TABLE 2-1 National Suicide Rates per 100,000 for Selected Countries. Most Recent Data from the World Health Organization (WHO, 2001a)

Country

Total

Male

Female

Year

Armenia

1.8

2.7

0.9

1999

Austria

19.2

28.7

10.3

1999

Azerbaijan

0.7

1.1

0.2

1999

Belarus

34.0

61.1

10.0

1999

Brazil

4.1

6.6

1.8

1995

Canada

12.3

19.6

5.1

1997

China

14.1

13.4

14.8

1998

Rural Areas

23.3

21.9

24.8

1998

Urban Areas

6.8

6.8

6.8

1998

Finland

23.8

38.3

10.1

1998

Georgia

4.3

6.6

2.1

1992

Greece

3.8

6.1

1.7

1998

Hungary

33.1

53.1

14.8

1999

India

10.7

12.2

9.1

1998

Italy

8.2

12.7

3.9

1997

Japan

18.8

26.0

11.9

1997

Kuwait

2.2

2.7

1.6

1999

Lithuania

41.9

73.8

13.6

1999

Mexico

3.1

5.4

1.0

1995

Norway

12.1

17.8

6.6

1997

Philippines

2.1

2.5

1.7

1993

Poland

14.3

24.1

4.6

1996

Republic of Korea

13.0

17.8

8.0

1997

Russian Federation

35.5

62.6

11.6

1998

Singapore

11.7

13.9

9.5

1998

Sri Lanka

31.0

44.6

16.8

1991a

Sweden

14.2

20.0

8.5

1996

Tajikistan

3.5

5.1

1.8

1995

Thailand

4.0

5.6

2.4

1994

Ukraine

29.1

51.2

10.0

1999

United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland

7.4

11.7

3.3

1998

United States

10.7

17.6

4.1

1999

aThe more recent total suicide rate for 1996 was 21.6, but rates by sex were not available.

Overall, suicide rates are lower in other Asian nations compared to China, including Singapore (11.7 per 100,000), Japan (18.8 per 100,000), and Thailand, which reports a very low rate of 4.0 per 100,000 (Table 2-1, WHO, 2001a). The suicide rate for China has decreased dramatically in recent years, dropping from 23 per 100,000 in 1999 to 17 per 100,000 in 2000 (WHO, 2001b).



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