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transferred to a third party for implementation (in the mode of
selling a business) or is carried out by the inventors themselves with
the support of the fund and the institute. To increase the scale of
these efforts, plans for financing the Project for Creation of a
Regional Innovation Center are included in the draft Program for the
Development of the City of Zarechny as a Science City.
To make activities in this area more successful, the oblast needs to
pass a law on innovation activity and establish a program for the
development of innovation activity, including the creation of venture
capital centers to provide an infrastructure for promoting
innovations. Plans for such a concept of innovation activity have
already been worked out, with the development fund being involved in
At the federal level, a package of legislation is needed regarding
innovations and the support they require. Drafts of such laws are at
the Ministry of Industry, Science, and Technology and the State Duma.
Efforts are needed to move them forward. In addition, initiating
actions are necessary similar to those taken by the science ministry
regarding innovative technology centers. However, it would be
expedient to link such centers not with scientific institutions but
rather with more flexible, active structures with more resources at
their disposal. Such structures could be found in the boards of
directors of Science City programs established at the time the
programs are approved and their status is confirmed.
The functions of establishing an innovation center or performing the
functions of such a center should be recorded as mandatory state
orders for each Science City. The functions of innovation centers
could also be successfully carried out by Minatom cities regardless of
whether they have been accorded the status of Science Cities or not.