chemistry. In addition, rheology and viscoelasticity are its special province. There is plenty of scope for intellectual curiosity and creativity, with many unsolved problems even in the “conventional” parts of the field. In these, as well as in some of the new directions we have noted, there is a high probability that the science will lead to practical results and benefits. However, progress will depend in considerable degree on broad and fundamental knowledge and training in materials science as a whole; as we have illustrated repeatedly, a single type of material no longer stands in total isolation from the others, and the basic disciplines are still fundamental to every aspect of materials science.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

In preparing this review the efforts of numerous others were invaluable, specifically C.M.Guttman, G.T.Davis, L.Smith, and D.Huntston of NBS; M.Jaffe and R.M.Mininni of Celanese Corporation (in cooperation with DARPA and Dow Corning); K.Bowen of MIT; DARPA; R.E.Hefner, consultant to Michigan Molecular Institute; D.J.Meier of MMI; D.W. McCall of AT&T Bell Laboratories; J.T.Quinlivan of Boeing Company; R.S.Porter of the University of Massachusetts; and R.K.Eby of the Johns Hopkins University.

NOTES

1.  

H.-G.Elias, New Commercial Polymers 1969–1975 (Gordon and Breach, New York, 1977); H.-G.Elias and F.Vohwinkel, Neue polymere Werkstoffe für die industrielle Anwendung, 2nd ed. (Hanser, Munich, 1983).

2.  

A.Keller, Philos. Mag. 2, 1171 (1957).

3.  

D.C.Bassett, F.C.Frank, and A.Keller, Philos. Mag. 8, 1753 (1963).

4.  

J.D.Hoffman, G.T.Davis, and J.I.Lauritzen, Jr., in Treatise on Solid State Chemistry, edited by N.B.Hannay (Plenum, New York, 1976), Vol. 3, Chap. 7.

5.  

T.C.Chean and S.Krimm, J.Polym. Sci., Polym. Phys. Ed. 19, 423 (1981); X.Jing and S.Krimm, ibid. 20, 1155 (1982).

6.  

C.M.Guttman, E.A.DiMarzio, and J.D.Hoffman, Polymer 22, 597 (1981).

7.  

D.M.Sadler, “Neutron scattering by crystalline polymers: Molecular conformations and their interpretation,” in Structure of Crystalline Polymers, edited by I.H.Hall (Elsevier, London, 1984), p. 125.

8.  

J.D.Hoffman, L.J.Frolen, G.S.Ross, and J.I.Lauritzen, Jr., J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand., Sect. A 79, 671 (1975).

9.  

R.Eppe, E.W.Fischer, and H.A.Stuart, J. Polym. Sci. 34, 721 (1959).

10.  

H.D.Keith and F.J.Padden, Jr., Polymer 25, 28 (1984).

11.  

A.Keller, University of Bristol (private communication).

12.  

G.C.Claver, Jr., R.Buchdahl, and R.L.Miller, J. Polym. Sci. 20, 202 (1956).

13.  

H.D.Keith and F.J.Padden, Jr., J. Appl. Phys. 35, 1270, 1286 (1964).

14.  

E.J.Clark, National Bureau of Standards (unpublished).

15.  

A.J.Pennings and A.M.Kiel, Kolloid Z.Z. Polym. 205, 160 (1965).

16.  

A.J.Pennings, J.M.A.A.van der Mark, and A.M.Kiel, Kolloid Z.Z. Polym. 237, 336 (1970).



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