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Scientific and Medical of Aspects: Human Reproductive Cloning
tion, especially through public opinion, social pressure, or moral or ethical considerations; severe disapproval [of something].”
Moratorium: “A suspension of activity; a temporary ban on the use or production of something.”
In developing its responses to those questions, the panel (see Appendix A) gathered and studied a large bibliography of scientific, veterinary, and medical literature (see Appendix B) and held 12 weekly conference calls for discussion. The panel also held a workshop on August 7, 2001, to hear testimony from and question some of the world’s foremost experts in embryology, animal cloning, assisted reproductive technologies, and associated public-policy issues (see Appendix C for the workshop agenda). Scientists who are now conducting research concerned with stem cells and those who plan to undertake reproductive cloning to create children also participated in the workshop. A transcript and sound files of the presentations at the meeting are available at the panel’s Web site (www.nationalacademies.org/humancloning).
ORGANIZATION OF THIS REPORT
Chapter 2 provides a basic introduction to cloning and its relation to stem cell research. Chapter 3 is an overview of the state of the science of animal cloning and a summary of its possible application to humans. Chapter 4 reviews the panel’s understanding of relevant assisted reproductive technologies. Chapter 5 describes the plans of those who wish to clone humans and provides the current policy and regulatory context. Chapter 6 contains the panel’s findings and recommendations.
1. WILMUT I, SCHNIEKE AE, MCWHIR J, KIND AJ, CAMPBELL KH. Viable offspring derived from fetal and adult mammalian cells.Nature 1997 Feb 27, 385(6619): 810-3.
2. NATIONAL BIOETHICS ADVISORY COMMISSION. Cloning Human Beings, Volume I: Report and Recommendations of the National Bioethics Advisory Commission. Rockville, MD. 1997 Jun. Online at: http://bioethics.gov/pubs/cloning1/cloning.pdf.