TABLE 2.1 Earth and Space Science Archives and Data Centers

Facility

Year Established

Host Institution

Scientific Specialty

Earth Science

ASF DAAC

1990

Alaska SAR Facility, University of Alaska

Sea ice, polar processes

EDC DAAC

1992

EROS Data Center, U.S. Geological Survey

Land processes

GSFC DAAC

1993

Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA

Upper atmosphere, atmospheric dynamics, global biosphere, hydrologic processes

LaRC DAAC

1989

Langley Research Center, NASA

Radiation budget, aerosols, tropospheric chemistry

NSIDC DAAC

1991

National Snow and Ice Data Center, University of Colorado

Snow and ice, cryosphere

ORNL DAAC

1993

Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy

biogeochemical fluxes and processes

PO.DAAC

1991

Jet Propulsion Laboratory, NASA-Caltech

Ocean circulation, air-sea interaction

SEDAC

1994

CIESIN, Columbia University

Socioeconomic data and applications

Space Science

ADC

1977

Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA

Astronomy, astrophysics, photometry, spectroscopy

HEASARC

1990

Laboratory for High-Energy Astrophysics, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA

High-energy astrophysics

IRSA

1999

Infrared Processing and Analysis Center, CalTech

Infrared science

MAST

1997

Multi-mission Archive, Space Telescope Science Institute

Optical/UV science

NED

1989

Infrared Processing and Analysis Center, CalTech

Extragalactic astronomy and cosmology

NSSDC

1966

Office of the Space Science Directorate, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA

Space physics data and long-term maintenance of all space science data

PDS

1991

Jet Propulsion Laboratory, NASA-Caltech

Planetary and space science

SDAC

1991

Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA

Solar and heliospheric physics

   

NOTE: ADC=Astronomical Data Center; ASF=Alaska Synthetic Aperture Radar Facility; CIESIN=Consortium for International Earth Science Information Networks; DAAC=Distributed Active Archive Center; EDC=EROS Data Center; EROS=Earth Resources Observations Systems; GSFC=Goddard Space Flight Center; HEASARC=High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center; IRSA=Infrared Science Archive; LaRC=Langley Research Center; MAST=Multi-mission Archive at Space Telescope; NED=NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database; NSIDC=National Snow and Ice Data Center; NSSDC=National Space Science Data Center; ORNL=Oak Ridge National Laboratory; PDS=Planetary Data System; PO.DAAC=Physical Oceanography DAAC; SAR=synthetic aperture radar; SDAC=Solar Data Analysis Center; SEDAC= Socioeconomic Data and Application Center.



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