firearm use in suicide, 280

violence, 215, 305

Age factors, xi, 7, 10, 38, 396-400, 452-453

see also Adolescents and youth;

Children;

Elderly persons

alcohol abuse, 84

anti-psychotic medications, 236

anxiety disorders, 75

assessment of patients, 231, 232

bipolar disorder, 234

cost of suicide to society, 56, 57

hotlines, 290

inpatient care, 250

Native Americans, 308

number of suicides, 1, 38, 39

racial/ethnic factors, 44-45, 47-48

serotonin, 126-127

sexual orientation, 54-55

Agency for Health Care Policy and Research, 302

Agency for Health Care Research and Quality (AHRQ), 14, 436

Aggression, see Child abuse;

Impulsivity;

Sexual abuse;

Violence and aggressive behavior

Agoraphobia, 76, 87

AIDS, see HIV/AIDS

Air Force, see U.S. Air Force

Alaskan Natives, 47-49, 199, 310, 355-356

Alcohol abuse, 2, 3, 5, 69, 70, 81-85, 86, 96, 99-100, 394

see also Substance abuse

adolescents, 49, 88-89, 276

barriers to treatment, 342

bipolar disorder, 74

childhood trauma, 165, 167, 168, 179

diagnosis, 71

firearm use in suicide, 40, 81, 83, 282

gender factors, 40, 84

genetic factors, 131, 136, 137-138

historical perspectives, 21, 22

international perspectives, 81, 83, 85, 211

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), 1, 12, 20, 433

Native Americans, 81, 82, 83, 308, 309-310

race/ethnicity, 81, 82, 83, 84, 308, 309-310

religious influences, 202, 203

school-based prevention programs, 276

serotonin, 123-124, 137

surveillance, 380

Ambulatory care, see Inpatient care

American Academy of Pediatrics, 14, 183, 436

American Association of Suicidology, 14, 278, 290

American College of Family Physicians, 14, 436

American College of Physicians, 14, 436

American Foundation for the Prevention of Suicide, 14, 278, 438

American Indians, see Native Americans

American Medical Association, 5, 339-340

American Psychiatric Association, 14, 71, 438

American Psychological Association, 14

American Society of Internal Medicine, 14, 436

Amitriptyline, 287

Animal studies, 77, 122, 128

childhood trauma, 158, 172

Annenberg Public Policy Center, 278

Anticonvulsants, 233, 235-236, 287

Antidepressant medications, 2, 235, 237-242 , 299, 340, 341, 347, 349, 353, 403

clinical trials, 238-240, 241-242, 257

overdose suicides, 287, 340

serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), 238-239, 240, 241, 342

tricyclic antidepressants, 239, 240, 287

Anti-psychotic medications, 4, 236-237, 350

Anxiety disorders, 75-76, 84, 86, 95, 400-401 , 462

see also Panic disorder;

Post-traumatic stress disorder

agoraphobia, 76, 87

antidepressant medications and, 240, 242

assessment of patients, 231

Beck Anxiety Scale, 231

childhood trauma, 176, 178, 183

inpatient care, 250

medications, 240, 242, 258, 299

neurochemistry, 77, 92-93

panic disorder, 76

psychotherapy, 247

religious influences, 203

Anxiolytics, 240, 242, 258, 299



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