TABLE 1 Year of Establishment and Termination of Interdisciplinary Laboratories (IDLs)/Materials Research Laboratories (MRLs)

IDL/MRL University

Year Initiated

Year Terminated

Cornell

1960

 

Pennsylvania

1960

Northwestern

1960

Brown

1961

Chicago

1961

Harvard

1961

Maryland

1961

1977

MIT

1961

 

North Carolina

1961

1978

Purdue

1961

*

Stanford

1961

 

Illinois (Urbana)

1962 (with AEC)

 

Carnegie Mellon

1973

*

Massachusetts (Amherst)

1973

 

Pennsylvania State

1974

1980

Case Western Reserve

1974

*

Ohio State

1982

*

*Materials Research Laboratories at these institutions are being phased out. Materials Research Groups have recently been established at Carnegie Mellon University, Case Western Reserve University, Purdue University, the University of Michigan, Michigan State University, and the University of Texas at Austin.

clear then as it is today that a broad interdisciplinary education was necessary to make progress in materials research, but the farsighted members of the CCMRD did recognize that need. In 1959 they recommended the establishment of interdisciplinary laboratories for materials research to be built on university campuses to carry on research and to train graduate students. Their intention was to foster research in which the pertinent scientific and engineering disciplines would be brought to bear in a collective and cooperative manner on common problem areas in materials science.

The CCMRD recommendation was adopted by the Federal Council for Science and Technology and was assigned to ARPA in June 1959 for execution. During the next three years, 12 IDLs were established, as shown in Table 1. Coincidentally, the Atomic Energy Commission (now the Department of Energy [DOE]) supported analogous laboratories in three universities (University of California, Berkeley; University of Iowa; and University of Illinois), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration followed



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