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OCR for page 81
Science and Its Role in the National Marine Fisheries Service APPENDIX C National Standards in the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act1 IN GENERAL—Any fishery management plan prepared, and any regulation promulgated to implement any such plan, pursuant to this title shall be consistent with the following national standards for fishery conservation and management: Conservation and management measures shall prevent overfishing while achieving, on a continuing basis, the optimum yield from each fishery for the United States fishing industry. Conservation and management measures shall be based on the best scientific information available. To the extent practicable, an individual stock of fish shall be managed as a unit throughout its range, and interrelated stocks of fish shall be managed as a unit or in close coordination. Conservation and management measures shall not discriminate between residents of different States. If it becomes necessary to allocate or assign fishing privileges among various United States fishermen, such allocation 1 16 U.S.C. 1851, Sec. 201.
OCR for page 82
Science and Its Role in the National Marine Fisheries Service shall be (A) fair and equitable to all such fishermen; (B) reasonably calculated to promote conservation; and (C) carried out in such manner that no particular individual, corporation, or other entity acquires an excessive share of such privileges. Conservation and management measures shall, where practicable, consider efficiency in the utilization of fishery resources; except that no such measure shall have economic allocation as its sole purpose. Conservation and management measures shall take into account and allow for variations among, and contingencies in, fisheries, fishery resources, and catches. Conservation and management measures shall, where practicable, minimize cost and avoid unnecessary duplication. Conservation and management measures shall, consistent with the conservation requirements of this Act (including the prevention of overfishing and rebuilding of overfished stocks), take into account the importance of fishery resources to fishing communities in order to (A) provide for the sustained participation of such communities, and (B) to the extent practicable, minimize adverse economic impacts in such communities. [Added in 1996] Conservation and management measures shall, to the extent practicable, (A) minimize bycatch and (B) to the extent bycatch cannot be avoided, minimize the mortality of such bycatch. [Added in 1996] Conservation and management measures shall, to the extent practicable, promote the safety of human life at sea. [Added in 1996]
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