theoretical models of reciprocity and fairness, 159–163

theoretical predictions, 163–176

Arctic Council, 308

Arctic Environmental Protection Strategy (AEPS), 280

Artisanal practices, 266

Assurance game, 12, 28n

Asymmetric equilibria, with inequity-averse subjects, 168, 188–190

Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission, 343

Atmosphere, global, 19

greenhouse gases released into, 3, 24

Authority rules, 98

B

Baland, facilitating conditions for institutional sustainability identified by, 54–55

Bandwidth, broadcasting, 22–23

Bangladesh Department of Fisheries, 305–306

Barbed wire, example of exclusion, 57

Barents Sea, 281–282

Bargaining power, of users, 15

Baseline issue, in design of tradable permits, 204

Behavior

explanation of, 38

prediction of, 37–38

Beneficiaries, impossibility of excluding, 19–20

Benefits, unfair distribution of, 66

Bering Sea, 275–276, 281–283

doughnut hole, 287n

Fishery Conservation Zone in, 275

Bering Sea Community Development Program, 210

Beverly-Qamanirjuaq Caribou Co-Management Board (Canada), 301, 303

Biases, in cultural evolution, 410

Biodiversity

loss of, 24

threats to, 23

Biological species, as resources, 22

Biophysical environment, as a sink, 29n

Biosphere, concern with, 28n

Boundary rules, 98

British North America Act, 267

Broadcasting bandwidth, 22–23

Bush, President George W., 73n

Bycatch, 213

Bycatch discard, 213

C

CAFF. See Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna

California water shortage, 131, 138, 203

CAMPFIRE program (Zimbabwe), 251

Canadian North, fur trade in, 297–298

Canal networks, 99–100

Capacity, in interplay between international and national environmental regimes, 276–279

Case study research, roles of, 467

Cattle herds, 56

Causal analysis, 67–68, 447–451

knowledge about processes and mechanisms, 458–459

links for institutional sustainability, illustrative sets of, 69–70

paths describing hypothesized effects of wealth or wealth inequality on the maintenance of common-pool resources, 448

Causal models

development and testing of, 468

specifying carefully, 66

Causation

contingent and multiple, 67

of perceptual factors influencing cooperation in commons dilemmas, 137–139

proximate, 408

in situated rational choice, determining, 367–369

ultimate, 408

CBMRs. See Community-based management regimes

CFCs. See Chlorofluorocarbons

Change

demographic, 477

global social, 476–477

in social and environmental conditions, adapting to, 466

technological, 477

Cheating, 143, 174, 388

Checkers, and learning in complex adaptive systems, 337–340

Chicken, game of, 12, 28n



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