References

Abelson, P.H. 2000. Decreasing reliability of energy. Science 290(5493): 931.

Adamczyk, M. 2000. The next generation of longwall shearers. Coal Age 205 (9):74–78.

Alpers C. N., and D.W. Blowes, eds. 1994. Environmental Geochemistry of Sulfide Oxidation. Washington, D.C.: American Chemical Society Symposium.

American Geological Institute. 1997. Dictionary of Mining, Mineral, and Related Terms, 2nd ed. Alexandria, Va.: American Geological Institute.

Amils, R., and A. Ballester, eds. 1999a. Biohydrometallurgy and the Environment Toward the Mining of the 21st Century. Part A. Bioleaching Microbiology. Proceedings of the International Biohydrometallurgy Symposium, 1999. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Amils, R., and A. Ballester, eds. 1999b. Biohydrometallurgy and the Environment Toward the Mining of the 21st Century. Part B. Molecular Biology, Biosorption, Bioremediation. Proceedings of the International Biohydrometallurgy Symposium, 1999. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Australian Mineral Foundation. 1999. BIOMINE ’99. Glenside, South Australia: Australian Mineral Foundation.

Avasthi, J.M., and A.H. Singleton. 1983. Underground coal gassification: a near-term alternate fuel from unmineable coal resources. Preprint 83-304. Reston, Va.: American Society of Civil Engineers.


Barnett, H.J., and C. Morse. 1963. Scarcity and Growth: The Economics of Natural Resource Availability. Resources for the Future. Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins Press.

Bartlett, R.W. 1992. Solution Mining: Leaching and Fluid Recovery of Materials. Amsterdam: Gordon and Breach Science Publishers.

Bartlett, R.W. 1998. Solution Mining: Leaching and Fluid Recovery of Materials, 2nd Ed. Amsterdam: Gordon and Breach Science Publishers.

Bateman, A.M. 1942. The ore deposits of Kennecott, Alaska. Pp. 188–193 in Ore Deposits as Related to Structural Features, edited by W.H. Newhouse. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Bates, R.L., and J.A Jackson, eds. 1987. Glossary of Geology, 3rd ed. Alexandria: Va.: American Geological Institute.

Blowes, D.W., C.J. Ptacek, K.R. Waybrant, J.D. Bain, and W.D. Robertson. 1995. Treatment of mine drainage water using in situ permeable reactive walls. Pp. 979–987 in Proceedings of the Sudbury ’95 - Mining and the Environment, Vol II. Sudsbury, Ontario: CANMET.


Carter, R.A. 1999. Jumbo equipment: haul more, haul faster, haul longer. Engineering and Mining Journal 200(7):28–32.

Catcheside, D.G.A., and J.P. Ralph. 1997. Biological Processing of Coal and Carbonaceous Materials. Pp. 11–18 in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Coal Science, Vol. 1. Essen, Germany: P&W Druck und Verlag GMBH.

Chi, G., M.C. Fuerstenau, R.C. Bradt, and A. Ghosh. 1996. Improved comminution efficiency through controlled blasting during mining. International Journal of Mineral Processes 47:93–101.

Chiaro, P.S., and G.F. Joklik. 1998. The extractive industries. Pp. 13–26 in The Ecology of Industry: Sectors and Linkages, edited by D.J. Richards and G. Pearson. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Engineering.

Conroy, P.J., J.M. Heimerl, and E. Fisher. 2000. Rapid Excavation and Mining (REAM) System Revisited. Report ARL-TR-2249. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Army Research Laboratory.

Cox, D.P., and D.A. Singer, eds. 1992. Mineral Deposit Models, U.S.G.S. Bulletin, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Geological Survey.

Coyne, K.R., and Hiskey, J.B., eds. 1989. In-Situ Recovery of Minerals. New York: United Engineering Foundation.

Crozier, R.D. 1992. Oxide and Non-Metallic Mineral Flotation. Pp, 212– 259 in Flotation Theory, Reagents, and Ore Testing, Oxford, U.K.: Pergamon Press.


Das, G.K., S. Acharya, S. Anand, and R.P. Das. 1996. Jarosite: a review. Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy Review 6: 185–210.

Doyle, F.M., and A.H. Mirza. 1990. Understanding the mechanisms and kinetics of acid and heavy metals release from pyretic wastes. Pp. 43– 51 in Mining and Mineral Processing Wastes, edited by F. Doyle. Littleton Colo.: Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration.


EIA (Energy Information Agency). 1999a. U.S. Coal Reserves: 1997 Update. Washington, D.C. U.S. Department of Energy. Available online: http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/coal/reserves/front-1.html

EIA. 1999b. Annual Energy Review. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Energy. Available online: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/aer/overview.html

EIA. 1999c. U.S. Coal Supply and Demand: 1999 Review. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Energy.

EIA. 1999d. Uranium Industry Annual. Washington, D.C.: Energy Information Administration. Available on line at: http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/nuclear/uia/uia.pdf

Eppinger, R.G., P.H. Briggs, D. Rosenkrans, and V. Ballestrazze. 2000. Environmental geochemical studies of selected mineral deposits in Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve, Alaska. U.S.Geological Survey Professional Paper. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Geological Survey.


Fiscor, S. 1999. U.S. Longwall Census 1999. Coal Age 104(2): 30–35.

Fuerstenau, M.C., J.D. Miller, and M.C. Kuhn. 1985. Chemistry of Flotation. New York: Society of Mining Engineers.


Gao, M.W., K.R. Weller, and K.S.E. Forssberg. 1995. Energy particle size relationships in a stirred ball mill. Pp. 193–204 in Mineral Processing, edited by S.P. Mehrotra and R. Shekhar. New Delhi: Allied Publishers, Ltd.

Gillette, R.S., R.A. Jankoswski, and F.N. Kissell. 1988. Increasing coal output will require better dust control. Pp. 52–55 in Proceedings of the 7th International Pneumoconiosis Conference. Pittsburgh, Pa.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

Gobla, M., S. Schurman, and A. Sogue. 2000. Using Envirobond ARD to



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Evolutionary and Revolutionary Technologies for Mining References Abelson, P.H. 2000. Decreasing reliability of energy. Science 290(5493): 931. Adamczyk, M. 2000. The next generation of longwall shearers. Coal Age 205 (9):74–78. Alpers C. N., and D.W. Blowes, eds. 1994. Environmental Geochemistry of Sulfide Oxidation. Washington, D.C.: American Chemical Society Symposium. American Geological Institute. 1997. Dictionary of Mining, Mineral, and Related Terms, 2nd ed. Alexandria, Va.: American Geological Institute. Amils, R., and A. Ballester, eds. 1999a. Biohydrometallurgy and the Environment Toward the Mining of the 21st Century. Part A. Bioleaching Microbiology. Proceedings of the International Biohydrometallurgy Symposium, 1999. Amsterdam: Elsevier. Amils, R., and A. Ballester, eds. 1999b. Biohydrometallurgy and the Environment Toward the Mining of the 21st Century. Part B. Molecular Biology, Biosorption, Bioremediation. Proceedings of the International Biohydrometallurgy Symposium, 1999. Amsterdam: Elsevier. Australian Mineral Foundation. 1999. BIOMINE ’99. Glenside, South Australia: Australian Mineral Foundation. Avasthi, J.M., and A.H. Singleton. 1983. Underground coal gassification: a near-term alternate fuel from unmineable coal resources. Preprint 83-304. Reston, Va.: American Society of Civil Engineers. Barnett, H.J., and C. Morse. 1963. Scarcity and Growth: The Economics of Natural Resource Availability. Resources for the Future. Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins Press. Bartlett, R.W. 1992. Solution Mining: Leaching and Fluid Recovery of Materials. Amsterdam: Gordon and Breach Science Publishers. Bartlett, R.W. 1998. Solution Mining: Leaching and Fluid Recovery of Materials, 2nd Ed. Amsterdam: Gordon and Breach Science Publishers. Bateman, A.M. 1942. The ore deposits of Kennecott, Alaska. Pp. 188–193 in Ore Deposits as Related to Structural Features, edited by W.H. Newhouse. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Bates, R.L., and J.A Jackson, eds. 1987. Glossary of Geology, 3rd ed. Alexandria: Va.: American Geological Institute. Blowes, D.W., C.J. Ptacek, K.R. Waybrant, J.D. Bain, and W.D. Robertson. 1995. Treatment of mine drainage water using in situ permeable reactive walls. Pp. 979–987 in Proceedings of the Sudbury ’95 - Mining and the Environment, Vol II. Sudsbury, Ontario: CANMET. Carter, R.A. 1999. Jumbo equipment: haul more, haul faster, haul longer. Engineering and Mining Journal 200(7):28–32. Catcheside, D.G.A., and J.P. Ralph. 1997. Biological Processing of Coal and Carbonaceous Materials. Pp. 11–18 in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Coal Science, Vol. 1. Essen, Germany: P&W Druck und Verlag GMBH. Chi, G., M.C. Fuerstenau, R.C. Bradt, and A. Ghosh. 1996. Improved comminution efficiency through controlled blasting during mining. International Journal of Mineral Processes 47:93–101. Chiaro, P.S., and G.F. Joklik. 1998. The extractive industries. Pp. 13–26 in The Ecology of Industry: Sectors and Linkages, edited by D.J. Richards and G. Pearson. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Engineering. Conroy, P.J., J.M. Heimerl, and E. Fisher. 2000. Rapid Excavation and Mining (REAM) System Revisited. Report ARL-TR-2249. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: Army Research Laboratory. Cox, D.P., and D.A. Singer, eds. 1992. Mineral Deposit Models, U.S.G.S. Bulletin, Washington, D.C.: U.S. Geological Survey. Coyne, K.R., and Hiskey, J.B., eds. 1989. In-Situ Recovery of Minerals. New York: United Engineering Foundation. Crozier, R.D. 1992. Oxide and Non-Metallic Mineral Flotation. Pp, 212– 259 in Flotation Theory, Reagents, and Ore Testing, Oxford, U.K.: Pergamon Press. Das, G.K., S. Acharya, S. Anand, and R.P. Das. 1996. Jarosite: a review. Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy Review 6: 185–210. Doyle, F.M., and A.H. Mirza. 1990. Understanding the mechanisms and kinetics of acid and heavy metals release from pyretic wastes. Pp. 43– 51 in Mining and Mineral Processing Wastes, edited by F. Doyle. Littleton Colo.: Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration. EIA (Energy Information Agency). 1999a. U.S. Coal Reserves: 1997 Update. Washington, D.C. U.S. Department of Energy. Available online: http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/coal/reserves/front-1.html EIA. 1999b. Annual Energy Review. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Energy. Available online: http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/aer/overview.html EIA. 1999c. U.S. Coal Supply and Demand: 1999 Review. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Energy. EIA. 1999d. Uranium Industry Annual. Washington, D.C.: Energy Information Administration. Available on line at: http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/nuclear/uia/uia.pdf Eppinger, R.G., P.H. Briggs, D. Rosenkrans, and V. Ballestrazze. 2000. Environmental geochemical studies of selected mineral deposits in Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve, Alaska. U.S.Geological Survey Professional Paper. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Geological Survey. Fiscor, S. 1999. U.S. Longwall Census 1999. Coal Age 104(2): 30–35. Fuerstenau, M.C., J.D. Miller, and M.C. Kuhn. 1985. Chemistry of Flotation. New York: Society of Mining Engineers. Gao, M.W., K.R. Weller, and K.S.E. Forssberg. 1995. Energy particle size relationships in a stirred ball mill. Pp. 193–204 in Mineral Processing, edited by S.P. Mehrotra and R. Shekhar. New Delhi: Allied Publishers, Ltd. Gillette, R.S., R.A. Jankoswski, and F.N. Kissell. 1988. Increasing coal output will require better dust control. Pp. 52–55 in Proceedings of the 7th International Pneumoconiosis Conference. Pittsburgh, Pa.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Gobla, M., S. Schurman, and A. Sogue. 2000. Using Envirobond ARD to

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