REFERENCES

Adams, A.J., Verdon, W.A., and Spivey, B.E. (1998). Chapter 19: Color vision. In T.D. Duane, W.E. Tasman, and E.A. Jaeger (eds.), Duane’s foundations of clinical ophthalmology. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins.

Adams, A.J., Wong, L.S., Wong, L., and Gould, B. (1988). Visual acuity changes with age: Some new perspectives. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics, 65(5), 403-406.

Adams, R.J., and Courage, M.L. (1993). Contrast sensitivity in 24- and 36-month-olds as assessed with the contrast sensitivity card procedure. Optometry and Vision Science, 70(2), 97-101.

Adams, R.J., and Courage, M.L. (1996). Monocular contrast sensitivity in 3-to 36-month-old human infants. Optometry and Vision Science, 73(8), 546-551.

Adams, R.J., Courage, M.L., and Drover, J.R. (2000). Retest variability of human infant contrast sensitivity: How many tests are sufficient? Optometry and Vision Science, 77(2), 90-95.

Adams, R.J., Mercer, M.E., and Courage, M.L. (1992). A new technique to measure contrast sensitivity in human infants. Optometry and Vision Science, 69(6), 440-446.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 231
Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits REFERENCES Adams, A.J., Verdon, W.A., and Spivey, B.E. (1998). Chapter 19: Color vision. In T.D. Duane, W.E. Tasman, and E.A. Jaeger (eds.), Duane’s foundations of clinical ophthalmology. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins. Adams, A.J., Wong, L.S., Wong, L., and Gould, B. (1988). Visual acuity changes with age: Some new perspectives. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics, 65(5), 403-406. Adams, R.J., and Courage, M.L. (1993). Contrast sensitivity in 24- and 36-month-olds as assessed with the contrast sensitivity card procedure. Optometry and Vision Science, 70(2), 97-101. Adams, R.J., and Courage, M.L. (1996). Monocular contrast sensitivity in 3-to 36-month-old human infants. Optometry and Vision Science, 73(8), 546-551. Adams, R.J., Courage, M.L., and Drover, J.R. (2000). Retest variability of human infant contrast sensitivity: How many tests are sufficient? Optometry and Vision Science, 77(2), 90-95. Adams, R.J., Mercer, M.E., and Courage, M.L. (1992). A new technique to measure contrast sensitivity in human infants. Optometry and Vision Science, 69(6), 440-446.

OCR for page 231
Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits Ahn, S.J., and Legge, G.E. (1995). Psychophysics of reading. XIII. Predictors of magnifier-aided reading speed in low vision. Vision Research, 35(13), 1931-1938. Alexander, M.F., Maguire, M.G., Lietman, T.M., Snyder, J.R., Elman, M.J., and Fine, S.L. (1988). Assessment of visual function in patients with age-related macular degeneration and low visual acuity. Archives of Ophthalmology, 106(11), 1543-1547. American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Practice and Ambulatory Medicine, Section on Ophthalmology. (1996). Eye examination and vision screening in infants, children, and young adults. Pediatrics, 98(1), 153-157. American Medical Association. (1993). Guides to the evaluation of permanent impairment (4th ed.). Chicago, IL: American Medical Association. American Medical Association. (2001). Guides to the evaluation of permanent impairment (5th ed.). Chicago, IL: American Medical Association. American Medical Association and the Committee on Medical Rating of Physical Impairment. (1958). Guides to the evaluation of permanent impairment: The visual system. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 168, 475-485. American National Standards Institute International Standards. (1986a). ISO/ DIS 8596. Optics and optical instruments - visual acuity testing - standard optotype and its presentation. American National Standards Institute International Standards. (1986b). ISO/ DIS 8597. Optics and optical instruments - visual acuity testing - correlation of optotypes. Anderson, D.R., and Patella, V.M. (1999). Automated static perimetry (2nd ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby. Appollonio, I., Carabellese, C., Magni, E., Frattola, L., and Trabucchi, M. (1995). Sensory impairments and mortality in an elderly community population: A six-year follow-up study. Age and Ageing, 24(1), 30-36. Aquilante, K., Yager, D., and Morris, R. (2000). Are low vision patients with central visual field loss more sensitive to changes in luminance when reading than are age-matched normals? In Vision science and its applications 2000, OSA technical digest series.

OCR for page 231
Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits Arditi, A. (1999). Elicited sequential presentation for low-vision reading. Vision Research, 39(26), 4412-4418. Arditi, A., and Brabyn, J.A. (2000). Signage and wayfinding. In B. Silverstone, M.A. Lang, B.P. Rosenthal, and E.E. Faye (eds.), The Lighthouse handbook on vision impairment and vision rehabilitation (Vol. 2). Oxford University Press. Arditi, A., and Cagenello, R. (1993). On the statistical reliability of letter-chart visual acuity measurements. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 34(1), 120-129. Armstrong, J.D. (1972). An independent evaluation of the Kay Binaural Sensor. Nottingham, England: University of Nottingham. Armstrong, J.D. (1975). Evaluation of man-made systems in the mobility of the visually handicapped. In R.M. Pickett, and T.J. Triggs (eds.), Human factors in health care. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books. Atkinson, J., Anker, S., Evans, C., Hall, R., and Pimm-Smith E. (1988). Visual acuity testing of young children with the Cambridge Crowding Cards at 3 and 6 months. Acta Ophthalmologica, 66(5), 505-508. Atkinson, J., French, J., and Braddick, O.J. (1981). Contrast sensitivity function of preschool children. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 65(8), 525-529. Attebo, K., Mitchell, P., and Smith, W. (1996). Visual acuity and the causes of visual loss in Australia: The Blue Mountains Eye Study. Ophthalmology, 103(3), 357-364. Auestad, N., Montalto, M.B., Hall, R.T., Fitzgerald, K.M., Wheeler, R.E., Connor, W.E., Neuringer, M., Connor, S.L., Taylor, J.A., and Hartmann, E.E. (1997). Visual acuity, erythrocyte fatty acid composition, and growth in term infants fed formulas with long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids for one year: Ross Pediatric Lipid Study. Pediatric Research, 41(1), 1-10. Bailey, I.L., and Bullimore, M.A. (1991). A new test for the evaluation of disability glare. Optometry and Vision Science, 68(12), 911-917. Bailey, I.L., and Lovie, J.E. (1976). New design principles for visual acuity letter charts. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics, 53(11), 740-745.

OCR for page 231
Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits Bailey, I.L., and Lovie, J.E. (1980). The design and use of a new near-vision chart. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics, 57(6), 378-387. Bailey, I.L., Bullimore, M.A., Raasch, T.W., and Taylor, H.R. (1991). Clinical grading and the effects of scaling. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 32(2), 422-432. Baldasare, J., Watson, G.R., Whittaker, S.G., and Miller-Shaffer, H. (1986). The development and evaluation of a reading test for low vision individuals with macular loss. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 80(6), 785-789. Ball, K.K., and Owsley, C. (1991). Identifying correlates of accident involvement for the older driver. Human Factors, 33(5), 583-595. Ball, K.K., Owsley, C., Sloane, M.E., Roenker, D.L., and Bruni, J.R. (1993). Visual attention problems as a predictor of vehicle crashes in older drivers . Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 34(11), 3110-3123. Ball, K.K., Roenker, D.L., and Bruni, J.R. (1990). Developmental changes in attention and visual search throughout adulthood. In J.T. Enns (ed.), The development of attention: Research and theory. Advances in psychology (pp. 489-508). Amsterdam, Netherlands: North-Holland. Banks, M.S., and Salapatek, P. (1981). Infant pattern vision: A new approach based on the contrast sensitivity function. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 31(1), 1-45. Barlow, H.B. (1972). Dark and light adaptation: Psychophysics. In D. Jameson, and L.M. Hurvich (eds.), (Vol. 7, Chap. 4, pp. 1-55). New York, NY: Springer-Verlag. Barrett, G.V., Mihal, W.L., Panek, P.E., Sterns, H.L., and Alexander, R.A. (1977). Information-processing skills predictive of accident involvement for younger and older commercial drivers. Industrial Gerontology, 4, 173-182. Beck, R.W., Diehl, L., Cleary, P.A., and The Optic Neuritis Study Group. (1993). The Pelli-Robson letter chart: Normative data for young adults. Clinical Vision Sciences, 8, 207-210. Beckman, C., Scott, R., and Garner, L.F. (1992). Comparison of three methods of evaluating glare. Acta Ophthalmologica, 70(1), 53-59.

OCR for page 231
Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits Beckmann, P.J., and Legge, G.E. (1996). Psychophysics of reading. XIV. The page navigation problem in using magnifiers. Vision Research, 36(22), 3723-3733. Bengtsson, B., and Heijl, A. (1998a). Evaluation of a new perimetric threshold strategy, SITA, in patients with manifest and suspect glaucoma. Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica, 76(3), 268-272. Bengtsson, B., and Heijl, A. (1998b). SITA Fast, a new rapid perimetric threshold test. Description of methods and evaluation in patients with manifest and suspect glaucoma. Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica, 76(4), 431-437. Bengtsson, B., and Heijl, A. (1999a). Comparing significance and magnitude of glaucomatous visual field defects using the SITA and Full Threshold strategies. Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica, 77(2), 143-146. Bengtsson, B., and Heijl, A. (1999b). Inter-subject variability and normal limits of the SITA Standard, SITA Fast, and the Humphrey Full Threshold computerized perimetry strategies, SITA STATPAC. Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica, 77(2), 125-129. Bengtsson, B., Heijl, A., and Olsson, J. (1998). Evaluation of a new threshold visual field strategy, SITA, in normal subjects. Swedish Interactive Thresholding Algorithm. Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica, 76(2), 165-169. Bengtsson, B., Olsson, J., Heijl, A., and Rootzen, H. (1997). A new generation of algorithms for computerized threshold perimetry, SITA. Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica, 75(4), 368-375. Blake, R., and Fox, R. (1973). The psychophysical inquiry into binocular summation. Perception and Psychophysics, 14(1), 161-185. Blasch, B.B., Wiener, W.R., and Welsh, R.L. (1997). Foundations of orientation and mobility (2nd ed.). New York, NY: AFB Press. Bowering, E.R., Maurer, D., Lewis, T.L., and Brent, H.P. (1993). Sensitivity in the nasal and temporal hemifields in children treated for cataract. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 34(13), 3501-3509. Bowering, E.R., Maurer, D., Lewis, T.L., and Brent, H.P. (1997). Constriction of the visual field of children after early visual deprivation. Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 34(6), 347-356.

OCR for page 231
Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits Brabyn, J.A. (1990). Summary of proceedings of the Conference on Driver Competency Assessment. (pp. 52-54). Brabyn, J.A. (1999). Visual function in the oldest old. Proceedings of the 15th Biennial Eye Research Seminar: Research to prevent blindness. Brabyn, J.A., and Strelow, E.R. (1977). Computer-analyzed measures of characteristics of human locomotion and mobility. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments and Computers, 9(5), 456-462. Brabyn, J.A., Haegerstrom-Portnoy, G., Schneck, M.E., and Lott, L.A. (2000). Visual impairment in older people under everyday viewing conditions. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 94(12), 741-755. Brabyn, J.A., Schneck, M.E., and Haegerstrom-Portnoy, G. (1995). Measured and self-reported visual function in the elderly. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science Supplement, 36, 3075. Brabyn, J.A., Schneck, M.E., Haegerstrom-Portnoy, G., and Steinman, B. (1994). Vision test performance and accident proneness in drivers over the age of 55 . In Proceedings, vision science and its applications topical meeting (Vol. 2pp. 210-213). Optical Society of America. British Standards Institution. (1968). Specification for test charts for determining distance visual acuity. London, England. Broman, A.T., Munoz, B., West, S.K., Rodriguez, J., Sanchez, R., Snyder, R., and Klein, R. (2001). Psychometric properties of the 25-item NEI-VFQ in a Hispanic population: Proyecto VER. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 42(3), 606-613. Brown, B., Brabyn, L., Welch, L., Haegerstrom-Portnoy, G., and Colenbrander, A. (1986). Contribution of vision variables to mobility in age-related maculopathy patients. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics, 63(9), 733-739. Brown, B., Zadnik, K., Bailey, I.L., and Colenbrander, A. (1984). Effect of luminance, contrast, and eccentricity on visual acuity in senile macular degeneration. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics, 61(4), 265-270. Bullimore, M.A., and Bailey, I.L. (1995). Reading and eye movements in age-related maculopathy. Optometry and Vision Science, 72(2), 125-138.

OCR for page 231
Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits Bullimore, M.A., Bailey, I.L., and Wacker, R.T. (1991). Face recognition in age-related maculopathy. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 32(7), 2020-2029. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. (2000). Occupational outlook handbook, 2000-01 edition, bulletin 2520. Washington, DC: Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office. Burg, A. (1967). The relationship between test scores and driving record: General findings. (Report No. 67-24). Los Angeles: Department of Engineering, UCLA. Burg, A. (1968). Vision test scores and driving record: Additional findings. (Report No. 68-27). Los Angeles: Department of Engineering, UCLA. Burkhauser, R.V., Daly, M.C., and Houtenville, A.J. (2000). How working age people with disabilities fared over the 1990s business cycle. In P.P. Budetti, R.V. Burkhauser, J.M. Gregory, and H.A. Hunt (eds.), Ensuring health and income security for an aging workforce. Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. UpJohn Institute for Employment Research. Cagenello, R., Arditi, A., and Halpern, D.L. (1993). Binocular enhancement of visual acuity. Journal of the Optical Society of America A. Optics and Image Science, 10(8), 1841-1848. Campbell, F.W., and Green, D.G. (1965). Monocular versus binocular visual acuity. Nature, 208(6), 191-192. Carabellese, C., Appollonio, I., Rozzini, R., Bianchetti, A., Frisoni, G.B., Frattola, L., and Trabucchi, M. (1993). Sensory impairment and quality of life in a community elderly population. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 41(4), 401-407. Carrasco, M., and Chang, I. (1995). The interaction of objective and subjective organizations in a localization search task. Perception and Psychophysics, 57(8), 1134-1150. Carrasco, M., and Frieder, K.S. (1997). Cortical magnification neutralizes the eccentricity effect in visual search. Vision Research, 37(1), 63-82. Carver, R.P. (1990). Reading rate: A review of research and theory. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

OCR for page 231
Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits Cashell, G.T.W. (1970). Visual function in relation to road accidents. Injury, 2(1), 8-10. Cassard, S.D., Patrick, D.L., Damiano, A.M., Legro, M.W., Tielsch, J.M., Diener-West, M., Schein, O.D., Javitt, J.C., Bass, E.B., and Steinberg, E.P. (1995). Reproducibility and responsiveness of the VF-14. An index of functional impairment in patients with cataracts. Archives of Ophthalmology, 113(12), 1508-1513. Charman, W.N. (1985). Visual standards for driving. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 5(2), 211-220. Chung, S.T.L., Mansfield, J.S., and Legge, G.E. (1998). Psychophysics of reading. XVIII. The effect of print size on reading speed in normal peripheral vision. Vision Research, 38(19), 2949-2962. Cioni, G., Bertuccelli, B., Boldrini, A., Canapicchi, R., Fazzi, B., Guzzetta, A., and Mercuri, E. (2000). Correlation between visual function, neurodevelopmental outcome, and magnetic resonance imaging findings in infants with periventricular leucomalacia. Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition, 82(2), F134-F140. Cole, S.R., Beck, R.W., Moke, P.S., Gal, R.L., and Long, D.T. (2000). The National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire: Experience of the ONTT. Optic Neuritis Treatment Trial. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 41(5), 1017-1021. Consilium Ophthalmologicum Universale Visual Functions Committee. (1988). Visual acuity measurement standard. Italian Journal of Opthalmology, II, 15. Council, F.M., and Allen, J.A. (1974). A study of the visual fields of North Carolina drivers and their relationships to accidents. Chapel Hill: Highway Safety Research Center, University of North Carolina. Courage, M.L., and Adams, R.J. (1990). Visual acuity assessment from birth to three years using the acuity card procedure: Cross-sectional and longitudinal samples. Optometry and Vision Science, 67(9), 713-718. Courage, M.L., Adams, R.J., and Hall, E.J. (1997). Contrast sensitivity in infants and children with Down syndrome. Vision Research, 37(11), 1545-1555.

OCR for page 231
Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits Courage, M.L., Adams, R.J., Reyno, S., and Kwa, P.G. (1994). Visual acuity in infants and children with Down syndrome. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 36(7), 586-593. Crandall, W., Brabyn, J.A., Bentzen, B.L., and Myers, L. (1999). Remote infrared signage evaluation for transit stations and intersections. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 36(4), 341-355. Cronly-Dillon, J.R. (1991). Vision and visual dysfunction. Boca Raton: CRC Press. Cross, A.W. (1985). Health screening in schools: Part 1. The Journal of Pediatrics, 107(4), 487-494. Cruickshanks, K.J., Fryback, D.G., Nondahl, D.M., Robinson, N., Keesey, U., Dalton, D.S., Robertson, D.M., Chandra, S.R., Mieler, W.F., Zakov, Z.N., Custer, P.L., Del Priore, L.V., and Albert, D.M. (1999). Treatment choice and quality of life in patients with choroidal melanoma. Archives of Ophthalmology, 117(4), 461-467. Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity Cooperative Group. (1996). Multicenter trial of cryotherapy for retinopathy of prematurity: Snellen visual acuity and structural outcome at 5 1/2 years after randomization. Archives of Ophthalmology, 114(4), 417-424. Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity Cooperative Group. (2001a). Contrast sensitivity at age ten years in children who had threshold retinopathy of prematurity. Archives of Ophthalmology, 119, 1129-1133. Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity Cooperative Group. (2001b). Effect of retinal ablative therapy for threshold retinopathy of prematurity: Results of Goldmann perimetry at age ten years. Archives of Ophthalmology, 119, 1120-1125. Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity Cooperative Group. (2001c). Multicenter trial of cryotherapy for retinopathy of prematurity: Ophthalmological outcomes at ten years. Archives of Ophthalmology, 119, 1110-1118. Cummings, M.F., van Hof-van Duin, J., Mayer, D.L., Hansen, R.M., and Fulton, A.B. (1988). Visual fields of young children. Behavioural Brain Research, 29(1-2), 7-16.

OCR for page 231
Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits Cushman, L.A. (1996). Cognitive capacity and concurent driving performance in older drivers. International Association of Traffic and Safety Sciences Research, 20(1), 38-45. Dargent-Molina, P., Hays, M., and Breart, G. (1996). Sensory impairments and physical disability in aged women living at home. International Journal of Epidemiology, 25(3), 621-629. Davison, P.A. (1985). Inter-relationships between British drivers’ visual abilities, age and road accident histories. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics , 5(2), 195-204. Day, S. (1990). History, examination and further investigation. In D.S. Taylor (ed.), Pediatric ophthalmology (pp. 47-64). Boston, MA: Blackwell Scientific Publications. de Souza, E.C., Berezovsky, A., Morales, P.H., de Arruda Mello, P.A., de Oliveira Bonomo, P.P., and Salomão, S.R. (2000). Visual field defects in children with congenital glaucoma. Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 37(5), 266-272. de Waard, P.W., IJspeert, J.K., van den Berg, T.J., and de Jong, P.T.V.M. (1992). Intraocular light scattering in age-related cataracts. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 33(3), 618-625. Decina, L.E., and Staplin, L. (1993). Retrospective evaluation of alternative vision screening criteria for older and younger drivers. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 25(3), 267-275. DeLuca, M., Spinelli, D., and Zoccolotti, P. (1996). Eye movement patterns in reading as a function of visual field defects and contrast sensitivity loss. Cortex, 32(3), 491-502. DeMarco, L.M., and Massof, R.W. (1997). Distributions of print sizes in U. S. newspapers. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 91(1), 9-13. Demer, J.L., Porter, F.I., Goldberg, J., Jenkins, H.A., and Schmidt, K. (1988). Dynamic visual acuity with telescopic spectacles: Improvement with adaptation. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 29(7), 1184-1189. Den Brinker, B.P.L.M., and Beek, P.J. (1996). Reading with magnifiers. Ergonomics, 39(10), 1231-1248.

OCR for page 231
Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits Dickinson, C., and Rabbitt, P.M.A. (1991). Simulated visual impairment: Effects on text comprehension and reading speed. Clinical Vision Sciences, 6, 301-308. Dobson, V., Quinn, G.E., Siatkowski, R.M., Baker, J.D., Hardy, R.J., Reynolds, J.D., Trese, M.T., Tung, B., and Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity Cooperative Group. (1999). Agreement between grating acuity at age 1 year and Snellen acuity at age 5.5 years in the preterm child. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 40(2), 496-503. Dobson, V., Quinn, G.E., Summers, C.G., Saunders, R.A., Phelps, D.L., Tung, B., Palmer, E.A., and Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity Cooperative Group. (1994). Effect of acute-phase retinopathy of prematurity on grating acuity development in the very low birth weight infant. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 35(13), 4236-4244. Dodds, A.G., Carter, D.D., and Howarth, C.I. (1983). Improving objective measures of mobility. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 77(9), 438-442. Donahue, S.P., and Porter, A. (2001). SITA visual field testing in children. Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 5(2), 114-114. Dowdeswell, H.J., Slater, A.M., Broomhall, J., and Tripp, J. (1995). Visual deficits in children born at less than 32 weeks’ gestation with and without major ocular pathology and cerebral damage. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 79(5), 447-452. Duchek, J.M., Hunt, L., Ball, K.K., Buckles, V., and Morris, J.C. (1998). Attention and driving performance in Alzheimer’s disease. Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 53(2), P130-P141. Ehrlich, M.I., Reinecke, R.D., and Simons, K. (1983). Preschool vision screening for amblyopia and strabismus. Programs, methods, guidelines. Survey of Ophthalmology, 28(3), 145-163. Eken, P., de Vries, L.S., van Nieuwenhuizen, O., Schalij-Delfos, N.E., Reits, D., and Spekreijse, H. (1996). Early predictors of cerebral visual impairment in infants with cystic leukomalacia. Neuropediatrics, 27(1), 16-25. Elliott, D.B. (1998). Contrast sensitivity and glare testing. In J. Benjamin, and I. Borish (eds.), Clinical refraction (pp. 203-241). Butterworths.

OCR for page 231
Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits Rayner, K., and Bertera, J.H. (1979). Reading without a fovea. Science, 206(4417), 468-469. Regan, D. (1991a). Spatial vision. In J.R. Cronly-Dillon Vision and visual dysfunction. Boca Raton: CRC Press. Regan, D. (1991b). Spatiotemporal abnormalities of vision in patients with multiple sclerosis. In D. Regan (ed.), Vision and visual dysfunction, Volume 10: Spatial vision (pp. 239-247). London: MacMillan Press. Reinach, S.J., Rizzo, M., and McGehee, D.V. (1997). Driving with Alzheimer disease: The anatomy of a crash. Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders, 11(Suppl 1), 21-27. Richards, W. (1970). Stereopsis and stereoblindness. Experimental Brain Research, 10(4), 380-388. Rieser, J.J., Hill, E.W., Talor, C.R., Bradfield, A., and Rosen, S. (1992). Visual experience, visual field size, and the development of nonvisual sensitivity to the spatial structure of outdoor neighborhoods explored by walking. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 121(2), 210-221. Rizzo, M., Reinach, S.J., McGehee, D.V., and Dawson, J. (1997). Simulated car crashes and crash predictors in drivers with Alzheimer disease. Archives of Neurology, 54(5), 545-551. Rodriguez, J., Sanchez, R., Munoz, B., West, S.K., Broman, A.T., Snyder, R., Klein, R., and Quigley, H. (2002). Causes of blindness and visual impairment in a population based sample of US Hispanics. Ophthalmology, 109, 737-743. Rogers, G.L., Bremer, D.L., and Leguire, L.E. (1987). Contrast sensitivity functions in normal children with the Vistech method. Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 24(5), 216-219. Rogers, P.N., Ratz, M., and Janke, M.K. (1987). Accident and conviction rates of visually impaired heavy-vehicle operators. Sacramento, CA: State of California, Department of Motor Vehicles, Research and Development Office. Rohaly, A.M., and Owsley, C. (1993). Modeling the contrast-sensitivity functions of older adults. Journal of the Optical Society of America A. Optics and Image Science, 10(7), 1591-1599.

OCR for page 231
Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits Rosow, I., and Breslau, N. (1966). A Guttman health scale for the aged. Journal of Gerontology, 21(4), 556-559. Rubin, G.S. (1988). Reliability and sensitivity of clinical contrast sensitivity tests. Clinical Vision Sciences, 2(3), 169-177. Rubin, G.S., and Legge, G.E. (1989). Psychophysics of reading. VI. The role of contrast in low vision. Vision Research, 29(1), 79-91. Rubin, G.S., and Schuchard, R.A. (1989). Does contrast sensitivity predict face recognition performance in low vision observers? In Noninvasive assessment of the visual system (pp. 130-133). Washington, DC: Optical Society of America. Rubin, G.S., and Turano, K.A. (1992). Reading without saccadic eye movements. Vision Research, 32(5), 895-902. Rubin, G.S., and Turano, K.A. (1994). Low vision reading with sequential word presentation. Vision Research, 34(13), 1723-1733. Rubin, G.S., Adamsons, I.A., and Stark, W.J. (1993). Comparison of acuity, contrast sensitivity, and disability glare before and after cataract surgery. Archives of Ophthalmology, 111(1), 56-61. Rubin, G.S., Bandeen-Roche, K., Huang, G.H., Munoz, B., Schein, O.D., Fried, L.P., and West, S.K. (2001). The association of multiple visual impairments with self-reported visual disability: SEE project. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 42(1), 64-72. Rubin, G.S., Bandeen-Roche, K., Prasada-Rao, P., and Fried, L.P. (1994). Visual impairment and disability in older adults. Optometry and Vision Science, 71(12), 750-760. Rubin, G.S., Keyl, P.M., Munoz, B., Bandeen-Roche, K., Huang, G.H., West, S.K., and SEE Project Team. (1999). The association of vision, cognition, and attention with crashes in an older American population: SEE Study. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science Supplement, 40, S387. Rubin, G.S., Munoz, B., Bandeen-Roche, K., and West, S.K. (2000). Monocular versus binocular visual acuity as measures of vision impairment and predictors of visual disability. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 41(11), 3327-3334.

OCR for page 231
Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits Rubin, G.S., West, S.K., Munoz, B., Bandeen-Roche, K., Zeger, S., Schein, O.D., and Fried, L.P. (1997). A comprehensive assessment of visual impairment in a population of older Americans: The SEE Study: Salisbury Eye Evaluation Project. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 38(3), 557-568. Rudberg, M.A., Furner, S.E., Dunn, J.E., and Cassel, C.K. (1993). The relationship of visual and hearing impairments to disability: An analysis using the longitudinal study of aging. Journal of Gerontology, 48(6), M261-M265. Rudel, R.G., and Teuber, H.L. (1963). Discrimination of direction of line in children. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 56, 892-898. Rumney, N.J., and Leat, S.J. (1994). Why do low vision patients still read slowly with a low vision aid? In A.C. Kooijman (ed.), Low vision: Research and new developments in rehabilitation (pp. 269-274). Amsterdam: IOS Press. Russell-Eggitt, I.M., Mackey, D.A., Taylor, D.S., Timms, C., and Walker, J.W. (2000). Vigabatrin-associated visual field defects in children. Eye, 14(Pt 3a), 334-339. Rydberg, A., and Han, Y. (1999). Assessment of contrast sensitivity in children aged 3 years 9 months - 6 years with normal vision, visual impairment due to ocular disease and strabismic amblyopia. Strabismus, 7(2), 79-95. Safran, A.B., Laffi, G.L., Bullinger, A., Viviani, P., de Weisse, C., Desangles, D., Tschopp, C., and Mermoud, C. (1996). Feasibility of automated visual field examination in children between 5 and 8 years of age. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 80(6), 515-518. Salive, M.E., Guralnik, J., Glynn, R.J., Christen, W., Wallace, R.B., and Ostfeld, A.M. (1994). Association of visual impairment with mobility and physical function. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 42(3), 287-292. Salomão, S.R., and Ventura, D.F. (1995). Large sample population age norms for visual acuities obtained with Vistech-Teller Acuity Cards. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 36(3), 657-670. Scharre, J.E., and Creedon, M.P. (1992). Assessment of visual function in autistic children. Optometry and Vision Science, 69(6), 433-439.

OCR for page 231
Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits Scharre, J.E., Cotter, S.A., Block, S.S., and Kelly, S.A. (1990). Normative contrast sensitivity data for young children. Optometry and Vision Science, 67(11), 826-832. Scher, M.S., Dobson, V., Carpenter, N.A., and Guthrie, R.D. (1989). Visual and neurological outcome of infants with periventricular leukomalacia. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 31(3), 353-365. Schiefer, U., Strasburger, H., Becker, S.T., Vonthein, R., Schiller, J., Dietrich, T.J., and Hart, W. (2001). Reaction time in automated kinetic perimetry: Effects of stimulus luminance, eccentricity, and movement direction. Vision Research, 41(16), 2157-2164. Schneck, M.E., Haegerstrom-Portnoy, G., Katz, B., and Brabyn, J.A. (1993). Optic neuritis: Small reductions in luminance cause large losses in vision function. In Technical digest on noninvasive assessment of the visual system (Vol. 11pp. 352-355). Washington, DC: Optical Society of America. Schoelkopf, B., and Mallot, H.A. (1995). View-based cognitive mapping and path planning. Adaptive Behavior, 3(3), 311-348. Scott, I.U., Schein, O.D., West, S.K., Bandeen-Roche, K., Enger, C., and Folstein, M.F. (1994). Functional status and quality of life measurement among ophthalmic patients. Archives of Ophthalmology, 112(3), 329-335. Scott, I.U., Smiddy, W.E., Schiffman, J.C., Feuer, W.J., and Pappas, C.J. (1999). Quality of life of low-vision patients and the impact of low-vision services. American Journal of Ophthalmology, 128(1), 54-62. Sheedy, J.E., Bailey, I.L., and Raasch, T.W. (1984). Visual acuity and chart luminance. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics, 61(9), 595-600. Sheedy, J.E., Bailey, I.L., Buri, M., and Bass, E.B. (1986). Binocular vs. monocular task performance. American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics, 63(10), 839-846. Shinar, D. (1977). Driver visual limitations, diagnosis and treatment. (Report No. DOT-HS-5-01275). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Shinar, D., and Schieber, F. (1991). Visual requirements for safety and mobility of older drivers. Human Factors, 33(5), 507-519.

OCR for page 231
Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits Shinar, D., Mayer, R.M., and Treat, J.R. (1975). Reliability and validity assessments of a newly developed battery of driving-related vision tests. Presented at 19th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Automotive Medicine. Sloan, L.L. (1959). New test charts for the measurement of visual acuity at far and near distances. American Journal of Ophthalmology, 48, 807-813. Sloan, L.L. (1969). Variation of acuity with luminance in ocular diseases and anomalies. Documenta Ophthalmologica, 26, 384-393. Sloan, L.L., and Brown, D.J. (1963). Reading cards for selection of optical aids for the partially sighted. American Journal of Ophthalmology, 55, 1187-1199. Sloan, L.L., Habel, A., and Feiock, K. (1973). High illumination as an auxiliary reading aid in diseases of the macula. American Journal of Ophthalmology, 76(5), 745-747. Sloane, M.E., Ball, K.K., Owsley, C., Bruni, J.R., and Roenker, D.L. (1992). The Visual Activities Questionnaire: Developing an instrument for assessing problems in everyday visual tasks. In Noninvasive assessment of the visual system technical digest (Vol. 1, pp. 26-29). Washington, DC: Optical Society of America. Sloane, M.E., Owsley, C., and Alvarez, S.L. (1988). Aging, senile miosis and spatial contrast sensitivity at low luminance. Vision Research, 28(11), 1235-1246. Snell, A.C. (1925). Visual efficiency of various degrees of subnormal visual acuity: Its effect on earning ability. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 85(18), 1367-1373. Snell, A.C., and Sterling, S. (1925). The percentage evaluation of macular vision. Archives of Ophthalmology, 54, 443-461. Social Security Administration. (1999). Social Security and Supplemental Security Income Disability Programs: Managing for today, planning for tomorrow. Washington, DC: Social Security Administration. Social Security Administration. (2001). Disability evaluation under social security. (Report No. SSA Publication No. 64-039, ICN 468600). Washington. DC: Social Security Administration, Office of Disability.

OCR for page 231
Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits Social Security Advisory Board. (2001a). Charting the future of social security’s disability programs: The need for fundamental change. Washington, DC: Social Security Advisory Board. Social Security Advisory Board. (2001b). Disability decision making: Data and materials. Washington, DC: Social Security Advisory Board. Steinberg, E.P., Tielsch, J.M., Schein, O.D., Javitt, J.C., Sharkey, P., Cassard, S.D., Legro, M.W., Diener-West, M., Bass, E.B., Damiano, A.M., et al. (1994). The VF-14. An index of functional impairment in patients with cataract. Archives of Ophthalmology, 112(5), 630-638. Steinmetz, R.L., Haimovici, R., Jubb, C., Fitzke, F.W., and Bird, A.C. (1993). Symptomatic abnormalities of dark adaptation in patients with age-related Bruch’s membrane change. British Journal of Ophthalmology, 77(9), 549-554. Strelow, E.R. (1985). What is needed for a theory of mobility: Direct perception and cognitive maps: Lessons from the blind. Psychological Review, 92(2), 226-248. Sumi, I., Matsumoto, S., Okajima, O., and Shirato, S. (2000). The relationship between visual disability and visual scores in patients with retinitis pigmentosa. Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology, 44(1), 82-87. Szlyk, J.P., and Brigell, M. (1992). Evaluating the driving skills of patients with homonymous hemianopsia using an interactive simulator. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science Supplement, 33, 1226. Szlyk, J.P., Arditi, A., Coffey Bucci, P., and Laderman, D. (1990). Self-report in functional assessment of low vision. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 84(2), 61-66. Szlyk, J.P., Seiple, W., Fishman, G.A., Alexander, K.R., Grover, S., and Mahler, C.L. (2001). Perceived and actual performance of daily tasks: Relationship to visual function tests in individuals with retinitis pigmentosa. Ophthalmology, 108(1), 65-75. Takayama, S., Tachibana, H., and Yamamoto, M. (1991). Changes in the visual field after photocoagulation or cryotherapy in children with retinopathy of prematurity. Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 28(2), 96-100.

OCR for page 231
Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits Taylor, R.H., Misson, G.P., and Moseley, M.J. (1991). Visual acuity and contrast sensitivity in cataract: Summation and inhibition of visual performance. Eye, 5(Pt 6), 704-707. Teller, D.Y. (1997). First glances: The vision of infants. The Friedenwald lecture. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 38(11), 2183-2203. Teller, D.Y., McDonald, M.A., Preston, K., Sebris, S.L., and Dobson, V. (1986). Assessment of visual acuity in infants and children: The acuity card procedure. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 28(6), 779-789. Thinus-Blanc, C., and Gaunet, F. (1997). Representation of space in blind persons: Vision as a spatial sense? Psychological Bulletin, 121(1), 20-42. Thompson, J.R., Woodruff, G., Hiscox, F.A., Strong, N., and Minshull, C. (1991). The incidence and prevalence of amblyopia detected in childhood. Public Health, 105(6), 455-462. Tielsch, J.M., Sommer, A., Witt, K.A., Katz, J., and Royall, R.M. (1990). Blindness and visual impairment in an American urban population: The Baltimore eye survey. Archives of Ophthalmology, 108(2), 286-290. Tinker, M.A. (1963). Legibility of print. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press. Tolman, E.C. (1948). Cognitive maps in rats and men. Psychological Review, 55, 189-208. Trauzettel-Klosinski, S., and Brendler, K. (1998). Eye movements in reading with hemianopic field defects: The significance of clinical parameters. Graefes Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, 236(2), 91-102. Trauzettel-Klosinski, S., Teschner, C., and Zrenner, E. (1994). Reading strategies in normal subjects and in patients with macular scotoma assessed by two new methods of registration. Neuro-Ophthalmology, 14(1), 15-30. Trupin, L., Sebesta, D.S., Yelin, E., and LaPlante, M.P. (1997). Disability statistics report: Trends in labor force participation among persons with disabilities, 1983-1994. (Report No. 10). San Francisco, CA: Disability Statistics Rehabilitation Research and Training Center, Institute for Health and Aging, University of California.

OCR for page 231
Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits Tschopp, C., Safran, A.B., Viviani, P., Bullinger, A., Reicherts, M., and Mermoud, C. (1998a). Automated visual field examination in children aged 5-8 years. Part I: Experimental validation of a testing procedure. Vision Research, 38(14), 2203-2210. Tschopp, C., Safran, A.B., Viviani, P., Reicherts, M., Bullinger, A., and Mermoud, C. (1998b). Automated visual field examination in children aged 5-8 years. Part II: Normative values. Vision Research, 38(14), 2211-2218. Tschopp, C., Viviani, P., Reicherts, M., Bullinger, A., Rudaz, N., Mermoud, C., and Safran, A.B. (1999). Does visual sensitivity improve between 5 and 8 years? A study of automated visual field examination. Vision Research, 39(6), 1107-1119. Turano, K.A., Dagnelie, G.M., and Herdman, S.J. (1996). Visual stabilization of posture in persons with central visual field loss. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 37(8), 1483-1491. Turano, K.A., Geruschat, D.R., and Stahl, J.W. (1998). Mental effort required for walking: Effects of retinitis pigmentosa. Optometry and Vision Science, 75(12), 879-886. Turano, K.A., Herdman, S.J., and Dagnelie, G.M. (1993). Visual stabilization of posture in retinitis pigmentosa and in artificially restricted visual fields. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 34(10), 3004-3010. Turano, K.A., Rubin, G.S., and Quigley, H.A. (1999). Mobility performance in glaucoma. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 40(12), 2803-2809. U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs. (2000). To assure the free appropriate public education of all children with disabilities: Twenty-second annual report to Congress on the implementation of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education. U.S. Employment Service. (1991). Dictionary of occupational titles (4th ed.). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration, U.S. Employment Service. van Hof-van Duin, J., and Mohn, G. (1984). Visual defects in children after cerebral hypoxia. Behavioural Brain Research, 14(2), 147-155.

OCR for page 231
Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits van Hof-van Duin, J., Cioni, G., Bertuccelli, B., Fazzi, B., Romano, C., and Boldrini, A. (1998). Visual outcome at 5 years of newborn infants at risk of cerebral visual impairment. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 40(5), 302-309. van Hof-van Duin, J., Heersema, D.J., Groenendaal, F., Baerts, W., and Fetter, W.P. (1992). Visual field and grating acuity development in low-risk preterm infants during the first 2 1/2 years after term. Behavioural Brain Research, 49(1), 115-122. Vanhatalo, S., Pääkkönen, L., and Nousiainen, I. (1999). Visual field constriction in children treated with vigabatrin. Neurology, 52(8), 1713-1714. Verghese, P., and Nakayama, K. (1994). Stimulus discriminability in visual search. Vision Research, 34(18), 2453-2467. Viisola, M. (2000). Statistics on children with visual impairments. New York, NY: Lighthouse International. Vingrys, A.J., and Cole, B.L. (1988). Are colour vision standards justified for the transport industry? Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 8(3), 257-274. West, S.K., Munoz, B., Rubin, G.S., Schein, O.D., Bandeen-Roche, K., Zeger, S., German, S., and Fried, L.P. (1997). Function and visual impairment in a population-based study of older adults. The SEE project. Salisbury Eye Evaluation . Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 38(1), 72-82. West, S.K., Rubin, G.S., Broman, A.T., Munoz, B., Bandeen Roche, K., and Turano, K.A. (in press). How does visual impairment affect performance on tasks of everyday life? The SEE project. Archives of Ophthalmology. West, S.K., Rubin, G.S., Munoz, B., Abraham, D., and Fried, L.P. (1997). Assessing functional status: Correlation between performance on tasks conducted in a clinic setting and performance on the same task conducted at home. The Salisbury Eye Evaluation Project Team. Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 52(4), M209-M217. Westall, C.A., Ainsworth, J.R., and Buncic, J.R. (2000). Which ocular and neurologic conditions cause disparate results in visual acuity scores recorded with visually evoked potential and teller acuity cards? Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 4(5), 395-301.

OCR for page 231
Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits Whittaker, S.G., and Lovie-Kitchin, J.E. (1993). Visual requirements for reading. Optometry and Vision Science, 70(1), 54-65. Wiener, W.R., and Lawson, G. (1997). Audition for the traveler who is visually impaired. In B.B. Blasch, W.R. Wiener, and R.L. Welsh (eds.), Foundations of orientation and mobility (2nd ed.). New York, NY: AFB Press. Wild, J.M., Pacey, I.E., O’Neill, E.C., and Cunliffe, I.A. (1999). The SITA perimetric threshold algorithms in glaucoma. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 40(9), 1998-2009. Wilson, M.R., Coleman, A.L., Yu, F., Bing, E.G., Sasaki, I.F., Berlin, K., Winters, J., and Lai, A. (1998). Functional status and well-being in patients with glaucoma as measured by the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 questionnaire. Ophthalmology, 105(11), 2112-2116. Wilson, M.R., Quinn, G.E., Dobson, V., and Breton, M. (1991). Normative values for visual fields in 4- to 12-year-old children using kinetic perimetry. Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 28(3), 151-153. Wohlrab, G., Boltshauser, E., Schmitt, B., Schriever, S., and Landau, K. (1999). Visual field constriction is not limited to children treated with vigabatrin. Neuropediatrics, 30(3), 130-132. Wohlwill, W.F. (1960). Developmental studies of perception. Psychological Bulletin, 57, 249-288. Wolbarsht, M.L. (1977). Tests for glare sensitivity and periperal vision in driver applicants. Journal of Safety Research, 9(3), 128-139. Wolfe, K.A., and Sadun, A.A. (1991). Threshold Amsler grid testing in diabetic retinopathy. Graefes Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, 229(3), 219-223. Wood, J.M. (1999). How do visual status and age impact on driving performance as measured on a closed circuit driving track? Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 19(1), 34-40. Wood, J.M., and Troutbeck, R. (1992). Effect of restriction of the binocular visual field on driving performance. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 12(3), 291-298.

OCR for page 231
Visual Impairments: Determining Eligibility for Social Security Benefits Wood, J.M., and Troutbeck, R. (1995). Elderly drivers and simulated visual impairment. Optometry and Vision Science, 72(2), 115-124. Wood, J.M., Dique, T., and Troutbeck, R. (1993). The effect of artificial visual impairment on functional visual fields and driving performance. Clinical Vision Sciences, 8, 563-575. World Health Organization. (1980). International classification of impairments, disabilities and handicaps: A manual of classification relating to the consequences of disease. Geneva: World Health Organization. World Health Organization. (2001). International classification of functioning, disability and health. Geneva: World Health Organization. Yeargin-Allsopp, M., Murphy, C.C., Oakley, G.P., and Sikes, R.K. (1992). A multiple-source method for studying the prevalence of developmental disabilities in children: The Metropolitan Atlanta Developmental Disabilities Study. Pediatrics, 89(4 Pt 1), 624-630. Zadnik, K., Barr, J.T., Edrington, T.B., Nichols, J.J., Wilson, B.S., Siegmund, K., and Gordon, M.O. (2000). Corneal scarring and vision in keratoconus: A baseline report from the Collaborative Longitudinal Evaluation of Keratoconus (CLEK) Study. Cornea, 19(6), 804-812. Zingirian, M., Gandolfo, E., Capris, P., and Mattioli, R. (1991). Perikon PCL 90: A new automatic perimeter. In R.P. Mills, and A. Heijl (eds.), Perimetry update 1990/1991 (pp. 403-407). New York, NY: Kugler and Ghedini .