salient when one considers that majority and minority home seekers may face a dual housing market; the sources used for seeking a housing unit may also differ by race. The design of the sampling frame should ideally reflect these differences.
The workshop was organized into three sessions addressing the following topics: (1) the purpose of and key policy and methodological issues related to the HDS, (2) preparations for Phase II of the HDS audit— auditing of discrimination in underserved urban communities and implications of the preceding methodological discussion for the Phase II design plan, and (3) the HUD and other methodologies for measuring discrimination. This report is structured to reflect the key issues raised on each of these topics and their relevance to the objectives of the workshop.
Chapter 2 presents an overview of the 2000 HDS, including its objectives and design. This chapter also reviews the testing methodology, with emphasis on its application to the detection of housing discrimination. Included is a summary of the workshop discussion on the advantages and disadvantages of paired testing, as well as methodological concerns regarding its use to identify discrimination in housing markets. Chapter 3 summarizes the workshop discussion on clearly defining or identifying the population of interest, in particular on whether the current HDS sampling methodology and study design do, in fact, capture the population about which inferences are drawn by researchers. Chapter 4 presents highlights of the discussion on defining housing discrimination and on the important distinction between disparate impact discrimination and disparate treatment discrimination. Chapter 5 summarizes the discussion of how to model and define housing discrimination. Finally, Chapter 6 addresses special concerns related to applying the audit study design to underserved populations, particularly Asian Americans and American Indians and those living in small metropolitan areas. In addition, three appendices are provided: Appendix A is a paper prepared for the workshop that gives a detailed description of the HDS; Appendix B is a second paper addressing some methodological issues associated with the HDS audit in a framework that is in some ways richer than that which has spawned the paired-testing methodology; and Appendix C contains the workshop agenda and a list of the workshop participants.