attitudes toward shooter after incident, 64–65, 154, 155

attitudes toward shooter’s family after incident, 155–156

attributions of causality for shootings, 261–262

causes of school violence related to, 19, 252, 328

criminal and violent behavior, 31–33, 92

criminal justice system, 33–34

cross-case comparison, 268–271

demographics, 28, 29, 89–90, 133, 134, 169–171, 172

entertainment and recreation, 29, 32–33, 37, 90–92

forms of school violence related to, 18– 19

gun culture, 34–35, 66, 93, 116–117, 145– 146, 209, 221, 226, 230

Heath High School, 133–134, 152–153

Heritage High School, 25, 27–34

interventions to prevent violence, 7, 92– 93

involvement with school after incident, 191, 203, 212–214

motivations of shooters and, 249–252

obstacles to violence prevention, 227– 228

Parker Middle School, 88, 89–92

race/ethnicity, 169–170, 171, 172

rapid social change, 6, 27–28, 29, 30–31, 66, 169–170, 207–210, 230–231, 252, 341

religiosity, 30, 90, 102, 135

research needs, 340–341

resident self-image, 29–30

responses to shooting incidents, 261

shooter characteristics and, 256

socioeconomic, 28, 29, 31, 90, 133–134, 163, 169–172, 175, 224

street violence, 203

Thomas Jefferson High School, 202, 204–205, 207–210, 212–214, 217–222, 229, 230–233, 237

Tilden High School, 169–172

urban confrontation scenarios, 222–225

urban ecological transition, 217–221

Westside Middle School, 101–102

youth–adult relationships, 6, 7–8, 119– 120, 152–153, 160, 227–228, 231–233, 235–236, 237–239, 253–254, 256, 263– 264

youth exposure to violence, 228, 229

See also Suburban and rural schools; Urban schools

Consequences of violence, 3–4, 22

community actions and beliefs, 64–67, 127–129, 154–155

definition of school violence, 13

Heath High School shooting, 132, 138– 139, 154–155, 159–160

Heritage High School shooting, 25, 55– 56, 62–67

long-term, 159–160

mortality/morbidity, 1, 55–56, 62, 70, 73, 101, 202–203

Parker Middle School shooting, 97

resident self-image, 29–30

suicidal behavior of shooter, 25, 27, 61, 62

for teachers, 126, 127, 160, 340

threats against school, 123

victim mental health, 62–63, 125–127, 159–160

Westside Middle School community, 122–123

See also Responses to violent incidents

Conti, Joseph P., 74

Conyers, Georgia. See Heritage High School (Rockdale County, Georgia) shooting

Copycat incidents, 5

conceptual model, 326

contagiousness of violence, 3

cross-case analysis, 259–260

Heritage High School shooting as, 39, 41, 49–52, 56–57, 67

influence of Columbine High School shooting, 1, 25, 39, 41, 49–52, 56–57, 67, 234, 260, 341

influence of urban youth violence epidemic, 316

mass murders, 319–320

media role in, 325–326

Parker Middle School shooting as, 97

prevalence, 324–325

prevention, 309

proliferation of, 68

research needs, 340

statistical evidence, 296–297

suicide clusters, 326–328

Westside Middle School, 118

workplace violence, 320–321



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