Alumina

dislocation barriers in, 114

impurities in, 212

incorporation of zirconium oxide into, 235

microelectronics applications, 211

porous, biomedical applications, 239

Aluminosilicates as catalysts, 199–200

Aluminum oxide reinforced with SiC whiskers, 236–238

Aluminum, modulus of, 255–256

American Ceramic Society, 225

American Chemical Society, 20, 166

American Physical Society, 278

Angle-dependent inverse photoemission, 301

Angle-resolved photoemission, 283–284, 289, 298–299

Aperiodic tilings, 155–156

Artificial intelligence, 367

AT&T Holmdel Laboratories, 18

Atom scattering, theoretical effort required to study, 285

Atomic and molecular state changes, advances in, 18–19

Atomic Energy Commission, role in establishing MRLs, 27–29, 36

Auger electron microscopy, applications, 123, 189

Automobiles

ceramic-metal composites in, 212, 351–352

high-strength low-alloy steels in, 54, 56

polymer composites in, 275, 351

Automotive industry

computer-aided and computer-integrated manufacturing in, 353

electronic and information materials applications in, 350–351

near net-shape fabrication processing in, 352

B

Bainite formation theory, 104–105

Baker, William O., 29, 37

Ball milling to produce SiC fibers, 236

Band-gap engineering, 168–169, 292

Bernstein-Kearsley-Zapas theory, 280

Bimetallic catalysts

aggregates of immiscible components as, 191–193

characterization of, 193

complication in studying, 189

highly dispersed clusters, 193–199

osmium-copper supported on silica, 193–197

platinum-iridium dispersed on alumina, 197–199

platinum-rhenium, 199

ruthenium-copper, 191, 193–194, 198

Bioglass, 239

Biology, role in future of materials science, 220–222

Biomaterials, examples of, 221

Biomedical materials

applications of, 216–217

see also Prosthetics, materials used in

Block copolymers

applications, 273

processing and properties of, 45, 271–273

Bock, H., 12

Boron, effect on ductility and strength of polycrystalline alloys, 78–79

Brillouin spectroscopy, 303–304

Brillouin zone, 75, 302–303, 309

Brittle fracture

in alloys, 121–122

hydrogen role in, 124

problems in studying, 125

Brookhaven National Laboratories

management of concurrent research at, 337–338

operating costs for experiments at, 338

synchrotron radiation equipment, 336

Brooks, Harvey, 28

Brown University, 45, 46

Bulk materials

methods for studying order in, 138

new phenomena in, 162–166

C

Calcium phosphates, biomedical applications, 239

California Institute of Technology, 47

Carbon fiber

applications, 15–17

modulus of, 15, 256

production, 207–208

Carnegie Mellon University, 5, 45

Case Western Reserve University, 45

Cast iron, modulus of, 256

Catalysis

in ceramics processing, 205

heterogeneous, 177–178

homogeneous, 177

materials applications of, 215

materials research in, 177–201

outlook for, 201

in petroleum production, 181, 191, 199–200

progress in, 177

specificity in, 178, 191

at surface of a solid, 177–178

Catalysts



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