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2. creating mechanisms facilitating technology transfer from the
research sector to users by
Undoubtedly the problem of developing technologies and new types of
products is within the powers of the major research and production
centers that are equipped with the appropriate research
infrastructure. This effort also requires significant financial
resources. The lion's share of potentially commercializable
technologies is concentrated in the defense sector, and immense
resources for conversion have been targeted in this field. However,
experience has shown that manufacturing new products requires not only
money, but also skill in handling all aspects of bringing competitive
products to the market on a tight schedule and meeting the demands of
the potential customer at an acceptable price. It is this stage—
commercialization—that has been practically absent. There are a
number of reasons for this, primarily including the following:
For these reasons, small innovative enterprises are best suited for
commercialization. Obviously such enterprises must have managers who
have both a technical background in the appropriate field and a fairly
broad scientific outlook on the one hand and the necessary knowledge
and practical skills for working under market conditions on the other.
As a rule, it is the formation of such a class of “technology
brokers” that represents the main obstacle to commercialization.
The problem of developing small innovative firms is especially
pressing for cities like Snezhinsk. This urgency is determined by
socioeconomic development conditions in the city, namely the
shortcomings in the city's infrastructure for energy, personnel,
and other resources; the