TABLE 5-1 Comparison of Federal Expenditures for Noise Abatement (by the FAA) with Expenditures for Noise and Emissions Research and Technology (by the FAA and NASA)

Agency

Purpose of Expenditures

2001 Budget

Source of Funds

FAA Office of Airports

Noise abatement at individual airports

$500 million

Taxes and fees on airline tickets and air cargo shipments

NASA Office of Aerospace Technology

Technology development to reduce noise and emissions at the source

$55 million

Annual appropriation from general tax revenues

FAA Office of Environment and Energy

Research to better understand the impacts of noise and emissions and to develop new standards

$3 million

Annual appropriation from general tax revenues

nology; in 2001, more than 90 percent of available funds was spent on noise abatement (see Table 5-1 and Figure 5-1).

The current allocation of funding, which heavily favors airport noise abatement projects, is a consequence of the way funds are raised and appropriated. Most of these funds are raised from taxes on airline tickets for the purpose of subsidizing airport improvements, including noise abatement projects, and they are administered by the FAA through the Airport and Airway Trust Fund. Primary responsibilities for developing advanced aircraft technologies for source noise reduction, however, are assigned to NASA, which has no independent source of funding to support aeronautics research. Indeed, within NASA’s constrained budget, aeronautics research has fared poorly in competing against higher-

FIGURE 5-1 Comparison of federal expenditures for noise abatement (by the FAA) with expenditures for noise and emissions research and technology (by the FAA and NASA) (constant year 2000 dollars).



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