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I would like to devote my report first to the efforts of the city administration aimed at developing science-intensive industries and the experience we have accumulated in this area. I will then discuss the activities of specific innovative enterprises, including their problems and difficulties, and sum up our experience resolving these problems.


I would like to start with a brief presentation on our city, its current socioeconomic situation, and the role of the defense enterprises around which the city was formed.

Like other similar cities, Zheleznogorsk was founded to fulfill important national objectives related to strengthening the defensive capacity of the country. In the late 1940s and early 1950s, the Soviet Union launched the so-called “nuclear project.” An entire system of secret cities was created under the auspices of the USSR Ministry of Medium Machine-Building. They were united in a single research and production complex engaged in mining and processing fissionable materials and manufacturing equipment for the atomic energy industry and the military. Zheleznogorsk grew into a city from its origins as a workers' settlement created for the construction of a defense enterprise, Combine 815 (now called the Mining and Chemical Combine Federal State Unitary Enterprise).

Zheleznogorsk is located on the Yenisei River approximately 60 kilometers northeast of Krasnoyarsk. The following main enterprises are located in the city:

  • the Mining and Chemical Combine (MCC), which is under the auspices of Minatom. Its core activities involve reactor production, spent fuel storage, mechanics, and environmental radiation monitoring.

  • the Research and Production Association of Applied Mechanics (NPO PM) of the Russian Aerospace Agency. Its core activities include the design, production, and control of satellites for communications and navigation; the design and production of antenna systems; mechanics; and instrument making.

  • two construction companies, Sibkhimstroi and Atomstroi. Their core activities involve construction and installation work for industrial and civil sites, including MCC facilities.

  • the Chemical Plant, a subsidiary of the State Enterprise Krasnoyarsk Machine-Building Plant. Its activities involve finishing work on jet engines and technologies for reprocessing jet engine fuel.

  • the Sibalko distillery

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