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  • PET is more accurate than most conventional imaging tests.

  • PET can replace many tests with a single examination.

  • PET images the whole body in a single examination.

  • PET often diagnoses illnesses much earlier than conventional diagnostic procedures because PET shows altered metabolism that occurs before anatomical changes.

  • PET eliminates the need for ineffective or unnecessary surgeries or treatments.

  • PET significantly reduces medical costs and often eliminates unnecessary patient discomfort.

I have chosen CTI as an example of a commercial enterprise that has grown out of knowledge of science and technology, much of which was developed at national laboratories and universities. In that regard, it is the same knowledge that is well known to those of you working in Russia's nuclear cities. It was not just the knowledge of the science and technology of PET that has made CTI successful. Rather, it was the long, hard work making a device that someone would buy and use. This means gaining acceptance from the medical community, gaining approval of several federal agencies, and making a high-quality product at a low-enough cost.

The next time a delegation from Obninsk visits its sister city of Oak Ridge, it might be useful to visit CTI, which is located nearby.


Sandia National Laboratories in Albuquerque, New Mexico, has had several projects that have led to successful businesses based on technologies developed at its facilities. One of these developments is the subject of a 2001 report entitled “Technology Transfer from Sandia National Laboratories and Technology Commercialization by MODE/Encore” (copies may be obtained from the U.S. Department of Commerce at ).

This Sandia report is an excellent case study that describes what happened with a particular project involving MicroOptical Devices (MODE). It describes how the project got started, the steps that had to be taken to move it from the laboratory to a commercial activity, and the problems that occurred along the way. I recommend this report as an excellent guide on some of the activities that must be done to give an innovative small business a chance of succeeding. I am sure that any of the authors would be pleased to receive questions regarding the project or the process of commercialization.

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