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4 ~ - ~ - ~ - ~ References Anderson RA. 1986. Chromium metabolism and its role in disease processes in man. Clin Physiol Biochem 4:31~1. Anderson RA, Cheng N. Bryden NA, Polansky MM, Cheng N. Chi J. Feng J. 1997. Elevated intakes of supplemental chromium improve glucose and insulin variables in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes 46:1786- 1791. Anderson TW, Reid DB. 1974. A double-blind trial of vitamin E in angina pectoris. Am J Clin Nutr 27: 1174-1178. Anderson TW, Reid DB, Beaton GH. 1972. Vitamin C and the common cold: A double-blind trial. Can Med. Assoc J 107:503-508. Anderson TW, Suranyi G. Beaton GH. 1974. The effect on winter illness of large doses of vitamin C. Can Med. Assoc J 111:31-36. Anonymous. 1987. Fluoride and root surface caries. Nutr Rev 45: 103-105. ATBC (The Alpha-Tocopherol Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention Study Group). 1994. The effect of vitamin E and beta carotene on the incidence of lung cancer and other cancers in male smokers. NEnglJMed330:1029-1035. Azzi A, Boscoboinik D, Marilley D, Ozer NK, Stauble B. Tasinato A. 1995. Vitamin E: A sensor and an information transducer of the cell oxidation state. Am J Clin Nz~tr 62: 1337S-1346S. Barboriak JJ, Ghatit AZ, Shetty KR, Kalbfleisch JH. 1982. Vitamin E supple- ments and plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Am J Clin Pathol 77:371. Bell RR, Draper HH, Tzeng DY, Shin HK, Schmidt GR. 1977. Physiological responses of human adults to foods containing phosphate additives. JNutr 107:42-50. 59

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60 EVOLUTION OF EVIDENCE Blot WJ, Li JY, Taylor PR, Guo W. Dawsey S. Wang GQ, Yang CS, Zheng SF, Gail M, Li GY. 1993. Nutrition intervention trials in Linxian, China: Supplementation with specific vitamin/mineral combinations, cancer inci- dence, and disease-specific mortality in the general population. J Natl Cancer Inst 85: 1483-1492. Brazier M, Kamel S. Maamer M, Agbomson F. Elesper I, Garabedian M, Desmet G. Sebert JL. 1995. Markers of bone remodeling in the elderly subject: Effects of vitamin D insufficiency and its correction. J Bone Miner Res 10:1753-1761. Brock KE, Berry G. Mock PA, MacLennan R. Truswell AS, Brinton LA. 1988. Nutrients in diet and plasma and risk of in situ cervical cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 80:580-585. Butterworth CE Jr, Hatch KD, Gore H. Mueller H. Krumdieck CL. 1982. Improvement in cervical dysplasia associated with folic acid therapy in users of oral contraceptives. Am J Clin Nz~tr 35:73-82. Butterworth CE Jr, Hatch KD, Macaluso M, Cole P. Sauberlich HE, Soong SJ, Borst M, Baker VV. 1992a. Folate deficiency and cervical dysplasia. JAm Med. Assoc 267:528-533. Butterworth CE Jr, Hatch KD, Soong SJ, Cole P. Tamura T. Sauberlich HE, Borst M, Macaluso M, Baker V. 1992b. Oral folic acid supplementation for cervical dysplasia: A clinical intervention trial. Am J Obstet Gynecol 166:803-809. Caniggia A, Nuti R. Galli M, Lore F. Turchetti V, Righi GA. 1986. Effect of a long-term treatment with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 on osteocalcin in postmenopausal osteoporosis. Calcif Tissue Int 38:328-332. CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). 1992. Recommendations for the use of folic acid to reduce the number of cases of spine bifida and other neural tube defects. Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 41: 1~. Chalmers TC. 1975. Effects of ascorbic acid on the common cold. An evaluation of the evidence. Am JMedS8:532-536. Chapuy MC, Arlot ME, Duboeuf F. Brun J. Crouzet B. Arnaud S. Delmas PD, Meunier PJ. 1992. Vitamin D3 and calcium to prevent hip hactures in elderly women. N Engl J. Med 327: 1637-1642. Chevalley T. Rizzoli R. Nydegger V, Slosman D, Rapin CH, Michel JP, Vasey H. Bonjour JP. 1994. Effects of calcium supplements on femoral bone mineral density and vertebral fracture rate in vitamin-D-replete elderly patients. Osteoporos Int 4:245-252. Coulehan JL, Reisinger KS, Rogers KD, Bradley DW. 1974. Vitamin C prophylaxis in a boarding school. NEngl JMed 290:6-10. Coulehan JL, Eberhard S. Kapner L, Taylor F. Rogers K, Garry P. 1976. Vitamin C and acute illness in Navajo school children. N Engl J Med 295:973-977. Crilly RG, Horseman A, Peacock M, Nordin BE. 1981. The vitamin D metabolites in the pathogenesis and management of osteoporosis. Curr Med Res Opin 7:337-348.

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