Modifying the fatty acid composition of animal products can be accomplished. Designed foods include animal products that contain a modified nutrient or health protectant content that directly benefits human health. However, it is not clear how these health protectants impact cell activity and influence disease risk. More research is needed so that in the future health benefit labeling claims can be made and supported for the health protectants and nutraceuticals used to make these new foods.
Some of the first designed foods created could restore the omega-3 fatty acids to the human diet to balance the ratio of n-6 to n-3 fatty acids. Perhaps in the near future CLA will be better understood, and dairy products and red meat CLA levels will be increased to reduce human risk for cancer, heart disease, osteoporosis, and inflammatory diseases. Future designed foods will also involve examining raw materials and modification of nutritionally fortified processed animal products containing new health protectants.