidence that a probability estimate demonstrate an effect is an arbitrary custom chosen for the research community, but it is not necessarily dispositive in risk cases.
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As of 2013, the National Science Education Standards have been replaced by the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), available as a print book, free PDF download, and online with our OpenBook platform.
The NGSS offer a detailed description of the key scientific ideas and practices that all students should learn by the time they graduate from high school. The standards are based largely on the 2011 National Research Council report A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas.