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WORKING PAPER POSTSCRIPT Byusing " di rect broadcast sate] 1 ites. . . perfect reception wild be possible al] over the world, and the horrid crackiings of the shortwaves will be a thing of the past " . Art hur C . C] ark "New Telecon~nunications for the Devel opi ng Wor] d" Interdisciplinary Science Reviews June 1 982 - 73 - WORKING PAPER

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WORKING PAPER PROFESSIONAL BI OGRAPHY Thomas F. Rogers is a physicist, an electronics-communications engineer, a private investor, and the president of his family's private operating foundation: The Sophron Foundation. He holds B.Sc. and M.A. degrees in Physics, has held professional positions with university, industrial, government, and not-for-profit organizations, and has held senior federal administrative positions. He did basic, applied research and development work at the Radio Research Laboratory of Harvard University, the Bell and Howell Co., and the Air Force Cambridge Research Center. While at the Air Force Center, he organized a Laboratory on Radiowave Propagations and later, one on Communications, and he worked on our first intercontinental ballistic missile, the Atlas. At the Massachusetts Institute of Technology's Linco] Laboratory he organized its Communications Division and was a member of the Laboratory's steering committee, and he headed the group that was the first to accomplish transmission of television signals via an orbiting spacecraft. Later, as a Deputy Director of Defense Research and Engineering in the Office of the Secretary of Defense, he was responsible for advances in the command and control of our strategic nuclear forces, for the general design, development, and deployment of the first globe] satellite conununications system, and for the beginning of work on satellite navigation-position fixing and very high energy lasers. He was the first Director of Research in the Office of the Secretary of the Department of Housing and Urban Development where he inaugurated federal urban research and development, and helped found the Urban Institute. Later, he was a Vice President of the Mitre Corporation. He was a member of a group of the President's Science Advisory Committee and a member of the Federal Council on Science and Technology. For the past dozen years he has been an advisor to several federal executive and legislative branch offices, several major foundations, both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Research Council, and the Institute of Medicine. He was a member of the National Academy of Sciences/Institute of Medicine/Robert Wood Johnson Foundation group that inaugurated emergency medical system services in over forty locations throughout the country. He has been a member-at-large on nearly all of those professional groups that advise the National Aeronautics and Space Administration on space applications, and is now a member of both the Space Applications Board and the Voice of America Study Committee of the National Research Council. He played a leading role in prompting the recent federal decision to explore the use of satellites for international direct audio broadcasting. Most recently, he directed a study of civilian space stations and the U.S. future in space for the United States Congress as a consultant to its Office of Technology Assessment. His family's Foundation has established programs in Northern Virginia for housing the elderly in crises, and a children's dental program, and is exploring some novel civilian space activities. He has published over fifty professional papers and book chapters, has lectured widely, and has testified, oftentimes, before the U.~. Congress. He is a Fe7 low of the Institute of Electrical and - 74 - WORK] NG PAPER

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WORKING PAPER Electronics Engineers and a member of the Cosmos Club. His professional biography appears in American Men and Women of Science and Who's Who in America. - 75 WORKI NG PAP ER

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