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policy recommendations. Santa Cruz, CA The
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OCR for page 255

National Center for Education Statistics. (1996~.
Pa~rs?`ing excellence: A study of U.S. eighth-grade
mathematics and science teaching, learning,
ca~rric?`l?`m, and achievement in international
context. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of
Education.
National Center for Education Statistics. (2000~.
The condition of education 2000. Washington,
DC: U.S. Department of Education.
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.
(1989~. Ca~rric?`l?`m and evaluation standards for
teaching school mathematics. Reston, VA: Author.
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.
(1991~. Professional standards for teaching
mathematics. Reston, VA: Author.
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.
(1995~. Assessment standards for school math-
ematics. Reston, VA: Author.
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.
(2000~. Principles and standards for school
mathematics. Reston, VA: Author.
National Research Council. (1996~. From analysis
to action: Undergraduate education in science,
mathematics, engineering, and technology. Center
for Science, Mathematics, and Engineering
Education. Washington, DC: National Academy
Press.
National Research Council. (2001~. Knowing and
learning mathematics for teaching. Mathematics
Teacher Preparation Content Workshop Steering
Committee, Center for Education, Division of
Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education.
Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
National Science Foundation. (1998). Shaping the
future. Arlington, VA: Author.
National Science Foundation. (2000~. Observations
on science and mathematics teacher education in
Japan. Tokyo, Japan: National Science Founda-
tion Tokyo Regional Office.
Okabe, T. (1999~. The university student who can't
do fractions. Tokyo, Japan: Toyo Keizai Shinpo
Sha.
Okabe, T. (2000~. The university student who can't
do decimals. Tokyo, Japan: Toyo Keizai Shinpo
Sha.
A P P E N D I X M
Polya, G. (1952~. How to solve it. Princeton, NJ:
Princeton University Press.
Polya, G. (1963~. On learning, teaching, and
learning teaching. American Mathematical
Monthly, 70, 605-619.
Porter, R., Desimone, L, Herman, R., and Yoon, K.S.
(1999~. Designing effective professional develop-
ment: Lessons from the Eisenhower Program.
Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education.
Post, T. R., Harel, G., Behr, M. J., and Lesh, R.
(1991~. Intermediate teachers' knowledge of
rational number concepts. In E. Fennema, T. P.
Carpenter, and S. J. Lamon (Eds.), Integrating
research on teaching and learning mathematics
(pp.194-21n. New York: SUNY Press.
Riley, R. W. (2000, February). Setting new expecta-
tions. Paper presented at the Seventh Annual
State of American Education address, Southern
High School, Durham, NC.
Schifter, D. (1998~. Learning mathematics for
teaching: From a teachers' seminar to the
classroom. .Ioa~rnal of Mathematics Teacher
Education, 1(1) 55-87.
Schifter, D., Bastable, V., and Russell, S. J. (with
Yaffe, L, Lester, J. B., and Cohen, S.) (1999~.
Developing mathematical ideas, number and
operations part 2: Making meaning for operations
casebook. Parsippany, NJ: Dale Seymour.
Shields, P.M., Esch, C.E., Humphrey, D.C., Young,
V.M., Gaston, M., and Hunt, H. (1999~. The status
of the teaching profession: Research findings and
policy recommendations. Santa Cruz, CA The
Center for the Future of Teaching and Learning.
Shimahara, N., and Sakai, A. (1995~. Learning to
teach in two ca~lt?`res. New York: Garland.
Shimizu, Y. (2000, August). Discussing multiple
solutions for a problem: How do.lapanese teachers
capitalize on the diversity of students' thinking in
their lessons? Paper presented at the meeting of
The Study of Teaching Practice as a Medium for
Professional Development U.S. - Japan Teacher
Preparation Workshop, Maruhari, Japan.
Shulman,J. (1992~. Case methodsin teacher
education. New York: Teachers College Press.