Appendix C
Acronyms


AE

alcohol ethoxylate

AEA

Short for a company called AEA Technology

AMOP

Arctic and Marine Oilspill Program

APE

alkylphenol ethoxylates

API

American Petroleum Institute measurement unit

ASTM

American Society of Testing and Materials


BAC

Bitor America Corporation

Bitor

Bitúmenes Orinoco, SA

BTEX

benzene, toulene, ethyl benzene, and xylenes

BTU

british thermal unit


CFT

Clean Fuels Technology

COSAP

Comparative Oil/Orimulsion Spill Assessment Program


DESMI

Name of a pump skimmer manufacturer

DOE

Department of Energy


EIA

Energy Information Administration

EO

ethylene oxide

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency


FAF

Forced Adhesion and Floatation



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 104
Spills of Emulsified Fuels: Risks and Response Appendix C Acronyms AE alcohol ethoxylate AEA Short for a company called AEA Technology AMOP Arctic and Marine Oilspill Program APE alkylphenol ethoxylates API American Petroleum Institute measurement unit ASTM American Society of Testing and Materials BAC Bitor America Corporation Bitor Bitúmenes Orinoco, SA BTEX benzene, toulene, ethyl benzene, and xylenes BTU british thermal unit CFT Clean Fuels Technology COSAP Comparative Oil/Orimulsion Spill Assessment Program DESMI Name of a pump skimmer manufacturer DOE Department of Energy EIA Energy Information Administration EO ethylene oxide EPA Environmental Protection Agency FAF Forced Adhesion and Floatation

OCR for page 104
Spills of Emulsified Fuels: Risks and Response HMRAD Hazardous Materials Response and Assessment Division LAPIO Low API oil, where API (above) is a measuring unit LAS linear alkyl benzene sulfonate LC-MS Liquid Chromatograph-Mass Spectrometer LOEC Lowest-Observed-Effects Concentration MAH Monocyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon(s) MEA monoethanolamine MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology MSRC Marine Spill Response Corporation NAE National Academy of Engineering NFPA National Fire Protection Association NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA/HZMAT National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Hazardous Materials Response Division NOEC No Observable Effect Concentration NPE alkyl phenyl ethoxylate NPE nonylphenol ethoxylate NRC National Research Council OPA-90 Oil Pollution Act of 1990 OPA Oil Pollution Act of 1990 OPRU Oil Pollution Research Unit OSRL Oil Spill Response Limited (has since changed its name to OSSC) OSSC Oil Spill Service Center PAHS polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons PDVSA Petroleos de Venezuela, SA PEG polyethylene glycols SMART Surveillance and Monitoring for Alternative Response Technology SPM suspended particular material TSCA Toxic Substances Control Act URD Underwater Remote Detection USCG United States Coast Guard

OCR for page 104
Spills of Emulsified Fuels: Risks and Response VKI Name of consulting firm in Hørsholm, Denmark WAF water accommodated fraction WSF water-soluble fractions WSL Warren Springs Laboratory (since changed name to AEA Technology)