Appendix C
Closure Planning and Implementation

Table C-1 lists activities that are likely relevant to closure of any industrial or government facility. Not all of the activities are necessarily applicable to a particular closure situation. The indented items in the table are primarily illustrative and are not intended to be all inclusive, but rather to indicate the types of activities required at those stages of the closure process under which they appear.

The planning phase consists of (1) an assessment and decision-making period in which general overall objectives and criteria are formulated and (2) a closure plan development period when plans are formulated and written. In practice, there can be considerable overlap between assessment and decision making as a detailed plan is developed.

The implementation phase can be viewed as a period of actual closure operations, followed by facility closeout (postmortem). Here, too, there may be some overlap of the two activities. Finally, the facility site may undergo postclosure activities in accordance with agreed-upon regulatory requirements.

TABLE C-1 Closure Planning and Implementation Activities

Planning Phase

Field Implementation Phase

Assessment and Decision Making

Closure Plan Development

Closure Operation

Facility Closeout

Postclosure Activities

Establish closure objectives

Determine facility end use

Establish regulatory requirements

Establish cost and schedule goals

Characterization

Obtain samples and analyses

Identify technology needs

Evaluate closure alternatives

Decision making

Select closure alternative

Establish schedule and funding profile

Establish public and community communications program

Finalize end-state requirements

Establish acquisition strategy

Complete engineering plans

Technical baseline

Permits and licenses

Waste quantities and management plan

Decontamination plan

Sampling and analysis plan

D&D sequence

Develop schedule baseline

Develop cost baseline and manpower estimates

Develop health and safety plan

Develop special technology

Prepare facility closure plan

Implement quality assurance plan

System decontamination

Removal of systems, structures, and components

Monitoring of areas, workers, and materials

Waste management activities

Concurrent coprocessing

Program closure activities and operations

Enforce worker safety

Install special systems (e.g., CMS)

Partial release of areas to EPA closure criteria

Perform area sampling and analyses

Issue closure report and facility certification

Regulatory reviews

Facility released for end use

Publish lessons learned

Periodic monitoring and sampling per regulatory requirements



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page 51
Closure and Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System Appendix C Closure Planning and Implementation Table C-1 lists activities that are likely relevant to closure of any industrial or government facility. Not all of the activities are necessarily applicable to a particular closure situation. The indented items in the table are primarily illustrative and are not intended to be all inclusive, but rather to indicate the types of activities required at those stages of the closure process under which they appear. The planning phase consists of (1) an assessment and decision-making period in which general overall objectives and criteria are formulated and (2) a closure plan development period when plans are formulated and written. In practice, there can be considerable overlap between assessment and decision making as a detailed plan is developed. The implementation phase can be viewed as a period of actual closure operations, followed by facility closeout (postmortem). Here, too, there may be some overlap of the two activities. Finally, the facility site may undergo postclosure activities in accordance with agreed-upon regulatory requirements. TABLE C-1 Closure Planning and Implementation Activities Planning Phase Field Implementation Phase Assessment and Decision Making Closure Plan Development Closure Operation Facility Closeout Postclosure Activities Establish closure objectives Determine facility end use Establish regulatory requirements Establish cost and schedule goals Characterization Obtain samples and analyses Identify technology needs Evaluate closure alternatives Decision making Select closure alternative Establish schedule and funding profile Establish public and community communications program Finalize end-state requirements Establish acquisition strategy Complete engineering plans Technical baseline Permits and licenses Waste quantities and management plan Decontamination plan Sampling and analysis plan D&D sequence Develop schedule baseline Develop cost baseline and manpower estimates Develop health and safety plan Develop special technology Prepare facility closure plan Implement quality assurance plan System decontamination Removal of systems, structures, and components Monitoring of areas, workers, and materials Waste management activities Concurrent coprocessing Program closure activities and operations Enforce worker safety Install special systems (e.g., CMS) Partial release of areas to EPA closure criteria Perform area sampling and analyses Issue closure report and facility certification Regulatory reviews Facility released for end use Publish lessons learned Periodic monitoring and sampling per regulatory requirements

OCR for page 51
Closure and Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System This page in the original is blank.