and 3). Chapters 4 and 5 identify technologies relevant to health and safety and environmental issues, respectively (Tasks 5 and 6). The health, safety, and environmental risks and benefits of individual technologies are also interwoven in the descriptions of individual technologies in Chapter 3. Chapter 6 describes current activities in federal government agencies that could be applicable to the mining sector (Task 4). Chapter 7 discusses the need for federally sponsored research and development in mining technologies. Chapter 8 summarizes the committee’s conclusions and recommendations (Task 7).