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output volumes for science-intensive products, in part replacing them
with technically simpler and cheaper goods.
Innovation policy is a powerful tool, with the help of which it is
possible to overcome the economic downturn, ensure economic
restructuring, and fill the market with a variety of competitive
products. Today, with the current sharp deficit of investments, the
country needs constructive platforms and action programs.
A way out of the current situation that will ensure a broad-scale,
dynamic, and stable flow of innovative processes may be found by
implementing a powerful state innovation policy aimed at concentrating
financial resources and state participation in the development of a
regional infrastructure for innovation activity. Other key points
include creating a system for providing information through all stages
of the innovation cycle, conditions for close cooperation between
science and industry and industry and the market, a legal system and
environment for technology commercialization with the requisite
protection for domestic scientific-technical developments, and
conditions for attracting private investments to innovation activity.
Implemented with the help of state innovation programs, the
concentration of funds on infrastructure creation in the
scientific-technical spheres will, with the help of the newly created
mechanism, promote an effective solution for the problem of
intensifying innovation activity.
Instead of the rather ineffective process of saving Russia's
scientific-technical potential, a strategy must be found to activate
scientific-technical resources and develop science-intensive
innovation activity on a massive scale. It is infrastructural support
that allows small enterprises to gain access to production facilities,
which is essential in adequately meeting the fundamental objectives
involved in producing innovative goods.
An analysis of the economic situation in Russia, taking into account
existing world experience, indicates that economic recovery and the
restoration of production facilities can be expected as a result of
increasing the number and volume of small high-tech firms based on
commercializing the newest achievements of science and engineering.
This sphere of entrepreneurial innovation activity is extremely poorly
developed in Russia today. One of the basic reasons for the
insufficiently quick and effective development of innovation activity
in the scientific-technical sphere lies in the problem of personnel
training and retraining.
A critically important internal precondition for the enhancement of
existing scientific-technical potential is the development in Russia
of small innovative firms and venture capital-oriented
science-intensive structures based on various forms of property
ownership. Also important are such qualitatively new economic
structures as business innovation centers, business incubators,
research and technology parks, engineering centers,