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487 let lx~ . Biographical Sketches of Physics Content Pane' Members S. James Gates,Jr., the John S. Toll Professor of Physics, is the director of the Center for String and Particle Theory at the University of Maryland at College Park. His research focus is in mathematical and theoretical physics. Dr. Gates served on the National Research Council (NRC) joint Strike Tech- nical Review Panel and the Task Group I-Combat Power committee. He has taught university-level mathematics and physics for 30 years and has lec- tured on general education issues, consulted with the Educational Testing Service, worked on a municipal high school curriculum, and chaired the Howard University physics department. The Washington Academy of Science recognized him as its 1999 College Science Teacher of the Year. Dr. Gates received two B.S. degrees and a Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. David Hammer is an associate professor with joint appointments in Physics and Curriculum & Instruction at the University of Maryland, College Park. He conducts research in physics education, focusing on students' beliefs about knowledge and learning as well as on teachers' interpretations of the strengths and weaknesses in student thinking. Dr. Hammer earned his Ph.D. in Science and Mathematics Education and his MA in Physics from the Uni- versity of California at Berkeley. Robert C. Hilborn is the Amanda and Lisa Cross Professor of Physics at Amherst College, where he teaches introductory and advanced-level phys- ics. Dr. Hilborn's current research focuses on testing the symmetrization postulate for identical particle systems in quantum mechanics, a study of the effects of dynamic Stark shifts on laser-excited atoms, and control schemes for chaotic systems. Dr. Hilborn is involved in physics education and has served as president of the American Association of Physics Teachers. In this position, he interacted with high school physics teachers and also has worked

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488 CONTENT PANEL REPORT with high school teachers while at Amherst. He is chair of the newly estab- lished National Task Force on Undergraduate Physics. Dr. Hilborn earned his Ph.D. from Harvard University. Eric Mazur is at Harvard University where he is a Harvard College professor, Gordon McKay Professor of Applied Physics, and professor of physics. Dr. Mazur's research in optical physics includes contributions in light scattering, spectroscopy, and electronic and structural events in solids. Dr. Mazur also conducts research in improving science education, becoming well known for his "peer instruction" method for teaching large lecture classes. Dr. Mazur will complete his term on the Advanced Placement test development com- mittee this spring. At the ARC, Dr. Mazur has served on the Working Group on Science Assessment Standards. Mazur received his Ph.D. in experimental physics from the University of Leiden in the Netherlands. Penny Moore taught physics 60-percent time at Piedmont High School in Piedmont, California for twenty-five years and worked concurrently at the University of California, Berkeley. During this time she designed, obtained funding for, and directed three large national science education programs: The Science for Science Teachers and PRIME Science programs, both funded initially by the National Science Foundation, and The [gurney Inside with Intel Corporation. In August 2000, she left a fulltime position in the physics department at Berkeley to work as director of Science and Math Education in the College of Mathematical and Physical Sciences at The Ohio State University in Columbus. At the NRC, Ms..Moore served on the Working Group on Science Assessment Standards and was a leader in assembling Science Teaching Reconsidered. Robert A. Morse is a physics teacher at St. Albans School in Washington, DC, where he has taught physics and AP physics for 20 years. Dr. Morse has been recognized for his teaching with the Presidential Award for Excellence in Science Teaching, the Tandy Technology Scholar Award, the American Association for Physics Teachers (AAPT) Award for Excellence in Pre-College Teaching, and was named the American Physical Society Distinguished Physics Teacher for the District of Columbia for the APS Centennial. Dr. Morse has been active in the AAPT, where he has developed and presented workshops on teaching physics. At the ARC, he served as a panelist for the How People Learn Conference. He received his Ph.D. in Science Education from the University of Maryland at College Park, his M.Ed. from Boston University, and a BA in Physics from Cornell University.

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PHYSICS Robin Spiral (committee liarson and chair) is a teacher of Honors and Advanced Placement Physics at The Bolles School in Jacksonville, Florida. His career began at Illinois State University in Normal, where he was assistant professor of physics. He subsequently worked in the private sector as principal development engineer for the AAI Corporation in Hunt Valley, Maryland, and as principal scientist for Pfizer Medical Systems. Dr. Spital received his Ph.D. in theoretical high-energy physics from Cornell University. 489

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