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G Acronyms and Glossary ACRONYMS AEA Atomic Energy Act of 1948, as amended in 1954 AEC U.S. Atomic Energy Commission ALARA as low as is reasonably achievable ANS American Nuclear Society ANSI American National Standards Institute ARMR Association of Radioactive Metals Recyclers ASTSWMO Association of State and Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials BEIR Committee on the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation BRC below regulatory concern BSS Basic Safety Standards (EC) BWR boiling water reactor CERCLA Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act CFR U.S. Code of Federal Regulations CNWRA Center for Nuclear Waste Regulatory Analyses CRCPD Conference of Radiation Control Program Directors DCGL derived concentration guideline level DoD U.S. Department of Defense DOE U.S. Department of Energy dpm disintegrations per minute DU depleted uranium 230
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APPENDIX G 231 EC European Commission EMC elevated measurement comparison EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ERDA U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration EU European Union GM Geiger-Muller GSD geometric standard deviation HPGe high-purity germanium HPS Health Physics Society IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency ICRP International Commission on Radiological Protection IE Office of Inspection and Enforcement (USNRC) INSC International Nuclear Societies Council ISFSI independent spent fuel storage installation LLRW low-level radioactive waste LLWPAA Low Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985 MARSSIM Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual MDC minimum detectable concentration NARM naturally occurring and accelerator-produced radioactive material NAS National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) NCRP National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements NEPA National Environmental Policy Act NESHAP National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants NORM naturally occurring radioactive material NPL National Priorities List NRC National Research Council NRDC Natural Resources Defense Council OAS Organization of Agreement States ppm part per million PRA probabilistic risk assessment PWR pressurized water reactor RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act SAIC Science Applications International Corporation SCA Sanford Cohen & Associates, Inc. SDMP Site Decommissioning Management Plan SI international system of units SRSM slightly radioactive solid material
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232 APPENDIX G TEDE total effective dose equivalent TENORM technologically enhanced naturally occurring radioactive materials technical support document USACE USNRC United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation U.S. Army Corps of Engineers U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission GLOSSARY agreement state Section 274 of the AEA authorizes the Commission to enter into an effective agreement with the governor of a state to allow that state to assume the USNRC's authority to regulate certain types of materials licensees only. Reactor licensees remain the exclusive domain of the USNRC. Today there are 32 agreement states, which have implemented state regula- tions that are equivalent and compatible with the USNRC's regulations, as required by section 274(d) of the AEA. The materials licensees that a state can regulate include those that use or possess source material, byproduct material or special nuclear material in quantities not sufficient to form a critical mass (less than 350 grams for uranium-235. de minimis Shortened form of de minimis non curat lex, which is Latin for the common law doctrine stating, in free translation, that "the law does not concern itself with trifles." A de minimis amount of something (e.g., a dose) is one at or below which statutory or regulatory controls on larger amounts would not apply. ll~e)2 materials Materials defined in section ll~e)~2) of the Atomic Energy Act (AEA) of 1954, as amended to be the tailings or waste produced by the concentration or extraction of uranium or thorium ore processed primarily for its source content. This definition was added in a 1978 by section 201 of the Ura- nium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act, which amended the AEA.