increasing the innovation-oriented returns derived from research efforts
creating additional funding sources for science
fostering a competitive environment
filling the market with goods and services
increasing employment opportunities for the population by attracting laid-off scientific personnel to the innovative business sector
developing a system of services for the innovation sphere
The role of the state lies in creating the following elements:
favorable conditions for entrepreneurial innovation activity through the concentration of small amounts of resources in points of growth
science and technology parks
special legal and regulatory acts aimed at supporting activity in the scientific-technical services sphere
Unfortunately support programs have remained only on paper. Matters have not yet reached the point of radical reform of the scientific-technical sphere (the formation of joint-stock companies), a situation that can be considered an unrealized opportunity. Without the widespread practice of establishing participatory stock-based ventures in the scientific-technical sphere, the problem of the development of innovation-oriented business takes on great urgency.
The nuclear cities provide a cross-section view of the high-tech sphere in general. The cities of the Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy (Minatom) have accumulated a great deal of scientific-technical potential supported by a powerful industrial base and an enormous amount of operational experience in areas requiring specific knowledge and skills. With the new economic reforms, these cities have faced a serious problem:
how to use their potential effectively
how to form successfully operating businesses on the basis of the innovative technologies they have produced
how to provide employment for the highly skilled workers who have lost their jobs at the main defense enterprises as a result of cuts in defense orders and the diversification of the firms' activities
The situation in the closed nuclear cities has essentially been no less harsh than in other science- and technology-oriented cities (science cities).