APPENDIX D
Rollover Information from NHTSA’s Website

This appendix reprints information from the following documents on the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration’s (NHTSA’s) website:

NEW CAR ASSESSMENT PROGRAM1

How To Use This Chart

Frontal and Side Crash Test Ratings
  • In the frontal crash rating, vehicles are classified by the estimated chance of a life-threatening head and/or chest injury for the driver or front seat passenger.

  • Frontal crash results should only be compared against other vehicles in the same weight class. If a light vehicle collides head-on with a heavier vehicle at 35 mph, the occupants in the lighter vehicle could experience a greater chance of injury than the results of this test indicate.

  • In the side crash rating, vehicles are classified by the estimated chance of a life-threatening chest injury for the driver and the rear seat passenger. Head injury is not measured in the side crashes.

  • Since all tested vehicles are impacted by the same size barrier, it is possible to compare vehicles from different weight classes when looking at side crash ratings.

  • Drivers and passengers in both the frontal and side crash rating receive a one to five star rating with five stars ***** indicating the best protection.

  • Vehicles are twice as likely to be involved in severe frontal crashes than in severe side crashes. Test results show the relative crash protection provided

1

Text and data are from the September 2001 website posting.



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An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance: Special Report 265 APPENDIX D Rollover Information from NHTSA’s Website This appendix reprints information from the following documents on the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration’s (NHTSA’s) website: New Car Assessment Program (www.nhtsa.dot.gov/hot/rollover/2001Rollover.html); Rollover Rated Vehicle Details (www.nhtsa.dot.gov/hot/rollover/fullWebd.html); and Rollover Resistance Ratings Information (www.nhtsa.dot.gov/hot/rollover). NEW CAR ASSESSMENT PROGRAM1 How To Use This Chart Frontal and Side Crash Test Ratings In the frontal crash rating, vehicles are classified by the estimated chance of a life-threatening head and/or chest injury for the driver or front seat passenger. Frontal crash results should only be compared against other vehicles in the same weight class. If a light vehicle collides head-on with a heavier vehicle at 35 mph, the occupants in the lighter vehicle could experience a greater chance of injury than the results of this test indicate. In the side crash rating, vehicles are classified by the estimated chance of a life-threatening chest injury for the driver and the rear seat passenger. Head injury is not measured in the side crashes. Since all tested vehicles are impacted by the same size barrier, it is possible to compare vehicles from different weight classes when looking at side crash ratings. Drivers and passengers in both the frontal and side crash rating receive a one to five star rating with five stars ***** indicating the best protection. Vehicles are twice as likely to be involved in severe frontal crashes than in severe side crashes. Test results show the relative crash protection provided 1 Text and data are from the September 2001 website posting.

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An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance: Special Report 265 to occupants using all of the vehicle’s occupant protection equipment. Occupant protection equipment consists of safety belts and air bags. The results do not apply to unbelted occupants. All vehicles had safety belt systems for all occupants and frontal air bags for the driver and right front seat passenger. The side air bag equipment provided on each tested vehicle is shown to the right of the vehicle’s overall score. The side air bag column refers to what was in the vehicle tested and not to options that might be available from the manufacturer. Also, thigh injury is measured in the frontal crash tests and pelvic injury is measured in the side crash tests. If a high likelihood of a thigh injury or a pelvic injury occurs, the consumer is informed of these possible injuries by an asterisk or a pound symbol respectively. Rollover Resistance Ratings Most rollover crashes occur when a vehicle runs off the road and is tripped by a ditch, curb, soft soil, or other object causing it to rollover. These crashes are usually caused by driver behavior such as speeding or inattention. These are called single vehicle crashes because the crash did not involve a collision with another vehicle. More than 10,000 people die each year in all rollover crashes. The rollover resistance rating is an estimate of your risk of rolling over if you have a single vehicle crash. It does not predict the likelihood of that crash. The rollover resistance rating essentially measures vehicle characteristics of center of gravity and track width to determine how “top heavy” a vehicle is. The more top-heavy the vehicle, the more likely it is to roll over. The lowest-rated vehicles (1 star) are at least four times more likely to roll over than the highest rated vehicles (5 stars). The rollover resistance ratings of vehicles were compared with 220,000 actual single-vehicle crashes, and the ratings were found to relate very closely to the real-world rollover experience of vehicles. Like side crash ratings, it is possible to compare vehicles from different weight classes when looking at rollover resistance ratings. Some vehicles have electronic stability control, a device which does not affect the rollover resistance rating directly but may reduce the likelihood of a single vehicle crash, and thus, the risk of subsequent rollover. NHTSA notes vehicles equipped with electronic stability control by a symbol next to the rollover resistance ratings. While the rollover resistance rating does not directly predict the risk of injury or death, keep in mind that rollovers have a higher fatality rate than other kinds of crashes. Remember: Even the highest-rated vehicle can rollover, but you can reduce your chance of being killed in a rollover by about 75 percent just by wearing your seat belt.

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An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance: Special Report 265 New Car Assessment Program Ratings Chart     FRONTAL CRASH RATING SIDE CRASH RATING ROLLOVER RESISTANCE RATING SIDE AIR BAG MAKE & MODEL   DRIVER PASSENGER DRIVER PASSENGER FRONT REAR 2001 Mini Passenger Cars (1500–1999 lbs. curb weight) HONDA INSIGHT 2DR 1868 lbs. **** **** **** NO SEAT NOT RATED     2001 Light Passenger Cars (2000–2499 lbs. curb weight) CHEVROLET PRIZM 4DR 2498 lbs. **** **** *** *** ****     CHEVROLET PRIZM 4DR 2498 lbs. **** **** **** *** ****   FORD ESCORT 4DR 2458 lbs. *** *** *** *** NOT RATED     HYUNDAI ACCENT 4DR 2412 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED *** ** ****     KIA RIO 4DR 2308 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED *** *** NOT RATED     MAZDA MIATA 2CV 2385 lbs. **** ***** *** NO SEAT NOT RATED     MAZDA PROTEGE 4DR 2484 lbs. ***** **** *** **** NOT RATED   SATURN SL 4DR 2332 lbs. ***** ***** *** ** ****     TOYOTA COROLLA 4DR 2498 lbs. **** **** *** *** ****     TOYOTA COROLLA 4DR 2498 lbs. **** **** **** *** ****   TOYOTA ECHO 4DR 2160 lbs. **** **** *** **** ****     2001 Compact Passenger Cars (2500–2999 lbs. curb weight) CHEVROLET CAVALIER 2DR 2708 lbs. *** **** * ** NOT RATED     CHEVROLET CAVALIER 4DR 2750 lbs. **** **** *# *** ****     DODGE NEON 4DR 2602 lbs. **** **** *** *** ****     FORD ESCORT ZX2 2DR 2541 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED * **** NOT RATED     FORD FOCUS 2DR 2646 lbs. ***** ***** **** * NOT RATED     FORD FOCUS 4DR 2701 lbs. **** **** *** **** ****¶     HONDA CIVIC 2DR 2501 lbs. ***** ***** ***** ***** NOT RATED   HONDA CIVIC 4DR 2522 lbs. ***** ***** **** **** ****   HONDA CIVIC 4DR 2522 lbs. ***** ***** **** **** ****     HYUNDAI ELANTRA 4DR 2897 lbs. **** ***** ***** **** NOT RATED   KIA SEPHIA 4DR 2592 lbs. **** ***** *** **** NOT RATED     MAZDA 626 4DR 2802 lbs. **** ***** ***# *** NOT RATED    

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An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance: Special Report 265 NISSAN SENTRA 4DR 2762 lbs. **** **** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT RATED     PLYMOUTH NEON 4DR 2602 lbs. **** **** *** *** ****     PONTIAC SUNFIRE 2DR 2708 lbs. *** **** * ** NOT RATED     PONTIAC SUNFIRE 4DR 2750 lbs. **** **** *# *** ****     SATURN L SERIES 4DR 2943 lbs. **** ***** ** **** NOT RATED     TOYOTA CELICA 2DR 2526 lbs. **** **** *** SEAT TOO SMALL NOT RATED     TOYOTA PRIUS 4DR 2760 lbs. *** **** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT RATED     VOLKSWAGEN BEETLE 2DR 2886 lbs. **** **** ***** *** NOT RATED   VOLKSWAGEN GOLF 4DR 2934 lbs. ***** ***** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT RATED   VOLKSWAGEN JETTA 4DR 2934 lbs. ***** ***** **** **** ****   NOTE: “seat too small” means the testing laboratory could not reasonably seat the crash test dummy in the rear seat. # High likelihood of pelvic injury. ¶ Electronic stability control is available as an option. 2001 Medium Passenger Cars (3000–3499 lbs. curb weight) AUDI TT 2DR 3135 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***** NO SEAT NOT RATED   ACURA TL 4DR 3493 lbs. **** **** **** ***** NOT RATED   BUICK CENTURY 4DR 3359 lbs. **** *** ***# *** NOT RATED   BUICK CENTURY 4DR 3359 lbs. **** *** *** *** NOT RATED   BUICK REGAL 4DR 3359 lbs. **** *** ***# *** NOT RATED BUICK REGAL 4DR 3359 lbs. **** *** *** *** NOT RATED   CHEVROLET CAMARO 2DR 3336 lbs. **** ***** *** **** NOT RATED   CHEVROLET IMPALA 4DR 3446 lbs. ***** ***** **** **** ****   CHEVROLET IMPALA 4DR 3446 lbs. ***** ***** **** **** ****   CHEVROLET LUMINA 4DR 3367 lbs. **** ***** **** *** ****   CHEVROLET MALIBU 4DR 3054 lbs. **** **** ** **** NOT RATED   CHEVROLET MONTE CARLO 2DR 3349 lbs. ***** ***** *** **** NOT RATED   CHRYSLER CONCORDE 4DR 3471 lbs. **** **** **** *** NOT RATED   CHRYSLER SEBRING 2DR 3084 lbs. **** **** *** ***** NOT RATED   CHRYSLER SEBRING 2CV 3482 lbs. *** *** *** **** NOT RATED   CHRYSLER SEBRING 4DR 3221 lbs. ***** ***** *** *** *****   DAEWOO LEGANZA 4DR 3152 lbs. *** *** **** ***# NOT RATED   DODGE INTREPID 4DR 3471 lbs. **** **** **** *** NOT RATED   # High likelihood of pelvic injury.

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An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance: Special Report 265     FRONTAL CRASH RATING SIDE CRASH RATING ROLLOVER RESISTANCE RATING SIDE AIR BAG MAKE & MODEL   DRIVER PASSENGER DRIVER PASSENGER FRONT REAR DODGE STRATUS 2DR 3084 lbs. **** **** *** ***** NOT RATED     DODGE STRATUS 4DR 3221 lbs. ***** ***** *** *** *****     FORD MUSTANG 2DR 3122 lbs. ***** ***** *** *** NOT RATED     FORD MUSTANG 2CV 3122 lbs NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ** *** NOT RATED     FORD TAURUS 4DR 3393 lbs. ***** ***** *** *** ****   FORD TAURUS 4DR 3393 lbs. ***** ***** *** *** ****     HONDA ACCORD 2DR 3053 lbs. ***** **** **** **** NOT RATED   HONDA ACCORD 4DR 3078 lbs. ***** ***** **** ***** *****   HONDA ACCORD 4DR 3078 lbs. ***** ***** **** **** *****     HYUNDAI SONATA 4DR 3154 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **** ***** NOT RATED   INFINITI I30 4DR 3233 lbs. **** **** **** **** NOT RATED   LEXUS ES300 4DR 3344 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***** **** NOT RATED   LEXUS IS300 4DR 3302 lbs. **** **** ***** ***** NOT RATED   MAZDA MILLENIA 4DR 3372 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **** *** NOT RATED   MERCURY COUGAR 2DR 3062 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED *** *** NOT RATED     MERCURY SABLE 4DR 3393 lbs. ***** ***** *** *** ****¶     MERCURY SABLE 4DR 3393 lbs. ***** ***** *** *** ****¶   MITSUBISHI ECLIPSE 2DR 3209 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***** SEAT TOO SMALL NOT RATED     MITSUBISHI GALANT 4DR 3127 lbs. **** **** ***** **** NOT RATED   MITSUBISHI GALANT 4DR 3127 lbs. **** **** *** **** NOT RATED     NISSAN ALTIMA 4DR 3054 lbs. **** ***** *** *** NOT RATED     NISSAN MAXIMA 4DR 3233 lbs. **** **** **** **** NOT RATED   NISSAN MAXIMA 4DR 3233 lbs. **** **** **** **** NOT RATED     OLDSMOBILE ALERO 2DR 3018 lbs. **** ***** * **** NOT RATED     OLDSMOBILE ALERO 4DR 3096 lbs. **** **** *** *** ****     OLDSMOBILE INTRIGUE 4DR 3453 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED *** * NOT RATED     PONTIAC FIREBIRD 2DR 3336 lbs. **** ***** *** **** NOT RATED    

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An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance: Special Report 265 PONTIAC GRAND AM 2DR 3018 lbs. **** ***** * **** NOT RATED   PONTIAC GRAND AM 4DR 3096 lbs. **** **** *** *** ****   PONTIAC GRAND PRIX 4DR 3346 lbs. **** **** ** *** NOT RATED   SUBARU LEGACY 4DR 3268 lbs. **** **** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT RATED   SUBARU LEGACY 4DR WAGON 3268 lbs. **** **** **** ***** NOT RATED   TOYOTA AVALON 4DR 3411 lbs. *** ***** **** ***** NOT RATED   TOYOTA CAMRY 4DR 3175 lbs. **** ***** *** *** *****   TOYOTA CAMRY 4DR 3175 lbs. **** ***** **** NO DATA *****   TOYOTA CAMRY SOLARA 2DR 3254 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED *** ***** NOT RATED   VOLKSWAGEN PASSAT 4DR 3168 lbs. ***** ***** **** **** NOT RATED   NOTE: “seat too small” means the testing laboratory could not reasonably seat the crash test dummy in the rear seat. ¶ Electronic stability control is available as an option. 2001 Heavy Passenger Cars (3500 lbs. and over curb weight) ACURA RL 4DR 3824 lbs. **** **** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT RATED   AUDI A8 4DR 3751 lbs. ***** ***** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT RATED BUICK LESABRE 4DR 3608 lbs. **** ***** **** **** NOT RATED   BUICK PARK AVENUE 4DR 3767 lbs. **** **** **** **** NOT RATED   CADILLAC DEVILLE 4DR 4011 lbs. *** **** **** **** NOT RATED CHRYSLER 300M 4DR 3598 lbs. ***! **** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT RATED   CHRYSLER LHS 4DR 3598 lbs. ***! **** **** *** NOT RATED   FORD CROWN VICTORIA 4DR 3922 lbs. ***** ***** **** **** *****   LINCOLN LS 4DR 3735 lbs. ***** ***** **** ***** *****¶ LINCOLN TOWN CAR 4DR 4121 lbs. ***** ***** **** **** NOT RATED   MERCURY GRAND MARQUIS 4DR 3922 lbs. ***** ***** **** **** *****   OLDSMOBILE AURORA 4DR 3624 lbs. **** **** *** **** NOT RATED   PONTIAC BONNEVILLE 4DR 3608 lbs. **** ***** **** **** NOT RATED   VOLVO S80 4DR 3556 lbs. ***** ***** ***** ***** NOT RATED   NOTE: The Volvo S80 has an automatic safety device, a curtain, that inflates down to protect the head of both the driver and the rear passenger in a side crash. ¶ Electronic stability control is available as an option. ! High likelihood of thigh injury.

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An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance: Special Report 265     FRONTAL CRASH RATING SIDE CRASH RATING ROLLOVER RESISTANCE RATING SIDE AIR BAG MAKE & MODEL   DRIVER PASSENGER DRIVER PASSENGER FRONT REAR 2001 Sport Utility Vehicles CHEVROLET BLAZER 4DR 4X2 3888 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED *   CHEVROLET BLAZER 4DR 4X4 4164 lbs. *** **** ***** ***** **   CHEVROLET SUBURBAN 4DR 4X2 5508 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   CHEVROLET SUBURBAN 4DR 4X4 5699 lbs. **** **** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   CHEVROLET TAHOE 4DR 4X2 5233 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **   CHEVROLET TAHOE 4DR 4X4 5421 lbs. ***! **** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   CHEVROLET TRACKER 2DR 4X4 2661 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **** ***** NOT RATED   CHEVROLET TRACKER 4DR 4X2 3067 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   CHEVROLET TRACKER 4DR 4X4 3005 lbs. **** **** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   CHEVROLET TRAILBLAZER(2002) 4DR 4X2 4369 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   CHEVROLET TRAILBLAZER(2002) 4DR 4X4 4704 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   DODGE DURANGO 4DR 4X2 4404 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   DODGE DURANGO 4DR 4X4 4708 lbs. **** **** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   FORD ESCAPE 4DR 4X2 3037 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   FORD ESCAPE 4DR 4X4 3421 lbs. ***** **** ***** ***** ***   FORD EXPEDITION 4DR 4X2 5117 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **   FORD EXPEDITION 4DR 4X4 4332 lbs. ***** ***** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **   FORD EXPLORER 4DR 4X2 4040 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **   FORD EXPLORER 4DR 4X4 4258 lbs. **** **** ***** ***** **   FORD EXPLORER 4DR 4X4 4258 lbs. **** **** ***** ***** **   FORD EXPLORER (2002) 4DR 4X2 4320 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **   FORD EXPLORER (2002) 4DR 4X4 4498 lbs. **** ***** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   GMC ENVOY (2002) 4DR 4X2 4369 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   GMC ENVOY (2002) 4DR 4X4 4704 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   GMC JIMMY 4DR 4X2 3888 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED *  

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An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance: Special Report 265 GMC JIMMY 4DR 4X4 4164 lbs. *** **** ***** ***** **   GMC YUKON 4DR 4X2 5233 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **   GMC YUKON 4DR 4X4 5382 lbs. ***! **** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   GMC YUKON XL 4DR 4X4 5508 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   GMC YUKON XL 4DR 4X4 5699 lbs. **** **** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   HONDA CR-V 4DR 4X2 3078 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   HONDA CR-V 4DR 4X4 3149 lbs. **** ***** ***** ***** ***   HONDA PASSPORT 4DR 4X2 3683 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   HONDA PASSPORT 4DR 4X4 3968 lbs. **** **** ***** ***** ***   INFINITI QX4 4DR 4X4 4147 lbs. **** ***** ***** ***** ***   ISUZU RODEO 4DR 4X2 3683 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   ISUZU RODEO 4DR 4X4 3968 lbs. **** **** ***** ***** ***   JEEP CHEROKEE 2DR 4X2 3266 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **   JEEP CHEROKEE 4DR 4X4 3457 lbs. *** *** *** ***** **   JEEP GRAND CHEROKEE 4DR 4X2 3818 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **   JEEP GRAND CHEROKEE 4DR 4X4 3968 lbs. *** *** **** ***** **   JEEP LIBERTY (2002) 4DR 4X2 3895 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **   JEEP LIBERTY (2002) 4DR 4X4 4067 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **   JEEP WRANGLER 2DR 4X4 3322 lbs. **** **** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   LEXUS RX300 4DR 4X2 3747 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***§   LEXUS RX300 4DR 4X4 3961 lbs. **** ***** ***** ***** ***§   LINCOLN NAVIGATOR 4DR 4X2 5117 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **   LINCOLN NAVIGATOR 4DR 4X4 5332 lbs. ***** ***** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **   MAZDA TRIBUTE 4DR 4X2 3037 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   MAZDA TRIBUTE 4DR 4X4 3421 lbs. ***** **** ***** ***** ***   MERCURY MOUNTAINEER 4DR 4X2 4040 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **   MERCURY MOUNTAINEER 4DR 4X4 4258 lbs. **** **** ***** ***** **   MERCURY MOUNTAINEER 4DR 4X4 4258 lbs. **** **** ***** ***** **   MERCURY MOUNTAINEER (2002) 4DR 4X2 4320 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **   ! High likelihood of thigh injury. § Electronic stability control is standard.

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An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance: Special Report 265     FRONTAL CRASH RATING SIDE CRASH RATING ROLLOVER RESISTANCE RATING SIDE AIR BAG MAKE & MODEL   DRIVER PASSENGER DRIVER PASSENGER FRONT REAR MERCURY MOUNTAINER (2002) 4DR 4X4 4498 lbs. **** ***** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   MITSUBISHI MONTERO SPORT 4DR 4X2 3952 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **   MITSUBISHI MONTERO SPORT4DR 4X4 4180 lbs. **** *** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **   NISSAN PATHFINDER 4DR 4X2 3861 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **   NISSAN PATHFINDER 4DR 4X4 4147 lbs. **** ***** ***** ***** ***   NISSAN PATHFINDER 4DR 4X4 4147 lbs. **** ***** ***** ***** ***     NISSAN XTERRA 4DR 4X2 3845 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **   NISSAN XTERRA 4DR 4X4 3580 lbs. **** **** **** ***** **   OLDSMOBILE BRAVADA 4DR 4X4 4164 lbs. *** **** ***** ***** **   OLDSMOBILE BRAVADA(2002) 4DR 4X2 4369 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   OLDSMOBILE BRAVADA(2002) 4DR 4X4 4704 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   PONTIAC AZTEK 4DR 4X2 3780 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***** *** ***   PONTIAC AZTEK 4DR 4X4 4054 lbs. *** **** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ****   SUBARU FORESTER 4DR 4X4 3252 lbs. **** **** ***** **** ***   SUZUKI GRAND VITARA 4DR 4X4 3005 lbs. **** **** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT RATED   SUZUKI GRAND VITARA 4DR 4X2 3067 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   SUZUKI VITARA 2DR 4X4 2661 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **** ***** NOT RATED   SUZUKI VITARA 4DR 4X4 3005 lbs. **** **** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   TOYOTA 4RUNNER 4DR 4X2 3857 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **§   TOYOTA 4RUNNER 4DR 4X4 4118 lbs. **** **** ***** ***** **§   TOYOTA RAV4 4DR 4X2 3072 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   TOYOTA RAV4 4DR 4X4 3072 lbs. **** **** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   § Electronic stability control is standard.

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An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance: Special Report 265 2001 Light Trucks CHEVROLET S10 PU 4X2 3072 lbs. *** *** **** NO SEAT ***   CHEVROLET S10 PU EXCAB 4X2 3536 lbs. ** *** *** SEAT TOO SMALL ***   CHEVROLET S10 PU EXCAB 4X4 3875 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   CHEVROLET SILVERADOPU EXCAB 4X2 4423 lbs. *** **** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ****   CHEVROLET SILVERADOPU EXCAB 4X4 4698 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   DODGE DAKOTA PU EXCAB 4X2 3765 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***** SEAT TOO SMALL ****   DODGE DAKOTA PU EXCAB 4X4 4396 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   DODGE DAKOTA 4DR PU 4X2 4198 lbs. **** **** ***** ***** NOT RATED   DODGE RAM 1500 PU 4X2 4226 lbs. ***** ***** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT RATED   DODGE RAM 1500 PU EXCAB 4X2 4896 lbs. **** **** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   DODGE RAM 1500 PU EXCAB 4X4 5439 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   DODGE RAM 1500 PU 4DR 4X2 4884 lbs. *** **** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT RATED   FORD EV RANGER PU 4X2 4808 lbs. ***** ***** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT RATED   FORD F150 PU 4X2 3926 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***** NO SEAT ***   FORD F150 PU 4X4 4601 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **   FORD F150 PU EXCAB 4X2 4388 lbs. **** ***** ***** ***** NOT RATED   FORD F150 4DR 4X2 4650 lbs. ***** ***** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT RATED   FORD RANGER PU 4X2 2995 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***** NO SEAT NOT RATED   FORD RANGER PU EXCAB 4X2 3419 lbs. **** **** **** SEAT TOO SMALL ***   FORD RANGER PU EXCAB 4X4 3942 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **   GMC SIERRA PU EXCAB 4X2 4423 lbs. *** **** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ****   GMC SIERRA PU EXCAB 4X4 4698 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   GMC SONOMA PU 4X2 3072 lbs. *** *** **** NO SEAT ***   GMC SONOMA PU EXCAB 4X2 3536 lbs. ** *** *** SEAT TOO SMALL ***   GMC SONOMA PU EXCAB 4X4 3875 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   MAZDA B-SERIES 4X2 3543 lbs NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***** NO SEAT NOT RATED   MAZDA B-SERIES EXCAB 4X2 3612 lbs **** **** **** SEAT TOO SMALL ***   MAZDA B-SERIES EXCAB 4X4 3942 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **   NISSAN FRONTIER PU EXCAB 4X2 2816 lbs NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **** NO SEAT NOT RATED   NOTE: For extended cab light trucks, “seat too small” means the testing laboratory could not reasonably seat the crash test dummy in the rear seat.

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An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance: Special Report 265     FRONTAL CRASH RATING SIDE CRASH RATING ROLLOVER RESISTANCE RATING SIDE AIR BAG MAKE & MODEL   DRIVER PASSENGER DRIVER PASSENGER FRONT REAR NISSAN FRONTIER 4DR PU 4X2 3899 lbs. **** ***** ***** ***** ***   NISSAN FRONTIER 4DR PU 4X4 4203 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   TOYOTA TACOMA PU EXCAB 4X2 3040 lbs. *** **** *** SEAT TOO SMALL TO BE RATED   TOYOTA TACOMA 4-DR PU 4X4 3867 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED **   TOYOTA TUNDRA PU EXCAB 4X2 4381 lbs. *** *** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED TO BE RATED   TOYOTA TUNDRA PU EXCAB 4X4 4649 lbs. NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   NOTE: For extended cab light trucks, “seat too small” means the testing laboratory could not reasonably seat the crash test dummy in the rear seat. 2001 Vans CHEVROLET ASTRO 4468 lbs. *** **** NOT TESTED NOT TESTED ***   CHEVROLET VENTURE 3720 lbs. **** **** ***** **** ***   CHRYSLER PT CRUISER 3203 lbs. ** **** **** ***** ****   CHRYSLER TOWN & COUNTRY 4332 lbs. **** **** ***** ***** ***   CHRYSLER TOWN & COUNTRY 4332 lbs. **** **** ***** ***** ***   CHRYSLER VOYAGER 3874 lbs. **** **** **** ***** ***   DODGE CARAVAN 3874 lbs. **** **** **** ***** ***   DODGE GRAND CARAVAN 4332 lbs. **** **** ***** ***** ***   DODGE GRAND CARAVAN 4332 lbs. **** **** ***** ***** ***  

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An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance: Special Report 265 VEHICLE DRIVE ROLLOVER RESISTANCE RATING SSF MEASURED VEHICLE DETAILS ELECTRONIC STABILITY CONTROL BODY STYLE/TRIM ENGINE TRANS TIRE SIZE MAJOR OPTIONS GMC Sonoma rear *** 1.14 reg. cab 2.2L I4 5spd manual P205/75R15   rear *** 1.15 ext. cab 4.3L V6 automatic P205/75R15   4×4 *** 1.14 ext. cab 4.3L V6 automatic P235/70R15   Mazda B-Series rear *** 1.13 ext. cab 4.0L V6 automatic P225/70R15   4×4 ** 1.04 ext. cab 3.0L V6 automatic P245/75R16 bed liner   Nissan Frontier rear *** 1.14 4dr, SE 3.3L V6 5spd manual P255/65R16 roof rack   4×4 *** 1.13 4dr, SE 3.3L V6 automatic P265/70R16 roof rack   Toyota Tacoma rear To be rated   4×4 ** 1.11 4dr 3.4L V6 automatic P265/70R16   Toyota Tundra rear To be rated   4×4 *** 1.15 ext. cab, Limtd. 4.7L V8 automatic P265/70R16    

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An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance: Special Report 265 2001 Vans Chevrolet Astro rear *** 1.13 3dr, LS 4.3L V6 automatic P215/75R15 roof rack   Chevrolet Venture front *** 1.18 long whlbs. 3.4L V6 automatic P215/70R15 roof rack   Chrysler PT Cruiser front **** 1.26 4dr, Lim. Ed. 2.4L I4 automatic P205/55R/16 sun roof   Chrysler Town&Country front *** 1.23 4dr 3.3L V6 automatic P215/70R15 roof rack   Chrysler Voyager front *** 1.20 4dr 3.3L V6 automatic P215/70R15 roof rack   Dodge Caravan front *** 1.20 4dr, SE 3.3L V6 automatic P215/70R15 roof rack   Dodge Grand Caravan front *** 1.23 4dr, Sport 3.3L V6 automatic P215/70R15 roof rack   Dodge Ram Van/Wagon rear *** 1.14 3dr 5.3L V8 automatic P235/75R15   Ford Econoline/Club Wagon rear ** 1.11 Chateau 5.0L V8 automatic P235/75R15   Ford Windstar front **** 1.26 3dr 3.8L V6 automatic P215/70R15   GMC Safari rear *** 1.13 3dr, LS 4.3L V6 automatic P215/75R15 roof rack   Honda Odyssey front **** 1.32 4dr, EX 3.5L V6 automatic P215/65R16   Mazda MPV front *** 1.21 4dr, LX 2.5L V6 automatic P205/65R15 roof rack   Mercury Villager front **** 1.27 4dr 3.3L V6 automatic P215/65R16 roof rack   Nissan Quest front **** 1.27 4dr, GXE 3.3L V6 automatic P215/65R16 roof rack   Oldsmobile Silhouette front *** 1.18 long whlbs. 3.4L V6 automatic P215/70R15 roof rack   Pontiac Montana front *** 1.18 long whlbs. 3.4L V6 automatic P215/70R15 roof rack   Toyota Sienna front **** 1.25 4dr, CE 3.0L V6 automatic P205/70R15   Available

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An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance: Special Report 265 ROLLOVER RESISTANCE RATINGS INFORMATION Description of Rollover Resistance Rating Most rollover crashes occur when a vehicle runs off the road and is tripped by a ditch, curb, soft soil, or other object causing it to rollover. These crashes are usually caused by driver behavior such as speeding or inattention. These are called single-vehicle crashes because the crash did not involve a collision with another vehicle. More than 10,000 people die each year in all rollover crashes. The rollover resistance rating is an estimate of your risk of rolling over if you have a single-vehicle crash. It does not predict the likelihood of that crash. The rollover resistance rating essentially measures vehicle characteristics of center of gravity and track width to determine how “top heavy” a vehicle is. The more top-heavy the vehicle, the more likely it is to roll over. The lowest-rated vehicles (1 star) are at least four times more likely to roll over than the highest-rated vehicles (5 stars). The rollover resistance ratings of vehicles were compared to 220,000 actual single-vehicle crashes, and the ratings were found to relate very closely to the real-world rollover experience of vehicles. While the rollover resistance rating does not directly predict the risk of injury or death, keep in mind that rollovers have a higher fatality rate than other kinds of crashes. Remember: Even the highest-rated vehicle can rollover, but you can reduce your chance of being killed in a rollover by about 75 percent just by wearing your seat belt. Here are the rollover resistance ratings: In a single-vehicle crash, a vehicle with a rating of Five Stars ***** has a risk of rollover of less than 10 percent. Four Stars **** has a risk of rollover between 10 percent and 20 percent. Three Stars *** has a risk of rollover between 20 percent and 30 percent. Two Stars ** has a risk of rollover between 30 percent and 40 percent. One Star * has a risk of rollover greater than 40 percent. Frequently Asked Questions About Rollover Resistance Ratings Why is consumer information for vehicle rollovers necessary? While rollovers do not occur as frequently as other types of crashes (see Figure D-1), when they do occur, the result is often serious injury or death. Rollovers accounted for more than 10,000 fatalities in the United States in 1999,

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An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance: Special Report 265 FIGURE D-1 Light vehicle crashes. (SOURCE: NHTSA General Estimates System, 1999.) more than side and rear crashes combined (see Figure D-2). They also resulted in thousands of serious injuries. NHTSA believes that most of these rollovers, and the tragic injuries that result, are preventable, if consumers understand the roles the driver, roadside environment and vehicle play in causing the rollover. FIGURE D-2 Fatal crashes. (SOURCE: NHTSA Fatality Analysis Reporting System, 1999.)

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An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance: Special Report 265 How do most vehicle rollovers occur? From its studies of real-world single-vehicle crashes, NHTSA has determined that more than 90 percent of rollovers occur after a driver runs off of the road (see Figure D-3). This does not refer to vehicles trying to negotiate difficult trails away from public roads. It refers to vehicles rolling over off of the pavement after the driver has lost control of the vehicle. Once the vehicle slides off of the pavement, a ditch, soft soil, curb or other tripping mechanism usually initiates the rollover. How should the consumer interpret NHTSA’s rollover resistance ratings? The rollover resistance ratings are based on static stability factor, which is essentially a measure of how top heavy a vehicle is. The rollover resistance ratings of vehicles were compared to 220,000 actual single vehicle crashes, and the ratings were found to relate very closely to the real-world rollover experience of vehicles. Based on these studies, NHTSA found that taller, narrower vehicles, such as sport utility vehicles (SUVs), are more likely than lower, wider vehicles, such as passenger cars, to trip and roll over once they leave the roadway. Accordingly, NHTSA awards more stars to wider and/or lower vehicles. The rollover resistance rating, however, does not address the causes of the driver losing control and the vehicle leaving the roadway in the first place. FIGURE D-3 Single-vehicle rollovers. (SOURCE: NHTSA General Estimates System, 1999.)

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An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance: Special Report 265 Does a vehicle with a higher rollover resistance rating mean it is immune from rollovers? No, even a five-star vehicle has up to a 10 percent risk of rolling over in a single-vehicle crash. In fact, because of the aggressive way in which the vehicle is driven and/or the age and skill of the driver, certain five-star vehicles such as sports cars, may have a higher number of rollovers per hundred registered vehicles than certain three-star vehicles, such as minivans, due to the fact that they are in more single-vehicle crashes. How does electronic stability control (ESC) affect rollover, and what is its relationship to the rollover resistance ratings? Most rollovers occur when a vehicle runs off the road and strikes a curb, soft shoulder, guard rail or other object that “trips” it. The rollover resistance ratings estimate the risk of rollover in event of a single-vehicle crash, usually when the vehicle runs off the road. ESC (which is offered under various trade names) is designed to assist drivers in maintaining control of their vehicles during extreme steering maneuvers. It senses when a vehicle is starting to spin out (oversteer) or plow out (understeer), and it turns the vehicle to the appropriate heading by automatically applying the brake at one or more wheels. Some systems also automatically slow the vehicle with further brake and throttle intervention. What makes ESC promising is the possibility that with its aid many drivers will avoid running off the road and having a single-vehicle crash in the first place. However, ESC cannot keep a vehicle on the road if its speed is simply too great for the available traction and the maneuver the driver is attempting, or if road departure is a result of driver inattention. In these cases, a single-vehicle crash will happen, and the rollover resistance rating will apply as it does to all vehicles in the event of a single-vehicle crash. Some of the 2001 model year vehicles that will be rated have ESC and are identified in the charts with the rollover resistance ratings. What other information does a consumer need to know in order to minimize the chances of rollover? A rollover crash is a complex event, heavily influenced by driver and road characteristics, as well as the design of the vehicle. Consequently, a consumer should also know that: All vehicles can roll over. All types of vehicles roll over in certain conditions. While SUVs have the highest number of rollovers per 100 crashes (see Figure D-4), because of the higher numbers of passenger cars on the road, almost half of all rollovers which occurred in 1999 involved passenger cars (see Figure D-5).

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An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance: Special Report 265 FIGURE D-4 Rollover rate by vehicle type. (SOURCE: NHTSA General Estimates System, 1999.) Rollovers are more likely on rural roads and highways. When a vehicle goes off rural roads it is likely to overturn when it strikes a ditch or embankment or is tripped by soft soil (see Figure D-6). Many other rollover crashes occur along freeways with grassy or dirt medians when a driver loses FIGURE D-5 Rollovers by vehicle type. (SOURCE: NHTSA General Estimates System, 1999.)

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An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance: Special Report 265 FIGURE D-6 Rural road rollover. (SOURCE: Docket No. NHTSA 2000-6859. Reprinted with permission of American Suzuki Motor Corporation; © American Suzuki Motor Corporation.) control at highway speeds and the vehicle slides sideways off the road and overturns when the tires dig into the dirt (see Figure D-7). What can the consumer do to reduce rollover risk? Since most vehicle rollovers are single-vehicle crashes, they are often preventable. They are unlike non-rollover multiple-vehicle crashes involving frontal, side and rear impacts, where another driver may have been responsible for the crash. To minimize the risk of a rollover crash and serious injury, the driver should Always wear seat belts. Regardless of vehicle choice, the consumer and his or her passengers can dramatically reduce their risk of being killed or seriously injured in a rollover crash by simply using their seat belts. Seat belt use has an even greater effect on reducing the deadliness of rollover crashes than on other crashes because so many victims of rollover crashes die as a result of being partially or completely thrown from the vehicle. NHTSA estimates that belted occupants are about 75 percent less likely to be killed in a rollover crash than unbelted occupants.

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An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance: Special Report 265 FIGURE D-7 Freeway rollover. (SOURCE: Docket No. NHTSA 2000-6859. Reprinted with permission of American Suzuki Motor Corporation; © American Suzuki Motor Corporation.) Avoid conditions that lead to loss of control. Common reasons drivers lose control of their vehicles and run off of the road include: driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, driving while sleepy or inattentive, or driving too fast for the conditions. Be careful on rural roads. Drivers should be particularly cautious on curved rural roads and maintain a safe speed to avoid running off the road and striking a ditch or embankment and rolling over. Avoid extreme panic-like steering. Another condition which may cause a rollover is where a driver overcorrects the steering as a panic reaction to an emergency or to something as simple as dropping a wheel off the pavement (see Figure D-8). Especially at freeway speeds, over correcting or excessive steering may cause the driver to lose control resulting in the vehicle sliding sideways and rolling over. If your vehicle should go off the roadway, gradually reduce the vehicle speed and then ease the vehicle back on to the roadway when it is safe to do so (see Figure D-9). Maintain tires properly. Since maintaining vehicle control is the most important factor in minimizing the chances of a vehicle rollover, improperly inflated and worn tires can be dangerous. Worn tires may cause the vehicle to slide sideways on wet or slippery pavement, resulting in the vehicle sliding off

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An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance: Special Report 265 FIGURE D-8 Out-of-control vehicle. (SOURCE: Docket No. NHTSA 2000-6859. Reprinted with permission of American Suzuki Motor Corporation; © American Suzuki Motor Corporation.) FIGURE D-9 Vehicle under control. (SOURCE: Docket No. NHTSA 2000-6859. Reprinted with permission of American Suzuki Motor Corporation; © American Suzuki Motor Corporation.)

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An Assessment of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Rating System for Rollover Resistance: Special Report 265 the road and increasing the risk of rolling over. Improper inflation can accelerate tire wear, and can even lead to catastrophic failures. It is important that consumers maintain tires properly and replace them, when necessary. Load vehicles properly. Consult your owner’s manual to determine the maximum safe load for your vehicle, and the proper distribution of that load. Pay special attention to the vehicle manufacturer’s instructions and weight limits when using any type of roof rack. Any load placed on the roof will be above the center of gravity of the vehicle and will increase the likelihood of rolling over.