innovations, and a number of contextual and demand factors discussed in the report also affect trends and make it impossible to predict outcomes with any precision. There are ways, however, for those supporting or conducting R&D to develop plans that are adaptive in their design and thus more robust against a range of alternatives. The adaptiveness of the system would also benefit from more coordination among the different institutional sectors of the national innovation system (industry, academia, the nonprofit sector, and government) and from the increased technical literacy of citizens.

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