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In the following text, the basic activities of the aforementioned enterprises are described briefly, including their specializations in the innovation area and the opportunities on which they have attempted to capitalize.

Employing about 120 people, Titan is a company that develops new approaches to the processing of metals and alloys. By studying the physical and chemical properties of metals and modeling the various technological processes involved, the company is attempting to create items with preestablished mechanical durability characteristics. The items are treated over different temperature and pressure ranges using vacuum technologies. The most significant results are being obtained in work with phase shift materials. About 10 patents have been obtained for research results in this area. Very interesting results have also been obtained in research on titanium alloys, materials that are currently promising not only for aviation but also for the automobile, chemical, and medical industries. The company has recently begun serial production of a number of products made from titanium and aluminum alloys. Small contracts have been signed with a number of Western European countries. In addition, the company's design group is working on original designs for road-building equipment on orders from the Russian Federation Road Foundation and is participating in various competitions and trade shows in this area.

Sarov Cellular Communications is a company that is developing and introducing mobile communications technologies in the Nizhny Novgorod area. In 1997 it completed a project to provide a cellular phone network for about 1,000 subscribers in Sarov. With its business developing in a profitable and favorably predictable manner, the company is trying to develop capabilities for manufacturing mobile communications equipment.

VNIIEF-Conversion Industry is a company that specializes in introducing new technologies in the construction industry. Its main “test site” is the southern part of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. This particular company initiated and developed a number of new production facilities, including an asphalt plant and a mixtures plant, both of which are equipped to comply with environmental protection regulations and ensure high production standards. The enterprise is profitable and has good characteristics for further growth.

The Rehabilitation Center is an enterprise that concentrates its activities in a number of areas associated with the development of medical technologies. The main area involves the development of prophylactic and diagnostic tools, such as telemedicine. Development of efficient modern tools for medical diagnostic consultations is one of the company's most interesting problems. In collaboration with U.S. and Italian specialists, the firm is considering plans to establish a telemedicine center in Sarov under its auspices. In 2001 the enterprise opened a laparoscopy



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