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To determine what safeguards are necessary, a realistic threat analysis would be required. Are the as-yet-undetermined countermeasures up to the challenge? Any proposed system must be examined to determine whether the net result with respect to identity theft would be better or worse than it is now. It may be that more robust security in a nationwide identity system, along with increased attention to data integrity (for example, correlating birth and death records, as discussed above) in current identity systems, would mitigate some of the identity theft problems that arise.

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