Elements of Model Farms

Animal

Model Farm ID

Confinement and Manure Collection System

Solids Separation Activities

Manure Storage and/or Stabilization

Land Application

Poultry-layers

C3

Caged layer house (flush)

None

Anaerobic lagoon

Liquid

Poultry-turkey

T1A

Turkey house w/bedding

None

Covered cake and open litter

Solid

Poultry-turkey

T1B

Turkey house w/bedding

None

Covered storage of cake

Solid

Swine

S1

Enclosed house (flush)

None

Anaerobic lagoon

Liquid

Swine

S2

Enclosed house (pit recharge)

None

Anaerobic lagoon

Liquid

Swine

S3A

Enclosed house (pull plug pit)

None

Anaerobic lagoon

Liquid

Swine

S3B

Enclosed house (pull plug pit)

None

External tank or pond

Liquid

Swine

S4

Enclosed house w/pit

None

None

Liquid

Veal

V1

Enclosed house (flush)

None

Anaerobic lagoon

Liquid

Veal

V2

Enclosed house w/pit

None

None

Liquid

 

SOURCE: Adapted from EPA (2001a, Table 1).



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement