among the various agencies can thus increase the effectiveness of the total program. In a situation characterized by a shortage of manpower well-grounded in solid state physics, physical chemistry and crystallography, one naturally turns to the university where funds produce not only the needed research but trained manpower as well. In various universities one finds the faculties engaged in planning interdepartmental efforts to establish a new materials science and engineering. One of their problems is the lack of buildings and equipment. There are many research tools such as electron microscopes, electron diffraction units, high temperature furnaces, and x-ray diffraction units, each of which represents a cost of approximately $20,000. In assisting the universities to do more research and to train more first-rate personnel some way must be found to provide support for interdepartmental and interdisciplinary groups, to provide funds for equipment and buildings, and to assure reasonable continuity of support. In addition, there is a need to define objectives which are suitable for the academic environment. It is extremely important that, whenever possible, engineering departments of universities be supported in the applied science aspects of materials in order that the basic work may have a practical significance as soon as possible.

It is also worthwhile to explore the possibility of an information center which would publish information on the latest research and development accomplishments which are of real significance. Such a center could also serve to coordinate the exchange of samples of known purity and physical properties.

The attention to university programs for research and education is of great importance but is only one step in a program to strengthen our national effort in materials. The many Government laboratories, private research institutes, and industrial laboratories also have significant roles to play. Perhaps the Federal Council can aid in planning a well-coordinated program based on the unique capabilities of these various laboratories and institutions, both public and private.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement