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To determine what safeguards are necessary, a realistic threat
analysis would be required. Are the as-yet-undetermined
countermeasures up to the challenge? Any proposed system must be
examined to determine whether the net result with respect to identity
theft would be better or worse than it is now. It may be that more
robust security in a nationwide identity system, along with increased
attention to data integrity (for example, correlating birth and death
records, as discussed above) in current identity systems, would
mitigate some of the identity theft problems that arise.