Appendixes



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Access to Research Data in the 21st Century: An Ongoing Dialogue Among Interested Parties - Report of a Workshop Appendixes

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Access to Research Data in the 21st Century: An Ongoing Dialogue Among Interested Parties - Report of a Workshop This page in the original is blank.

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Access to Research Data in the 21st Century: An Ongoing Dialogue Among Interested Parties - Report of a Workshop Appendix A Science, Technology, and Law Panel Cochair: Donald Kennedy (NAS/IOM), Ph.D. (Biology), Harvard, is Bing Professor of Environmental Sciences Emeritus and codirector, Center for Environmental Science and Policy, Institute for International Studies, Stanford University. He is President Emeritus of Stanford University. He also serves as Editor in Chief, Science. He served as Commissioner of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. He was a member of the NAS planning committee that initiated the 1997 Academy Symposium on Science, Technology, and Law. Cochair: Richard A. Merrill (IOM), L.L.B., Columbia University School of Law, is the Daniel Caplin Professor of Law and the Sullivan and Cromwell Research Professor of Law at the University of Virginia Law School. From 1975-1977 he served as Chief Counsel to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. He was Dean of the University of Virginia Law School from 1980 to 1988. Since 1991, he has been special counsel to Covington & Burling. He was a member of the NAS planning committee that initiated the 1997 Academy Symposium on Science, Technology, and Law. Frederick R. Anderson, J.D., Harvard Law School, is a partner at Cadwalader, Wickersham & Taft in Washington, D.C. He is a former Dean of the Washington College of Law at American University. He was a member of the NAS planning committee that initiated the 1997 Academy Symposium on Science, Technology, and Law.

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Access to Research Data in the 21st Century: An Ongoing Dialogue Among Interested Parties - Report of a Workshop Margaret A. Berger, J.D., Columbia University, is the Suzanne J. and Norman Miles Professor of Law at Brooklyn Law School in Brooklyn, New York. She has written extensively on science and law, and in particular on three key Supreme Court cases (Daubert, Joiner, Kumho) dealing with evidence. She is the coauthor of Weinstein’s Evidence. Paul Carrington, L.L.B., Harvard, is the Harry R. Chadwick Senior Professor at Duke University Law School. He is the former Dean of Duke’s Law School and has taught and published extensively on civil procedures. He was Reporter to the Advisory Committee on Civil Rules of the Judicial Conference of the United States. He also established the Private Adjudication Center that developed a Registry of Independent Scientists to provide disinterested advice to lawyers and judges on scientific issues that are the subject of legal disputes. Joe S. Cecil, Ph.D., (Psychology) and J.D., Northwestern University, is Project Director, Program on Scientific and Technical Evidence, Division of Research, Federal Judicial Center, in Washington, D.C. He is responsible for judicial education and training in the area of scientific and technical evidence and the lead staff of the Federal Judicial Center’s Scientific Evidence Manual, which is the primary source book on evidence for federal judges. Joel E. Cohen, (NAS), Dr. P.H., (Population Sciences and Tropical Public Health) and Ph.D., (Applied Mathematics), Harvard, is the Abby Rockefeller Mauze Professor and Head, Laboratory of Populations, The Rockefeller University and Professor of Populations, Columbia University, in New York City. From 1991 to1995, Dr. Cohen served as a U.S. Federal Court-appointed neutral expert on projections of asbestos-related claims associated with the Manville Personal Injury Settlement Trust. In addition, he has served as a Special Master in silicone gel breast implant products liability. Rebecca S. Eisenberg, J.D., is a Professor of Law at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, Mich. Ms. Eisenberg teaches courses in intellectual property and torts and has taught on legal regulation of science and on legal issues associated with the Human Genome Project. David Goodstein, Ph.D., (Physics), University of Washington, is Vice Provost and Professor of Physics and Applied Physics at the California Institute of Technology. His book, States of Matter, helped launch a new discipline, condensed matter physics. In recent years, he has been particularly interested in societal issues that affect science as a profession.

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Access to Research Data in the 21st Century: An Ongoing Dialogue Among Interested Parties - Report of a Workshop Barbara S. Hulka, (IOM), M.D., Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons, is Kenan Professor, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Dr. Hulka’s current research activities are in the field of cancer epidemiology— breast, uterine and prostate—and the application of biological markers to cancer epidemiology. Dr. Hulka is working on the development of a process for incorporating scientific data into the judicial system. Sheila Jasanoff, Ph.D., Harvard, J.D., Harvard, is Professor of Science and Public Policy at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government and the School of Public Health. Jasanoff’s long standing research interests center on the interactions of law, science, and politics in democratic societies. She is the author of numerous papers and books including The Fifth Branch: Science Advisors as Policymakers and Science at the Bar: Law, Science, and Technology in America. Robert E. Kahn, (NAE), Ph.D., Electrical Engineering, Princeton University, is Chairman, CEO, and President of the Corporation for National Research Initiatives (CNRI), a not-for-profit organization that provides funding and leadership to the research and development of the National Information Infrastructure. Dr. Kahn is a coinventor of the TCP/IP protocols and a recipient of the 1997 National Medal of Technology awarded by President Clinton. Daniel J. Kevles, Ph.D., (History), Princeton, is the Stanley Woodward Professor of History at Yale University. Prior to this he was the Koepfli Professor of Humanities and directed the Program in Science, Ethics, and Public Policy at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, California. He has written extensively on issues regarding science and society including genetics, patenting, and scientific misconduct. David Korn, (IOM), M.D., Harvard, Senior Vice President for Biomedical and Health Sciences Research, Association of American Medical Colleges, in Washington, D.C. Previously, he served as Dean of Stanford University School of Medicine. Eric S. Lander, (NAS/IOM), D.Phil., (Mathematics) Oxford University, is Member, Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, Professor of Biology, MIT, Director, Whitehead Institute/MIT Center for Genome Research, and Geneticist, Massachusetts General Hospital, Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Mass. He is a geneticist, molecular biologist, and a mathematician, with research interests in human genetics, mouse genetics, population genetics, and computational and mathemati

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Access to Research Data in the 21st Century: An Ongoing Dialogue Among Interested Parties - Report of a Workshop cal methods in biology. He also has taught in the area of management and economics. Dr. Lander is a member of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences and has written about DNA fingerprinting and other issues of science and law. Patrick A. Malone, J.D., Yale Law School, is a partner with Stein, Mitchell & Mezines in Washington, D.C. Mr. Malone, a former medical journalist, represents plaintiffs in medical malpractice and product liability lawsuits. He is a member of the Association of Trial Lawyers of America and Trial Lawyers for Public Justice. Richard A. Meserve, Ph.D., (Applied Physics) Stanford, J.D., Harvard, is Chairman of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Prior to his appointment he was a partner with the Washington, D.C., firm Covington and Burling, where he represented a number of corporate and non-corporate clients. He was a member of the NAS planning committee that initiated the 1997 Academy Symposium on Science, Technology, and Law. He wrote the amicus briefs on behalf of the National Academy of Engineering in the Kumho case and on behalf of the National Academy of Sciences in the Daubert case. These landmark cases established the basis for admitting expert testimony into court. Alan B. Morrison, L.L.B., Harvard Law School, is Director, Public Citizen Litigation Group, Washington, D.C. Public Citizen, Inc., is a non-profit citizen research, lobbying, and litigation organization founded in 1971 by Ralph Nader. Harry J. Pearce, J.D., Northwestern University School of Law, is Chairman of Hughes Electronics Corporation, a subsidiary of General Motors Corporation in El Segundo, California. He previously served General Motors as Vice Chairman, and prior to that as General Counsel. Mr. Pearce has been admitted to the U.S. Supreme Court, U.S. Court of Military Appeals, Eight Circuit Court of Appeals, various U.S. District Courts and State District Courts and the Michigan Supreme Court. Henry Petroski, (NAE), Ph.D., University of Illinois, is the A.S. Vesic Professor of Civil Engineering, Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. He has been very involved in engineering and law issues. Most recently, he authored a chapter on engineering expert testimony for the Federal Judicial Center’s evidence project. Channing R. Robertson, Ph.D. (Chemical Engineering), is the Ruth G. and William K. Bowes Professor, School of Engineering, and Professor,

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Access to Research Data in the 21st Century: An Ongoing Dialogue Among Interested Parties - Report of a Workshop Department of Chemical Engineering, Stanford University. Dr. Robertson has conducted research on several products in which there was extensive litigation and in which he served as an expert. Pamela Ann Rymer, L.L.B., Stanford, is a Circuit Judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit in Pasadena, California. She was appointed in 1989 by President George Bush. Judge Rymer currently serves as the Chair of the AAAS Court-Appointed Scientific Experts Demonstration Project. STAFF OF THE SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND LAW PROGRAM Anne-Marie Mazza, Ph.D., Director. Dr. Mazza joined the National Academies in 1995. She has served as Senior Program Officer with both the Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy and the Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable. Between October 1999 and October 2000, she divided her time between the STL Program and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, where she chaired an interagency working group on the government-university research partnership. She received a Ph.D. in Public Policy from George Washington University. Susie Bachtel, Staff Associate. Ms. Bachtel joined the National Academies in 1998. Previously she was Special Assistant to the Director, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, from 1993 to 1998, and before that was Executive Assistant to the Director of the U.S. Office of Technology Assessment from 1979 to 1993. She received a BA in Social Sciences from Ohio State University. Kirsten A. Moffatt, Ph.D., Consultant. Dr. Moffatt received her Ph.D. in Experimental Pathology from the University of Colorado Health Science Center. Her thesis work focused on the molecular mechanism(s) through which vitamin D acts to decrease the growth of prostate cancer cells. Alan Anderson is a consultant writer who has written Academy reports on a variety of topics, including science policy, graduate and postdoctoral education, capitalizing on the results of research, the cyclicality of the semiconductor industry, the “new economy,” women in science and engineering, and the Government Performance and Results Act. He also writes for the Institute for Advanced Study, in Princeton, N.J., and other clients. He has been a science writer for Time magazine and other publications, and holds a master’s degree from the Columbia University School of Journalism and a B.A. in English from Yale University.