TABLE 8-1 Stages in the Development and Aftermath of the Incident

Factors Leading To Incidents

Durable Conditons That Create Potential For Violent Incident

Micro/Social, Situational Processes That Transform Potential Into Act

Society Wide


Economic inequality

Racial discrimination

Culture of violence

Weapon availability



Economic isolation

Rapid mobility

Inter-group conflict



Inadequate resources

Ineffective management

Ineffective discipline

Weak faculty/student relations

Poor physical security

Arbitrary disciplinary actions

Unexpected negative feedback

Local Youth Culture

Violent norms/scripts

Inter-group conflict

Non-inclusive cliques


Status hierarchies

Status threats

Physical threats

Audience for violence


Broken homes

Emotional distance

Inattentive parenting

Sibling Competition

Parental crises

Parental rebukes



Low cognitive functioning

Acute feelings of inadequacy

Fear and rage

against the person who ended up doing the shooting. There were even intimate, local encouragements for the shootings to occur, in the sense that there was a youthful audience that knew about the dispute, understood the rules by which such disputes could be settled, and would have viewed the reluctance of the shooter to act as an invitation to degrade his status and make him a victim because of his reluctance to use force to defend his status and, in one case, the status of his brother.

The four suburban and rural incidents lacked this coherence and social clarity. That is not to say that these shooters didn’t have their reasons to shoot. Like the inner-city shooters, the suburban and rural shooters

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement