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Appendix B ramp= ~ =~ _ \~ Committee Member Biographical Sketches NORMAN I. KRINSKY, Ph.D. (Chair) received his Ph.D. in biochemistry from the University of Southern California. He is currently professor emeritus in the Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Tufts University, Boston, and a scientist at the Jean Mayer U.S. Department of Agriculture Human Nutri- tion Research Center on Aging, also at Tufts. Dr. Krinsky is a member of the Advisory Committee of the International Antioxidant Research Centre at King's College in London. He is also the president of the New England Free Radi- cal/Oxygen Society. Dr. Krinsky served as chair of the Food and Nutrition Board/Institute of Medicine (FNB/IOM) Panel on Dietary Reference Intakes for Dietary Antioxidants and Related Compounds. Currently, Dr. Krinsky's re- search is directed at examining the biological activity of cleavage products of carotenoids; the interaction between smoking, carotenoid intake, and lung can- cer; and the functions of antioxidants. LAWRENCE J. APPEL, M.D., M.P.H. is a professor of medicine, epi- demiology, and international health at the Johns Hopkins University Medical Institutions. He holds an M.D. from the New York University School of Medi- cine and an M.P.H. from Johns Hopkins University. Dr. Appel has been the principal or coprincipal investigator in numerous studies that examined the ef- fects of life-style modification, particularly nutrition interventions, on blood pressure. In addition, Dr. Appel is the course director of the class, "Clinical Tri- als Issues and Controversies," at Johns Hopkins. Dr. Appel previously served on the FNB/IOM Committee on Nutrition Services for Medicare Beneficiaries and 85
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86 EVOLUTION OF EVIDENCE currently serves as chair of the FNB/IOM Panel on Dietary Reference Intakes for Electrolytes and Water. STEPHANIE A. ATKINSON, Ph.D., R.D. is a professor of nutrition in the Department of Pediatrics and associate member of the Department of Biochemistry in the Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario. She contributes her expertise as a consultant in clinical nutrition as a member of the special professional staff at The Children's Hospital in Hamilton. Dr. Atkinson received her Ph.D. in nutritional sciences from the University of Toronto. Her research focuses on nutrition for prematurely born infants and on developmental aspects of bone, particularly related to the impact of nutrition, childhood diseases such as leukemia, epilepsy, and inflammatory bowel disease, and steroid therapy, on skeletal development in infants and children. Dr. Atkinson currently holds an appointment as a member of the inaugural Governing Council of the new Canadian Institutes of Health Research. Previously, she served the nutrition community as councilor for the American Society of Clinical Nutrition, scientific chair of the 16th International Congress of Nutrition held in 1997 in Montreal, and as a member of the Board of Trustees of the National Institute of Nutrition in Canada. Dr. Atkinson also serves on the FNB/IOM Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes and was chair of the Panel on Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Related Nutrients. She is a member of the Canadian and American Societies for Nutritional Sciences, American Society for Clinical Nutrition, American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, and Dietitians of Canada, and is a fellow of the American College of Nutrition. LYNN B. BAILEY, Ph.D. is a professor of nutrition in the University of Florida's Food Science and Human Nutrition Department. Before joining the faculty in 1977, Dr. Bailey completed her Ph.D. and postdoctoral training at Purdue University in the area of human nutrient requirements. Her research has focused on the estimation of folate requirements and the evaluation of folate status in different life stages, including adolescence, young adulthood, preg- nancy, and postmenopause. She was the editor of the book Folate in Health and Disease. She has served on numerous expert scientific panels, including the Food and Drug Administration's Folic Acid Subcommittee, which addressed the fortification of cereal grain products with folio acid in an effort to reduce the risk of neural tube defects. Dr. Bailey was the recipient of a national U.S. Depart- ment of Agriculture Award for Superior Service for her research accomplish- ments related to estimating folate requirements. Dr. Bailey previously served on the FNB/IOM Panel on Dietary Reference Intakes for Folate, Other B Vitamins, and Choline. SUSAN TAYLOR MAYNE, Ph.D. is an associate professor in chronic disease epidemiology at the Yale University School of Medicine and associate director of the Yale Comprehensive Cancer Center for which she leads the Can- cer Prevention and Control Research Program. The primary focus of her
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APPENDIXB 87 research is in the area of nutrition and cancer prevention. She directed a large cancer prevention clinical trial to determine whether supplemental p-carotene reduces the incidence of mouth and throat cancer. Additionally, she participated in the working group on carotenoids and cancer of the International Agency for Research on Cancer. She is a member of the Executive Committee of the Inter- national Carotenoid Society and the Steering Committee of the Carotenoid/ Vitamin A Research Interaction Group (CARIG), and cochaired the CARIG Annual Conference at the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology in 1996 and 2001. Dr. Mayne has served on the FNB/IOM Panel on Dietary Reference Intakes for Dietary Antioxidants and Related Compounds. She has a Ph.D. in nutritional biochemistry with minors in biochemistry and toxicology from Cornell University, and received post-doctoral training in epi- demiology at Yale University. PAUL D. STOLLEY, M.D., M.P.H. is a professor and former chair of the Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine at the University of Maryland at Baltimore. Dr. Stolley is an epidemiologist and internist, and trained at the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, where he previously served on the faculty in the Department of Epidemiology. He is cur- rently on loan to the Food and Drug Administration's Center for Drug Evalua- tion and Research, where he is assigned to a project evaluating drugs used in pregnancy. He founded and led the Clinical Epidemiology Unit at the University of Pennsylvania where he served as the Herbert Rorer Professor of Medicine. Dr. Stolley has had a long interest and experience in the investigation of obscure illnesses and epidemics. He is a member of IOM and is past president of the American College of Epidemiology, Society of Epidemiology Research, and American Epidemiological Society. He served as a liaison to the Committee on Diet and Health in 1989. Dr. Stolley's research interests include epidemiology, public health, stroke, and violence. JUDITH R. TURNLUND, Ph.D., R.D. is a research nutrition scientist at the U.S. Department of Agriculture Western Human Nutrition Research Center at the University of California at Davis, and is an adjunct professor in the De- partment of Nutrition. She earned her B.S. in chemistry and psychology at Gus- tavus Adolphus College in Minnesota and holds a Ph.D. in nutritional sciences from the University of California at Berkeley. She is a registered dietitian. Her research interests include human requirements for and bioavailability of trace elements (copper, molybdenum, zinc, and iron) and nutrition and aging. Dr. Turnlund is a member of the American Society for Nutritional Sciences, Ameri- can Society for Clinical Nutrition, and American Dietetic Association. She served on the FNB/IOM Panel on Dietary Reference Intakes for Micronutrients, and has served on trace element task groups for the World Health Organization. Dr. Turnlund received the American Institute of Nutrition Lederle Award for outstanding accomplishments in human nutrition.