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The Missouri River Ecosystem: Exploring the Prospects for Recovery Appendixes

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The Missouri River Ecosystem: Exploring the Prospects for Recovery This page in the original is blank.

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The Missouri River Ecosystem: Exploring the Prospects for Recovery Appendix A Missouri River Aquatic Species TABLE 1 Listing of the Most Numerous Aquatic Insects Collected from the Missouri River in Nebraska Using Hester-Dendy Artificial Substrate Samplers, Dredges, and Plankton Nets from 1983 Through 1986, and Their Preferred Habitat Taxa Trophic group Habitat Ephemeroptera Family Ephemeridae Hexagenia Collector-gatherer Backup, chute, soft Ephemera Collector-gatherer-predator Backup, marsh Pentagenia Collector-gatherer Chute, channel, hard Family Polymitarcyidae Ephoron Collector-gatherer Chute, channel, clay Tortopus Channel border, clay   Family Oligoneuriidae Homoeoneuria Collector-filterer Channel, sandbar Family Tricorythidae Tricorythodes Collector-gatherer Channel, chute, sand Family Caenidae Caenis Collector-gatherer-scraper Chute, channel border Brachycercus Collector-gatherer Channel, chute, sand Family Heptageniidae Heptagenia Scraper-collector-gatherer Channel border, chute Pseudiron Predator-engulfer Channel sandbars Stenonema Scraper-collector-gatherer Chute, backup, pools Stenocron Scraper-collector-gatherer Channel border, chute Anepeorus Predator Channel, chute, borders

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The Missouri River Ecosystem: Exploring the Prospects for Recovery Taxa Trophic group Habitat Family Leptophlebiidae Leptophlebia Collector-gatherer Backup, marsh, pool Paraleptophlebia Shredder-detritivore Channel, chute, backup Family Siphlonuridae Isonychia Collector Channel, channel border Family Baetidae Baetis Collector-gatherer-scraper Channel, chute, sandbar Pseudocleon Scrapers Channel, chute, sandbar Centroptilum Collector-gatherer-scraper Pool, backup, sandbar Heterocloeon Scraper Channel, channel border Callibaetis Collector-gatherer Backup, marsh, puddle Dactylobaetis Scraper Backup, marsh, sand Family Baetiscidae Baetisca Collector-gatherer-scraper Chute, border, sandbar Family Emhemerellidae Ephemerella Collector-gatherer-scraper Chute, backup, marsh Trichoptera Family Hydropsychidae Hydropsyche Collector-filterer Chute, channel borders Potamyia Collector-filterer Chute, channel borders Cheumatopsyche Collector-filterer Chute, channel borders Family Polycentropodidae Neuroclipsis Shredder-herbivore Chute, backup, marsh Nyctiophylax Predator-collector-filterer off channel habitat Cyrnellus Collector-filterer off channel habitat Family Hydroptilidae Mayatrichia Scraper   Hydroptila Piercer-herbivore Backwater borders Agraylea Piercer-herbivore Backwater borders Family Leptoceridae Ceraclea Collector-gatherer All aquatic habitat Nectopsyche Shredder-herbivore Chute, backup, borders Triaenodes Shredder-herbivore Backup, marsh, puddle Family Limnephilidae Pycnopsyche Shredder-detritivore Chute, backup, puddle Family Philiopotamidae Wormaldia Collector-filterer Channel, chute Family Brachycentridae Brachycentrus Collector-filterer Channel, chute Diptera Family Chironomidae Collector-gatherer-filter All aquatic habitats Family Tipulidae Shredder-detritivore All aquatic habitats Family Tephritidae     Family Tabanidae Predator Backup, marsh, puddle Family Chaobordiae Predator-engulfer Backup, marsh, puddle Family Culicidae Collector-filterer-gatherer Backup, marsh, puddle

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The Missouri River Ecosystem: Exploring the Prospects for Recovery Taxa Trophic group Habitat Family Simuliidae Collector-filterer Chute, channel Family Mycetophilidae     Family Ceratopogonidae Predator-gatherer Backup, marsh, puddle Family Muscidae Predator All aquatic habitats Family Tachinidae     Family Stratiomiyidae Collector-gatherer Backup, marsh, puddle Family Agromyzidae     Family Cecidomyidae     Family Empididae Predator off channel habitat Family Sciaridae     Family Dolichopodidae     Family Psychodidae Collector-gatherer Backup, marsh, puddle Family Ephydridae Collector-gatherer Backup, marsh, puddle Family Phoridae Predator   Plecoptera Family Perlidae     Acroneuria Predator Channel, chute, borders Family Perlodidae Isoperla Predator Channel, chute, borders Perlinella     Perlesta     Family Taeniopterygidae Shredder-detritivore Channel, chute, borders Odonata Family Coenagrionidae Argia Predator off channel habitat Ischnura Predator Chute, backup, marsh Coenagrion Predator off channel habitat Agrion Predator off channel habitat Enallagma Predator Backup, marsh, puddle Family Gomphidae Gomphus Predator Backup, marsh, puddle Family Libellulidae Predator Oxbow, puddle Family Lestidae Lestes Predator Backup, marsh, puddle Family Aeshinidae Predator Backup, marsh, puddle Family Calopterygidae Agrion Predator Chute Coleoptera Family Halipidae Shredder-herbivore Backup, marsh, puddle Family Dytiscidae Predator Backup, marsh, puddle Family Gyrinidae Predator off channel habitat Family Dryopidae Scraper-collector-gatherer Chute, channel, sandbar Family Curculionidae Shredder-herbivore Backup, marsh, puddle Family Helodidae Shredder-herbivore Oxbow, puddle, marsh Family Hydrophilidae Predator All aquatic habitats

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The Missouri River Ecosystem: Exploring the Prospects for Recovery Taxa Trophic group Habitat Family Staphylinidae Predator Sandbar, dune Family Elmidae Collector-gatherer-scraper Chute, channel, sandbar Family Heteroceridae Predator Sandbar, dune Family Carabidae Predator   Family Chrysomelidae Shredder-herbivore Backup, marsh, puddle Family Coccinellidae     Hemiptera Family Corixidae Piercer All aquatic habitats Family Lygaeidae     Family Nabidae     Family Aradidae     Family Tingitidae     Family Mesoveliidae Predator Backup, marsh, oxbow Family Cicadellidae     Family Coreidae     Family Naucoridae Predator Backup, marsh, oxbow Family Pleidae Predator Oxbow, puddle, marsh Family Notonectidae Predator Backup, marsh, oxbow Family Saldidae Predator Backup, marsh, oxbow Family Gerridae Predator All aquatic habitats Family Hebridae Predator Backup, marsh, oxbow Lepidoptera Family Pyralidae Scraper-shredder-herbivore off channel habitat Homoptera Family Aphididae Herbivore Terrestrial-incidental Family Cicadellidae Herbivore Terrestrial-incidental Family Ceropidae Herbivore Terrestrial-incidental Family Delphacidae Herbivore Terrestrial-incidental Family Aleyrodidae Herbivore Terrestrial-incidental Hymenoptera Family Formicidae Parasitic Terrestrial-incidental Family Eurytomidae Parasitic Terrestrial-incidental Family Pteromalidae Parasitic Terrestrial-incidental Family Braconidae Parasitic Terrestrial-incidental

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The Missouri River Ecosystem: Exploring the Prospects for Recovery TABLE 2 Unionid mollusks collected recently from four river basins in eastern Nebraska draining into the Missouri River, and the Missouri River Elkhorn River Platte River Big and Little Nemaha Rivers Missouri River Anodonta imbecillis Anodonta imbecillis Anodonta imbecillis   Anodonta g. grandis Anodonta g. grandis Anodonta g. grandis Anodonta g. grandis       Anodonta g. corpulenta       Anodonta suborbiculata Anodontoides ferussacianus Anodontoides ferussacianus Anodontoides ferussacianus   Strophitus u. undulatus Strophitus u. undulatus Strophitus u. undulatus   Arcidens confragosus   Arcidens confragosus   Lasmigona complanata Lasmigona complanata Lasmigona complanata Lasmigona complanata Lasmigona compressa   Lasmigona compressa   Tritogonia verrucosa   Tritogonia verrucosa Tritogonia verrucosa Quadrula quadrula Quadrula quadrula Quadrula quadrula Quadrula quadrula   Quadrula p. pustulosa Quadrula p. pustulosa   Amblema p. plicata   Amblema p. plicata   Fusconaia flava Fusconaia flava Fusconaia flava   Uniomerus tetralasmus Uniomerus tetralasmus Uniomerus tetralasmus   Actinonaias ligamentina carinata   Actinonaias ligamentina carinata  

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The Missouri River Ecosystem: Exploring the Prospects for Recovery Elkhorn River Platte River Big and Little Nemaha Rivers Missouri River Obovaria olivaria   Obovaria olivaria   Truncilla truncata   Truncilla truncata Truncilla truncata Truncilla donaciformis   Truncilla donaciformis   Leptodea fragilis Leptodea fragilis Leptodea fragilis Leptodea fragilis       Leptodea leptodon Potamilus alatus Potamilus alatus Potamilus alatus   Potamilus purpuratus       Potamilus ohiensis Potamilus ohiensis Potamilus ohiensis Potamilus ohiensis Toxolasma parvus Toxolasma parvus Toxolasma parvus   Ligumia recta   Ligumia recta   Ligumia subrostrata Ligumia subrostrata Ligumia subrostrata   Lampsilis teres f. teres Lampsilis teres f. teres Lampsilis teres f. teres Lampsilis teres f. teres Lampsilis teres f. anodontoides   Lampsilis teres f. anodontoides   Lampsilis radiata luteola Lampsilis radiata luteola Lampsilis radiata luteola   Lampsilis ventricosa Lampsilis ventricosa Lampsilis ventricosa     Corbicula fluminea       Elliptio dilatata    

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The Missouri River Ecosystem: Exploring the Prospects for Recovery TABLE 3 Gastropoda and Bivalvia Molluscs Collected in 1855-1857 by Hayden During the Warren Expedition Mollusc taxa Mollusc taxa Unio alatus Unio levississimus Unio luteolus Unio asperimus Unio rectus Unio elegans Unio zizzag Unio anadontoides Magaritana complanata Anadonta ferussaciana Lymnea elodes Lymnea nuttalliana Lymnea humilis Lymnea haydeni Lymnea kirtlandiana Lymnea umbrosa Lymnea lubricoides Lymnea philadelphica Planorbis bicarinatus Planorbis trivolvis Planorbis lentus Planorbis parvus Planorbis campanulatus Physa heterostropha Physa integra Physa elongata Physa ampularia Psidium sp. Cyclas sp. Daphnia sp. Amnicola porata Amnicola lapidaria

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The Missouri River Ecosystem: Exploring the Prospects for Recovery TABLE 4 Fish species of the Missouri River and Its Floodplain with Preferred Habitat, Present Status, and Distribution and reference Ichthyomyzon castaneus, Sandbar depositional, Increasing exotic, MO-KS-NE, 5 Acipenser fulvescens, Sandbar, Rare and decreasing, MO-NE-SD, 2 Scaphirhynchus albus, Sandbar depositional, Listed and decreasing, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD-ND-MT, 2 S. platorynchus, Sandbar depositional, Stable to decreasing, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT, 2 Polyodon spathula, Sandbar-Oxbow, Stable to decreasing, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD-ND-MT, 2 Lepisosteus osseus, Backups Marshes, Decreasing, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD-ND, 3 L. platostomus, Backups Marshes, Decreasing, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD-ND-MT, 3 Anguilla rostrata, Large snags Channel borders, Rare, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD, 1 Alosa alabamae, Main channel Snags, Rare, MO, 4 A. chrysochloris, Main channel, Rare, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD, 4 Dorosoma cepedianum, Backups Marshes, Stable to increasing, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD, 4-5 Hiodon alosoides, Sandbar pool Main channel, Stable to declining, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT, 4-11 H. tergisus, Sandbar pool, Rare and declining, MO-NE, 5 Coregonus artedii, Reservoir, Exotic, SD-ND-MT. Onchorhynchus kisutch, Reservoir, Exotic, NE-SD-ND-MT. Onchorhynchus nerka, Reservoir, Exotic, SD-ND-MT. Prosopium gemmiferum, Reservoir, Exotic, SD-ND. Salmo aguabonita, Reservoir, Exotic, MT. Salmo clarki, Reservoir, Exotic, WY-SD-MT. Salmo gairdneri, Reservoir, Exotic, MO-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT. Salmo trutta, Reservoir, Exotic, MO-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT. Salvelinus fontanalis, Reservoir, Exotic, NE-WY-MT. Salvelinus namaycush, Reservoir, Exotic, SD-ND,MT. Thymallus arcticus, Reservoir, Exotic, WY-SD-ND-MT. Osmerus mordax, Reservoir, Exotic, NE-SD-ND. Esox americanus, Backups Marshes, Uncommon, MO-NE, 7 E. lucius, Chutes Flowing Marshes, Increasing to reduced, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD-ND-MT, 12-7 E. masquinongy, Reservoir-Tailwater, Exotic, MO-NE-SD. Carassius auratus, Backups Marshes, Exotic, MO-KS-NE-SD-ND-MT. Cyprinus carpio, Main channel Backups Marshes, Exotic, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT. Hybognathus hankinsoni, Sandbar, Uncommon, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT, 1 H. nuchalis, Sandbar depositional, Uncommon, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT, 1 H. placitus, Sandbar depositional-Channels, Uncommon, MO-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT, 3 H. argyritis, Backups sandbar-depositional, Uncommon, MO-KS-NE-SD-ND-MT, 3 Macrhybopsis aestivalis, Sandbar Main channel, Increasing to decreasing, MO-IA-KS-NE, 5-6 M. gelida, Sandbar Main channel, Rare, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT, 3-6 M. meeki, Sandbar Main channel, Rare, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD-ND-MT, 6 M. storeriana, Backups, Reduced, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD, 6 Notemigonus crysoleucas, Backups Marshes, Uncommon, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD-ND-MT, 1 Notropis atherinoides, Sandbar Main channel, Increasing, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD-ND-MT, 3-5

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The Missouri River Ecosystem: Exploring the Prospects for Recovery N. blennius, Main channel margins, Increasing to reduced, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD, 5-3 N. buchanani, Backups, Stable to increasing, MO-KS, 5 N. dorsalis, Chute sandbars, Reduced, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD, 3 N. hudsonius, Gravel bars Backups Reservoirs, Stable-exotic, IA-NE-SD-ND-MT. N. lutrensis, Backups Marshes Sandbars, Stable to increasing, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND, 5 N. spilopterus, Sandbar Main channel, Increasing non-native, MO-IA-NE-SD. N. stramineus, Sandbar, Stable to decreasing, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT, 5 N. volucellus, Sandbar Main channel, Stable, MO, 5 Pimephales notatus, Backups Marshes, Stable to increasing, MO-KS-IA-NE, 5 P. promelas, Sandbar depositional Backup, Stable to increasing, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT, 5 Ctenopharyngodon idella, Backups Marshes Main channels, Increasing exotic, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD. Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, Backups Marshes Main channels , Increasing exotic, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD. Hypophthalmichthys nobilis, Backups Marshes Main channels , Increasing exotic, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD. Carpiodes carpio, Backups Main channels, Stable to decreasing, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT, 5 Carpiodes cyprinus, Backups Main channels, Uncommon, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND, 7 Carpiodes velifer, Backups, Main channels, Uncommon, MO-IA-KS-NE, 7 Cycleptus elongatus, Main channel Chutes Large snags, Stable to declining, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD-ND-MT, 3-4 Ictiobus bubalus, Backups Marshes, Reduced and declining, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD-ND-MT, 7 I. cyprinellus, Backups Marshes, Reduced and declining, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD-ND-MT, 5-7 I. niger, Backups Main channel, Uncommon to rare, MO-IA-KS-NE, 7 Moxostoma macrolepidotum, Rock, Main channel Chute, Stable, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT, 7 Moxostoma erythrurum, Rock Pools Turbidity, Uncommon, MO-IA-KS-N, 7 Ictalurus furcatus, Main channel Large snags, Reduced to uncommon, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD, 8 I. melas, Backups Marshes, Reduced, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT, 5 I. natalis, Backups Marshes, Reduced, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD-ND-MT, 7 I. punctatus, All habitats, Stable, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT, 7 Noturus flavus, Rock Main channel margins, Unknown, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT. N. gyrinus, Depositional Backups, Unknown, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD-ND. Pylodictis olivaris, Main Channel Large snags, Stable to declining, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD, 8 Lota lota, Main channel Large snags, Rare, MO-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT, 9 Fundulus kansae, Backups Sandbar Main channel, Reduced, MO-KS-NE-WY, 1 F. notatus, Backups Sandbar, Increasing-exotic, MO-KS. Gambusia affinis, Backups, Stable-exotic, MO-KS. Labidesthes sicculus, Pool, Common to rare, MO-NE, 1-7 Morone chrysops, Sandbar pools, Stable-exotic, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD-ND. M. mississippiensis, Backups, Uncommon, MO, 1 Ambloplites rupestris, Rock Large snags, Stable, MO-IA-NE-WY-SD-MT, 7 Lepomis cyanellus, Backups, Uncommon, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT, 7

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The Missouri River Ecosystem: Exploring the Prospects for Recovery L. gibbosus, Backups, Rare, MO-IA-NE-WY-ND-MT, 7 L. humulis, Backups, Uncommon, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD-ND, 7 L. macrochirus, Backups, Reduced, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT, 5 Micropterus dolomieui, Rock, Increasing-exotic, NE-SD. M. punctulatus, Main channels, Rare to stable, MO-KS-NE, 5 M. salmoides, Backups, Reduced, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT, 7 Pomoxis annularis, Backups, Stable to decreasing, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT, 5-7-11 P. nigromaculatus, Backups, Stable to decreasing, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT, 7-11 Etheostoma nigrum, Backups, Reduced, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND, 7 Perca flavescens, Backups, Stable to declining, IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT, 7-11 Stizostedion canadense, All river habitats, Reduced and declining, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT, 5-10 S. vitreum, Sandbar pools Reservoir, Stable but mostly non-native, MO-IA-KS-NE-WY-SD-ND-MT. Aplodinotus grunniens, Sandbar pools Main channels, Stable to increeasing, MO-IA-KS-NE-SD-ND-MT, 5 NOTES: 1. Pflieger (1975), 2. Hesse and Carreiro (1997), 3. Hesse et.al. (1993), 4. Hesse et.al. (1989), 5. Pflieger and Grace (1987), 6. Hesse (1994a), 7. Hesse (1983-1993), 8. Hesse (1994c), 9. Hesse (1994d), and 10. Hesse (1994b), 11. Hendrickson and Power (1999), 12. Hill et.al. (1997)