human dimensions, we will only repeat the failures of the past (e.g., the construction of low-income housing projects in U.S. inner cities). We must look to small-scale examples that have worked, such as Brooklyn Heights and New England villages where self-sufficiency and self-containment have worked together. If we begin to address these problems now, our successors in 2100 will note that in the year 2000, we began a quest to use Earth systems engineering to make significant, beneficial changes in urban design.


NAE (National Academy of Engineering). 2000. Greatest Engineering Achievements of the 20th Century. Available online at <http//>.

NRC (National Research Council). 1984. Perspectives on Urban Infrastructure. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

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