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Bailey, D.W., J.E.Gross, E.A.Laca, L.R.Rittenhouse, M.B.Coughenour, D.M.Swift,



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Ecological Dynamics on Yellowstone’s Northern Range References Allen, E.O. 1971. White-tailed deer. Pp. 69–79 in Game Management in Montana, T.W. Mussehl, and F.W.Howell, eds. Federal Aid Project W-3-C. Montana Fish and Game Department, Helena. Allen-Diaz, B., and J.W.Bartolome. 1998. Sagebrush-grass vegetation dynamics: Comparing classical and state-transition models. Ecol. Appl. 8(3):795–804. Alley, R.B. 2000. Ice-core evidence of abrupt climate changes. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97(4):1331–1334. Alley, R.B., P.A.Mayewski, T.Sowers, M.Stuiver, K.C.Taylor, and P.U.Clark. 1996. Holocene Climatic Instability: A Large, Widespread Event 8,200 Years Ago. 1996 Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union, San Francisco, CA. Anders, M.H., J.W.Geissman, L.A.Piety, and J.T.Sullivan. 1989. Parabolic distribution of Circumeastern Snake River plain seismicity and latest Quaternary faulting: migratory pattern and association with the Yellowstone hotspot. J. Geophys. Res. B94(2):1589–1621. Anderson, J. 1991. A conceptual framework for evaluating and quantifying naturalness. Conserv. Biol. 5(3):347–352. Archer, S. 1994. Woody plant encroachment into southwestern grasslands and savannas: Rates, patterns and proximate causes. Pp. 130–138 in Ecological Implications of Livestock Herbivory in the West, M.Vavra, W.A.Laycock, and R.D. Pieper, eds. Denver, CO: Society for Range Management. Arno, S.F. 1980. Forest fire history in the northern Rockies. J. For. 78(8):460–465. Austin, P.J., L.A.Suchar, C.T.Robbins, and A.E.Hagerman. 1989. Tannin-binding proteins in saliva of deer and their absence in saliva of sheep and cattle. J. Chem. Ecol. 15(4):1335–1347. Bailey, D.W., J.E.Gross, E.A.Laca, L.R.Rittenhouse, M.B.Coughenour, D.M.Swift,

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