number of such systems that address the needs of a variety of users (including many with limited meteorological knowledge), will provide the ability to extract weather features critical to users’ needs. User needs include information on severe weather, wind and moisture fields, or on weather as it may impact aviation. A current aviation-specific example illustrates such a capability. With the concept of collaborative decision making—whereby the three elements of the aviation system (the pilot, the air traffic controller, and the airline dispatcher) work with the same weather data system (likely the same data source but displayed in different user-specific ways)—a safer and more efficient utilization of the airspace is achieved.

The end state user may provide input to two types of decision aids: (1) highly directed aids for meteorological users that provide forecasters with improved assistance in operational warning and forecast needs and (2) a potpourri of nonmeteorological products and decision aids for nonmeteorological users such as those in the civil and military aviation sectors, the newly emerging intelligent surface transportation systems (e.g., smart cars and trucks), agriculture, and U.S. military. A user group should be formed in parallel to the evolution of the IOS to ensure effective development of an advanced product suite.

Recommendation

Tactical Decision Aids and means for collaborative decision-making capabilities should be developed for both meteorological and nonmeteorological users of the system, with attention to the demands on the integrated observing system.



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