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  • manufacture of water pipes and sanitary equipment using promising new materials (Tryokhgorny)

  • wood processing (Zheleznogorsk, Lesnoi)

  • retail trade and the service sphere (Zheleznogorsk, Lesnoi, Seversk)

  • construction and renovation of the urban infrastructure, housing, and public facilities (Lesnoi, Novouralsk, Ozyorsk, Sarov, Seversk)

  • industrial and domestic waste processing (Zheleznogorsk, Novouralsk)

  • manufacture of medical preparations (Zheleznogorsk, Sarov)

  • processing of local mineral raw materials (Zheleznogorsk)

  • agricultural production (Lesnoi)

  • sports and tourism (Tryokhgorny) and a number of others

Within the framework of the Targeted Program for Promoting Employment for the Population of Closed Administrative-Territorial Zones of the Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy for 1998–2000, and thanks to the resources provided by those executing the program, about 13,300 jobs were created and preserved in 2000. More than 1,250 people took part in public works projects, and 1,200 were provided with job training. (See “Report on Implementation in 2000 of Measures from the Federal Targeted Program of Employment Assistance to the Population of the Russian Federation for 1998–2000,” Russian Ministry of Labor, February 27, 2001, No. 448, Appendix 1, pages 21–22.)

SITUATION IN THE EMPLOYMENT SPHERE

From 1994 through 2000 the number of unemployed persons in the Minatom closed zones registered by local employment service agencies of the Russian Ministry of Labor rose to 4.8 percent in 1996 and fell to 2.2 percent in 2000 (see Tables 1 and 2).

TABLE 1 Size of Economically Active Population and Overall Registered Unemployment Rate in Minatom Closed Zones, 1994–2000

Registered as of End of Reporting period

1994

1995

1996

1997

1998

1999

2000

Economically active population

416,120

413,900

411,130

416,880

416,770

426,750

417,090

Number of unemployed registered by local agencies

9,480

16,970

19,980

18,040

19,590

13,660

9,180

Registered unemployment rate (%)

2.3

4.1

4.8

4.3

4.7

3.2

2.2



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