TABLE 4–2 Case 1: Cost -Efficient Fuel Economy (FE) Analysis for 14—Year Payback (12% Discount Rate)a

 

Low Cost/High mpg

Average

High Cost/Low mpg

Vehicle Class

Base mpgb

Base Adjustedc

FE mpg, (%)

Cost ($)

Savings ($)

FE mpg, (%)

Cost ($)

Savings ($)

FE mpg, (%)

Cost ($)

Savings ($)

Cars

Subcompact

31.3

30.2

38.0(21)

588

1,018

35.1 (12)

502

694

31.7(1)

215

234

Compact

30.1

29.1

37.1 (23)

640

1,121

34.3 (14)

561

788

31.0(3)

290

322

Midsize

27.1

26.2

35.4(31)

854

1,499

32.6 (20)

791

1,140

29.5 (9)

554

651

Large

24.8

23.9

34.0(37)

1,023

1,859

31.4 (27)

985

1,494

28.6 (15)

813

1,023

Light trucks

Small SUVs

24.1

23.3

32.5 (35)

993

1,833

30.0(25)

959

1,460

27.4(14)

781

974

Mid SUVs

21.0

20.3

30.2(44)

1,248

2,441

28.0(34)

1,254

2,057

25.8 (23)

1,163

1,589

Large SUVs

17.2

16.6

25.7 (49)

1,578

3,198

24.5 (42)

1,629

2,910

23.2 (35)

1,643

2,589

Minivans

23.0

22.2

32.0 (39)

1,108

2,069

29.7 (29)

1,079

1,703

27.3 (19)

949

1,259

Small pickups

23.2

22.4

32.3 (39)

1,091

2,063

29.9 (29)

1,067

1,688

27.4(18)

933

1,224

Large pickups

18.5

17.9

27.4 (48)

1,427

2,928

25.5 (38)

1,450

2,531

23.7 (28)

1,409

2,078

a  

Other key assumption: See Table 4–1.

b  

Base is before downward adjustment of –3.5 percent for future safety and emissions standards.

c  

Base after adjustment for future and emissions standards (–3.5 percent).

TABLE 4–3 Case 2: Cost-Efficient Fuel Economy (FE) Analysis for 3—Year Payback (Undiscounted)a

 

Low Cost/High mpg

Average

High Cost/Low mpg

Vehicle Class

Base mpgb

Base Adjustedc

FE mpg, (%)

Cost ($)

Savings ($)

FE mpg, (%)

Cost ($)

Savings ($)

FE mpg, (%)

Cost ($)

Savings ($)

Cars

Subcompact

31.3

30.2

33.3 (6)

180

237

30.3 (–3)

11

11

30.2 (–4)

0

0

Compact

30.1

29.1

32.3 (7)

202

268

29.1 (–2)

29

29

29.1 (–4)

0

0

Midsize

27.1

26.2

29.8 (10)

278

363

26.8 (–1)

72

76

26.2 (–4)

0

0

Large

24.8

23.9

28.2 (14)

363

488

25.4 (3)

173

190

23.9 (–4)

0

0

Light trucks

Small SUVs

24.1

23.3

27.3 (13)

358

492

24.7 (2)

174

193

23.3 (–4)

0

0

Mid SUVs

21.0

20.3

25.0 (19)

497

721

22.7 (8)

341

407

20.3 (–4)

0

0

Large SUVs

17.2

16.6

21.1 (23)

660

992

19.7 (15)

567

740

18.3 (6)

373

424

Minivans

23.0

22.2

26.5 (15)

411

570

24.2 (5)

247

284

22.2 (–4)

0

0

Small pickups

23.2

22.4

26.9 (16)

412

579

24.4 (5)

247

285

22.4 (–4)

0

0

Large pickups

18.5

17.9

22.7 (23)

600

918

20.8 (12)

477

608

18.7 (1)

178

189

a  

Other key assumption: See Table 4–1.

b  

Base is before downward adjustment of –3.5 percent for future and emissions standards.

c  

Base after adjustment for future safety and emissions standards (–3.5 percent).



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TABLE 4–2 Case 1: Cost -Efficient Fuel Economy (FE) Analysis for 14—Year Payback (12% Discount Rate)a   Low Cost/High mpg Average High Cost/Low mpg Vehicle Class Base mpgb Base Adjustedc FE mpg, (%) Cost ($) Savings ($) FE mpg, (%) Cost ($) Savings ($) FE mpg, (%) Cost ($) Savings ($) Cars Subcompact 31.3 30.2 38.0(21) 588 1,018 35.1 (12) 502 694 31.7(1) 215 234 Compact 30.1 29.1 37.1 (23) 640 1,121 34.3 (14) 561 788 31.0(3) 290 322 Midsize 27.1 26.2 35.4(31) 854 1,499 32.6 (20) 791 1,140 29.5 (9) 554 651 Large 24.8 23.9 34.0(37) 1,023 1,859 31.4 (27) 985 1,494 28.6 (15) 813 1,023 Light trucks Small SUVs 24.1 23.3 32.5 (35) 993 1,833 30.0(25) 959 1,460 27.4(14) 781 974 Mid SUVs 21.0 20.3 30.2(44) 1,248 2,441 28.0(34) 1,254 2,057 25.8 (23) 1,163 1,589 Large SUVs 17.2 16.6 25.7 (49) 1,578 3,198 24.5 (42) 1,629 2,910 23.2 (35) 1,643 2,589 Minivans 23.0 22.2 32.0 (39) 1,108 2,069 29.7 (29) 1,079 1,703 27.3 (19) 949 1,259 Small pickups 23.2 22.4 32.3 (39) 1,091 2,063 29.9 (29) 1,067 1,688 27.4(18) 933 1,224 Large pickups 18.5 17.9 27.4 (48) 1,427 2,928 25.5 (38) 1,450 2,531 23.7 (28) 1,409 2,078 a   Other key assumption: See Table 4–1. b   Base is before downward adjustment of –3.5 percent for future safety and emissions standards. c   Base after adjustment for future and emissions standards (–3.5 percent). TABLE 4–3 Case 2: Cost-Efficient Fuel Economy (FE) Analysis for 3—Year Payback (Undiscounted)a   Low Cost/High mpg Average High Cost/Low mpg Vehicle Class Base mpgb Base Adjustedc FE mpg, (%) Cost ($) Savings ($) FE mpg, (%) Cost ($) Savings ($) FE mpg, (%) Cost ($) Savings ($) Cars Subcompact 31.3 30.2 33.3 (6) 180 237 30.3 (–3) 11 11 30.2 (–4) 0 0 Compact 30.1 29.1 32.3 (7) 202 268 29.1 (–2) 29 29 29.1 (–4) 0 0 Midsize 27.1 26.2 29.8 (10) 278 363 26.8 (–1) 72 76 26.2 (–4) 0 0 Large 24.8 23.9 28.2 (14) 363 488 25.4 (3) 173 190 23.9 (–4) 0 0 Light trucks Small SUVs 24.1 23.3 27.3 (13) 358 492 24.7 (2) 174 193 23.3 (–4) 0 0 Mid SUVs 21.0 20.3 25.0 (19) 497 721 22.7 (8) 341 407 20.3 (–4) 0 0 Large SUVs 17.2 16.6 21.1 (23) 660 992 19.7 (15) 567 740 18.3 (6) 373 424 Minivans 23.0 22.2 26.5 (15) 411 570 24.2 (5) 247 284 22.2 (–4) 0 0 Small pickups 23.2 22.4 26.9 (16) 412 579 24.4 (5) 247 285 22.4 (–4) 0 0 Large pickups 18.5 17.9 22.7 (23) 600 918 20.8 (12) 477 608 18.7 (1) 178 189 a   Other key assumption: See Table 4–1. b   Base is before downward adjustment of –3.5 percent for future and emissions standards. c   Base after adjustment for future safety and emissions standards (–3.5 percent).

OCR for page 24
FIGURE 4–5 Passenger car fuel economy cost curves from selected studies. FIGURE 4–6 Light-truck fuel economy cost curves from selected studies.