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  • increasing the innovation-oriented returns derived from research efforts

  • creating additional funding sources for science

  • fostering a competitive environment

  • filling the market with goods and services

  • increasing employment opportunities for the population by attracting laid-off scientific personnel to the innovative business sector

  • developing a system of services for the innovation sphere

The role of the state lies in creating the following elements:

  • favorable conditions for entrepreneurial innovation activity through the concentration of small amounts of resources in points of growth

  • science and technology parks

  • innovation centers

  • business incubators

  • special legal and regulatory acts aimed at supporting activity in the scientific-technical services sphere

Unfortunately support programs have remained only on paper. Matters have not yet reached the point of radical reform of the scientific-technical sphere (the formation of joint-stock companies), a situation that can be considered an unrealized opportunity. Without the widespread practice of establishing participatory stock-based ventures in the scientific-technical sphere, the problem of the development of innovation-oriented business takes on great urgency.

The nuclear cities provide a cross-section view of the high-tech sphere in general. The cities of the Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy (Minatom) have accumulated a great deal of scientific-technical potential supported by a powerful industrial base and an enormous amount of operational experience in areas requiring specific knowledge and skills. With the new economic reforms, these cities have faced a serious problem:

  • how to use their potential effectively

  • how to form successfully operating businesses on the basis of the innovative technologies they have produced

  • how to provide employment for the highly skilled workers who have lost their jobs at the main defense enterprises as a result of cuts in defense orders and the diversification of the firms' activities

The situation in the closed nuclear cities has essentially been no less harsh than in other science- and technology-oriented cities (science cities).



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